 Data-Retrieval Facility   Mapping of                            Hierarchies to Files Update Facility Virtual Records ...
Basic Concepts       • A hierarchical database consists of a collection of records which are         connected to one anot...
Tree-Structure Diagrams  The schema for a hierarchical database consists of                  • boxes, which correspond to ...
General StructureA parent may have an arrow pointing to a child, but a child must have anarrow pointing to its parent.
When transforming E-R                        Database schema is      diagrams to corresponding                          re...
Single relationships (Cont.)
Only one-to-many and one-to-one relationships can bedirectly represented in the hierarchical mode.If the relationship depo...
Transforming Many-      -Many RelationshipsMust consider the type of                                 In all versions of th...
Many-To Many Relationships
Create two tree-structure diagrams, T1, with the root customer, and T2, with the root account.    In T1, create depositor,...
General Relationships• Example ternary E-R diagram and corresponding tree-structure diagrams are  shown on the following p...
Sample Ternary Databases
Several Relationship• To correctly transform an E-R diagram with several  relationships, split the unrooted tree structure...
Corresponding diagrams in the form of rooted trees.
•   Diagram (b) contains a cycle.•   Replicate all three record types, and create two separate diagrams.
Each diagram is now a rooted tree   .
DataRetrieval Facility
We present querying of hierarchical databasesvia a simplified version of DL/I, the data-manipulation language of IMS.   Ex...
Example Schema
The get Command                                                      State of the program work area afterData items are re...
Example Queries                                   Print an account belongingPrint the address of                  to Flemi...
Various mechanisms are available for updating informationin the databaseCreation and deletion of records(via the insert an...
Modification of a Record Record    Creation an Existing     Deletion     New RecordsTAB ONE       TAB TWO        TAB THREE...
Virtual Records
Let R be a record typeFor many-to-many                                     When a record is to                            ...
Hierarchies to Files
Implementation with   parent-child pointers
Implementation with leftmost   child and next-sibling pointers
In general, the final child of a parent has no next sibling; rather than   setting the next-sibling filed to null, place a...
May add a   Third child-to-parent pointer which facilitates the processing of queries that give a value for a child record...
IBM Information Management System — first developed in the late 1960s;   historically among the largest databases.Issue qu...
Record Access Schemes Hierarchical sequential-access method (HSAM) — used for  physically sequential files (such as tape ...
IMS Concurrency ControlEarly versions handled concurrency control by permitting only one update application    program to ...
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
Dbms presentation
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Dbms presentation

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  • Custom animation effects: spotlight text(Intermediate)To reproduce the text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box and select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Arial Black.In the Font Size box, enter 50.Click Bold. On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box.Select the text box. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in bottom right corner of the WordArt Styles, click the Format Text Effects dialog box launcher. In the Format Text Effects dialog box,click Text Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Text Fill pane, and then do the following: In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 35% (third row, second option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).Also in the Format Text Effects dialog box,click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the 3-D Format pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 10 pt, and in the Height box, enter 2.5 pt.Under Depth, click the button next to Color, and then select Automatic. Under Contour, click the button next to Color, click More Colors, and then in the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 68,Green: 113,Blue: 166. In the Sizebox, enter 0.5 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Standard clickMetal (fourth option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Contrasting (second row, second option from the left). In the Angle box, enter 75°.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the WordArt Styles group, click Text Effects, point to Reflection, and then under Reflection Variations click Half Reflection, touching (first row, second option from the left).Drag the text box above the middle of the slide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Center.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 35% (third row, second option from the left). To reproduce the shape effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw an oval.Select the oval. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 1.1”. In the Shape Width box, enter 2.31”.With the oval still selected, on the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until three stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 21%.Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 51%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 73%.Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colorsclick Black, Text 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Under the Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes Styles group, do the following:Click the arrow next to Shape Outline, and then click No Outline.Click Shape Effects, point to Soft Edges,and then click 25 Point.On the slide, drag the oval until it is centered on the first letter in the text box.To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the slide, select the oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, clickFade.Select the animation effect (fade entrance effect for the oval). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In theStart box, selectWith Previous.In the Speed box, select Fast. On the slide, select the oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Exit, and then click More Effects. In the Add Exit Effect dialog box, under Subtle, clickFade.Select the second animation effect (fade exit effect for the oval). Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Delay box, enter 4.In the Speed list, select 1 seconds (Fast). On the slide, select the oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, clickFade.Select the third animation effect (fade entrance effect for the oval). Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Delay box, enter 5.In the Speed list, select 1 seconds (Fast). On the slide, select the oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Exit, and then click More Effects. In the Add Exit Effect dialog box, under Subtle, clickFade.Select the fourth animation effect (fade exit effect for the oval). Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Timing. In the Fade dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Delay box, enter 7.In the Speed list, select 1 seconds (Fast). On the slide, select the oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Motion Paths, and then click Right. Select the fifth animation effect (motion path for the oval). Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Fade dialog box, do the following:On the Effect tab, under Path, select Auto-reverse.On the Timing tab, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Delay box, enter 0.In the Speed list, select 2 seconds (Medium).In the Repeat list, select 2.On the slide, select the motion path. Point to the endpoint (red arrow) of the motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow, press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the endpoint to the center of the last letter in the text box.
  • Custom animation effects: sparkle(Basic)To reproduce the text on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click TextBox. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter text and select it. On the Home tab, in the Font group, in the Font list select FranklinGothicHeavy, and then in the FontSize box, select 96 pt.On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center.Select the text box, and then under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the WordArtStyles group, click TextEffects, point to Reflection, and under ReflectionVariations select Tight Reflection, Touching (first row, the first option from the left).With the text box still selected, under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the WordArtStyles group, click the FormatTextEffects: Text Box dialog box launcher. In the FormatTextEffects dialog box, click TextFill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the TextFill pane, and then do the following:Click the button next to Presetcolors, and then click Ocean (second row, second option from the left).In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click LinearUp (second row, second option from the left).Also in the FormatTextEffects dialog box, click 3-DFormat in the left pane. In the 3-DFormat pane, under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). To reproduce the first star on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Stars and Banners click 4-Point Star (first row, third option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a star.On the slide, drag the star onto the top of the first letter (in the example slide, it is “S”) in the text box.With the star still selected, drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle down to make the points thinner.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner in the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, clickFill in the left pane, select Gradient fillin the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 100%.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, and in the LineColor pane click Noline. UnderDrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Sizeand rotation do the following:In the Height box, enter 0.51”.In the Width box, enter 0.51”.In the Rotation box, enter 15°.To reproduce the other stars on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the star. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. On the slide, drag the second star until it slightly overlaps the edge of a letter in the text box.Change the size of the star in the Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group.Repeat steps 1-3 for a total of five stars.To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation.On the slide, select the first star from the left. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:ClickAddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate, clickGrow & Turn.Select the animation effect (grow & turn entrance effect for the first star). Under Modify: Grow & Turn,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Speed list, select VeryFast.On the slide, select the first star from the left. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddExitEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Grow & Turn.Select the second animation effect (grow & turn exit effect for the first star). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Grow & Turn dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Delay box enter 0.7. In the Speed list, select 0.5 seconds (VeryFast).On the slide, select the second star from the left. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Grow & Turn.Select the third animation effect (grow & turn entrance effect for the second star). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Grow & Turn dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Delay box enter 0.2. In the Speed list, select 0.5 seconds (VeryFast).On the slide, select the second star from the left. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddExitEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Grow & Turn.Select the fourth animation effect (grow & turn exit effect for the second star). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Grow & Turn dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Delay box enter 0.9. In the Speed list, select 0.5 seconds (VeryFast).On the slide, select the third star from the left. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Grow & Turn.Select the fifth animation effect (grow & turn entrance effect for the third star). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Grow & Turn dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Delay box enter 0.4. In the Speed list, select 0.5 seconds (VeryFast).On the slide, select the third star from the left. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddExitEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Grow & Turn.Select the sixth animation effect (grow & turn exit effect for the third star). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Grow & Turn dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Delay box enter 1.1. In the Speed list, select 0.5 seconds (VeryFast).On the slide, select the fourth star from the left. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Grow & Turn.Select the seventh animation effect (grow & turn entrance effect for the fourth star). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Grow & Turn dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Delay box enter 0.8. In the Speed list, select 0.5 seconds (VeryFast).On the slide, select the fourth star from the left. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddExitEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Grow & Turn.Select the eighth animation effect (grow & turn exit effect for the fourth star). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Grow & Turn dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Delay box enter 1.4. In the Speed list, select 0.5 seconds (VeryFast).On the slide, select the fifth star from the left. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Grow & Turn.Select the ninth animation effect (grow & turn entrance effect for the fifth star). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Grow & Turn dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Delay box enter 0.9. In the Speed list, select 0.5 seconds (VeryFast).On the slide, select the fifth star from the left. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddExitEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Grow & Turn.Select the 10th animation effect (grow & turn exit effect for the fifth star). Click the arrow to the right of the selected effect, and then click Effect Options. In the Grow & Turn dialog box, on the Timing tab, do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Delay box enter 1.5. In the Speed list, select 0.5 seconds (VeryFast).To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColorsclick Black, Text 1, Lighter 35% (third row, second option from the left). Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColorsclick Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).
  • Custom animation effects: page turns in open book(Difficult)Tip: You will need to use drawing guides and the ruler to position the objects on this slide. For instructions on animating an opening book cover, refer to the previous slide (Custom animation effects: open book) for instructions.To display the drawing guides and the ruler, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Right-click the slide background area, and then click Grid and Guides.In the Grid and Guides dialog box, underGuidesettings, select Display drawing guides on screen. (Note: One horizontal and one vertical guide will display on the slide at 0.00, the default position. The spine of the book will be aligned to the vertical drawing guide.) On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler. To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-left page 1 group on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles, click Rounded Rectangle (second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rounded rectangle.Select the rounded rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 3.33”.On the rounded rectangle, drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to reduce the amount of rounding on the corners.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of theDrawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Left (first row, fifth option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 180°.Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Red, Accent 2, Darker 50% (sixth row, sixth option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickRed Accent 2, Darker 25% (fifth row, sixth option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Noline. On the slide, drag the rectangle until the right edge is against the vertical drawing guide.On the Home, tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.To reproduce the second shape in the Inside-left page 1 group on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab,in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left).On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.33”.In the Shape Width box, enter 3.15”.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of theDrawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Left (first row, fifth option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 180°.Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until five stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 35% (fifth row, the first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 5%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 18%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).Select Stop 4 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 38%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 5 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 93%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next toPresets, under Outer click OffsetRight (second row, first option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 60%.In the Size box, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 4 pt.In the Angle box, enter 0°.In the Distance box, enter 3 pt.On the slide, drag the rectangle until the right edge is against the vertical drawing guide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select and then click SelectAll.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Group.On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-left page 1. To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-right page 3group on this slide, do the following:On the SelectionandVisibility pane, select the Inside-left page 1group.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then click MoreRotationOptions. In the SizeandPosition dialog box, on the Size tab, under Sizeandrotation, in the Rotation box, enter 180°.On the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the duplicate group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right.On the slide, drag theInside-right group until the left edge is against the vertical drawing guide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.To reproduce the text box in the Inside-right page 3group on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Bodoni MT Condensed.In the Font Size list, select 16.Drag the text box onto the right-side page to the right of the vertical drawing guide. If the text is wider than the page, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to decrease the width, and then repeat the previous step to reposition. To reproduce the page edges in the Inside-right page 3group on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Line (first option from the left). On the slide, press and hold SHIFT, and then drag to draw a straight, vertical line.Select the vertical line.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Shape Width box, enter 4.32”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow to the right of Shape Outline, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process until there is a total of six lines.On the slide, drag the lines until they are bunched together in a dense group, no wider than 0.5”. In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the six straight connectors (lines).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, andthen do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align Selected Objects. Point to Align, and then click Distribute Horizontally.Point to Align, and then click Align Middle.Click Group. On the slide, drag the group of lines until the right edge is touching the right edge of the white rectangle to the right of the vertical drawing guide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the group of lines, the text box, and the Inside-right group.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Group.In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right page 3.To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-left page 2group on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab,in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left).On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 4.33”.In the Shape Width box, enter 3.15”.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of theDrawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Left (first row, fifth option from the left).In the Angle box, enter 180°.Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until five stops appear in the drop-down list. Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickWhite, Background 1, Darker 35% (fifth row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 5%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickWhite, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 18%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickWhite, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).Select Stop 4 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 38%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickWhite, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 5 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 93%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickWhite, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer click OffsetRight (second row, first option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 60%.In the Size box, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 4 pt.In the Angle box, enter 0°.In the Distance box, enter 3 pt.On the slide, drag the rectangle until the right edge is against the vertical drawing guide.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.To reproduce the page edge in the Inside-left page 2group on this slide, do the following: On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Lines click Line (first option from the left). On the slide, press and hold SHIFT, and then drag to draw a straight, vertical line.Select the vertical line.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, in the Shape Width box, enter 4.32”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left).On the slide, drag the line near the edge of the left-side page (white rectangle to the left of the vertical drawing guide). On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the rectangle and the straight connector (line).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, and then click Group.In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-left page 2.To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-right page 2group on this slide, do the following: In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left page 2 group.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then clickDuplicate.With the duplicate group still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then click More Rotation Options. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Size and rotation, in the Rotation box, enter 180°.In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the duplicate group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the new Inside-right group. On the slide, drag the selected group until the left edge is against the vertical drawing guide.On the Home, tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.ClickAlign Middle. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture.In the InsertPicture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert.On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Sizeand Position dialog box launcher. Select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 1.4” and the Width box is set to 2.1”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. On the slide, drag the picture until the left edge is 0.5” to the right of the vertical drawing guide and the bottom edge is 0.5” above the horizontal drawing guide.To reproduce the text boxin the Inside-right page 2group on this slide, do the following: On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box. On the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Bodoni MT Condensed.In the Font Size list, select 16.On the slide, drag the text box untilthe left edge of the textis 0.5” to the right of the vertical drawing guide and the top edge of the text is against the horizontal drawing guide.If the text is too wide for the page, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to adjust the width, and then repeat the previous step to reposition. To reproduce the page edgesin the Inside-right page 2group on this slide, do the following: In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-right group you just created.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the straight connector (line) that you just ungrouped from the page.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of six lines. On the slide, drag the six lines until they are bunched together in a dense group, no wider than 0.5”. In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the six straight connectors (lines). On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Distribute Horizontally.Click Align Middle. With the group of lines still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then clickGroup.On the slide, drag the group until the right edge of the group of lines is touching the right edge of the page.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the new group of lines and the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, and then click Group.Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right.Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then selectthe Inside-right group, the text box, and the picture.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Group.In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right page 2.To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-left page 3 group, do the following: In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left page 2 group.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the duplicate group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-left.On the slide, drag the rectangle until the right edge is against the vertical drawing guide.On the Home, tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:ClickAlign to Slide.Click Align Middle. To reproduce the picture in the Inside-left page 3 group, do the following: On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Picture.In the InsertPicture dialog box, select a picture, and then click Insert.On the slide, select the picture. Under Picture Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, resize or crop the picture as needed so that under Size and rotate, the Height box is set to 1.4” and the Width box is set to 2.1”. Resize the picture under Size and rotate by entering values into the Height and Width boxes. Crop the picture under Crop from by entering values into the Left, Right, Top, and Bottom boxes. On the slide, drag the picture until the left edge is 0.5” to the right of the vertical drawing guide and the top edge is 0.25” below the horizontal drawing guide.To reproduce the text box in the Inside-left page 3 group, do the following: On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Bodoni MT Condensed.In the Font Size list, select 16.On the slide, drag the text box until the right edgeof the text is 0.5” to the left of the vertical drawing guide and the bottom edge of the text is 0.25” above the horizontal drawing guide.If the text is too wide for the page, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to decrease the width, and then repeat the previous step to reposition. To reproduce the page edges in the Inside-left page 3 group, do the following: In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left group you just created. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the straight connector (line) that you just ungrouped from the page.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. On the slide, drag the duplicate line until it is very close to the original line. In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the two straight connectors (lines). On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Middle. With the group of lines still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then clickGroup.On the slide, drag the group until the leftedge of the group of lines is touching the left edge of the rectangle.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the new group of lines, the rectangle, the text box, and the picture. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, and then click Group.Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-left page 3.To reproduce the first shape in the Inside-right page1group on this slide, do the following:In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left page 2 group.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.In the Selection and Visibility pane, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-right group. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Rotate, and then click More Rotation Options. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Size tab, under Size and rotation, in the Rotation box, enter 180°.On the slide, drag the group until the left edge is against the vertical drawing guide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle. To reproduce the text box in the Inside-right page1group on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click TextBox. Drag to draw a text box on the slide.Enter text in the text box (to match the example above, enter Introduction), and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Vivaldi.In the Font Size list, select 18.On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box.On the slide, drag the text box until the left edge of the text is 0.75” to the right of the vertical drawing guide and the bottom edge of the text is 0.5” above the horizontal drawing guide.If the text is too wide for the page, drag the adjustment handles on the text box to decrease the width, and then repeat the previous step to reposition. To reproduce the page edges in the Inside-right page1group on this slide, do the following:In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-right group you just created.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click Ungroup.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the straight connector (line) that you just ungrouped from the page.On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process for a total of six lines. On the slide, drag the six lines until they are bunched together in a dense group, no wider than 0.5”. In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the six straight connectors (lines). On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Distribute Horizontally.Click Align Middle. With the group of lines still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then clickGroup.On the slide, drag the group until the right edge of the group of lines is touching the right edge of the page.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select the new group of lines, the rectangle, and the text box. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow under Arrange, and then click Group.Also in the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, double-click the new group to edit the name, and then enter Inside-right page 1.Right-click the slide background area, and then click Grid and Guides. In the Grid and Guides dialog box, under Guide settings, clear Display drawing guides on screen.On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, clear Ruler.In the Selection and Visibility pane, the final arrangement of the six groups of objects should be the following (from top to bottom):Inside-right page 1Inside-left page 3Inside-right page 2 Inside-left page 2Inside-right page 3Inside-left page 1To move a group of objects up in the Selectionand Visibility pane, do the following:In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the group of objects.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then click BringForward.To move a group of objects down in the Selectionand Visibility pane, do the following:In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the group of objects.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then clickSend Backward.To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-right page 1 group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddExitEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Collapse.Select the first animation effect (collapse effect for the Inside-right page 1 group). Under Modify: Collapse,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious. In the Direction list, select To Left.In the Speed list, select Fast. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left page 2 group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Stretch.Select the second animation effect (stretch effect for the Inside-left page 2 group). Under Modify: Stretch,do the following:In the Start list, select AfterPrevious.In the Direction list, select FromRight. In the Speed list, select Fast. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-right page 2 group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Exit, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddExitEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Collapse.Select the third animation effect (collapse effect for the Inside-right page 2 group). Under Modify: Collapse,do the following:In the Start list, select On Click.In the Direction list, select To Left.In the Speed list, select Fast. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the Inside-left page 3 group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Moderate, click Stretch.Select the fourth animation effect (stretch effect for the Inside-left page 3 group). Under Modify: Stretch,do the following:In the Start list, select AfterPrevious.In the Direction list, select FromRight. In the Speed list, select Fast. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 63%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlack, Text 1, Lighter 50% (second row, fifth option from the left).
  • SmartArt customanimation effects: vertical chevron list with dark colors(Basic)To reproduce the SmartArt effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic dialog box, in the left pane, click List. In the List pane, click Vertical Chevron List (fourth row, fourth option from the left), and then click OK to insert the graphic into the slide.To create a fourth chevron, select the third chevron at the bottom of the graphic, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click the arrow next to AddShape, and select AddShapeAfter.To add bullets for the fourth chevron, select the fourth chevron, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click AddBullet.To enter text, select the SmartArt graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, enter text for each level. (Note: In the example slide, the first-level text boxes contain “One,” “Two,” “Three,” and “Four.” The second-level text is “Supporting Text.”)On the slide, select the SmartArt graphic and drag the right center sizing handle to the right edge of the slide.With the SmartArt graphic still selected, on the DesignTab, in the Themes group, click Colors, and then under Built-In select Median. (Note: If this action is taken in a PowerPoint presentation containing more than one slide, the theme will be applied to all of the slides.)With the SmartArt graphic still selected, under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click MoreStyles, and then under 3-D select Inset (first row, second option from the left). Also under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArtStyles group, click ChangeColors, and then under Colorful select Colorful -AccentColors (first option from the left). To reproduce the chevron effects on this slide, do the following:Press and hold CTRL, and select all four chevrons in the SmartArt graphic. On the Home tab, in the Font group, in the Font list select Franklin Gothic Medium Cond, and then in the FontSize box select 28.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click TextBox in the left pane, and in the TextBox pane do the following:Under Textlayout, in the Verticalalignment list select Bottom.Under Internalmargin, do the following: In the Left box, enter 0”. In the Right box, enter 0”. In the Bottom box, enter 0”. In the Top box, enter 0.6”.To reproduce the rectangle effects on this slide, do the following:Press and hold CTRL, and the four of the rectangles (with bulleted text). On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select FranklinGothicBook.In the FontSize box, enter 21.In the FontColor list, underThemeColors select White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shapedialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 45%. Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane, and in the Shadow pane, in the Presets list, select NoShadow.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click 3-DFormat in the left pane, and in the 3-DFormat pane, underBevel, in the Top list select NoBevel.Select the top rectangle with bulleted text.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the LineColor pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Orange, Accent 2 (first row, sixth option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Orange, Accent 2 (first row, sixth option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the second rectangle from the top with bulleted text.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the LineColor pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Olive Green, Accent 3 (first row, seventh option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Olive Green, Accent 3 (first row, seventh option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the third rectangle from the top with bulleted text.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the LineColor pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Gold, Accent 4 (first row, eighth option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Gold, Accent 4 (first row, eighth option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. Select the fourth rectangle from the top with bulleted text.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the LineColor pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Down (first row, second option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Green, Accent 5 (first row, ninth option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 100%. Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Green, Accent 5 (first row, ninth option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 0%. To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following: On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation.Select the SmartArt graphic, and then in the CustomAnimation task pane do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and select MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate select Grow & Turn.Click the arrow to the right of the animation effect (grow & turn effect for the graphic), select EffectOptions, and then in the Grow & Turn dialog box, do the following:On the Timing tab, in the Speed list, select 0.5 seconds (Very Fast).On the SmartArtAnimation tab, in the Groupgraphic list, select Onebyone.Click the double arrow to expand the contents of the list in theCustomAnimation task pane.Press and hold CTRL, and select the second, fourth, sixth, and eighth effects (grow & turn entrance effects), and then do the following:Click Change, point to Entrance and select MoreEffects. In the ChangeEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate select EaseIn.With the four ease-in entrance effects still selected, under Modify: Ease In do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Speed list, select Fast.Select the grow & turn entrance effect (first effect in the list), and under Modify: Grow & Turn, in the Start list, select WithPrevious.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 20%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left). Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Black, Text 1 (first row, second option from the left).
  • SmartArtcustom animation effects: vertical bullet list(Basic)To reproduce the SmartArt effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then clickBlank. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic dialog box, in the left pane, click List. In the List pane, click Vertical Bullet List (first row, third option from the left), and then click OK to insert the graphic into the slide.To create another row, select the bottom, first-level (color-filled) rectangle, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click the arrow next to AddShape, and select AddShapeAfter.To add bullet text area, select the new first-level (color-filled) rectangle, and then under SmartArtTools, on the Design tab, in the CreateGraphic group, click AddBullet.To enter text, select the graphic, and then click one of the arrows on the left border. In the Type your text here dialog box, enter text for each level. (Note: In the example slide, the first-level text is “Topic One,” “Topic Two,” and “Topic Three.” The second-level text is “Supporting Text.”)Select the border of the SmartArt graphic. Drag the left center sizing handle to the left edge of the slide to resize the width of the SmartArt graphic.To reproduce the rectangle effects on this slide, do the following:Press and hold CTRL, and select the three color-filled rectangles (in the example above, these are the “Topic One,” “Topic Two,” and “Topic Three” rectangles).Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the Shapes group, click ChangeShape, and under Rectangles select RoundDiagonalCornerRectangle (ninth option from the left).Under SmartArtTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeEffects, point to Presets and select Preset 7 (second row, third option from the left). On the Home tab, in the Font group do the following:In the Font list, select FranklinGothicDemiCond.In the FontSize box, enter 32 pt.Click Shadow.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click TextBox in the left pane, and in the TextBox pane, under Internalmargin, in the Left box enter 3”. Select the first color-filled rectangle from the top (in the example slide, “Topic One”).On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right(first row, fourth option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Olive Green, Accent 3 (first row, seventh option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 90%Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Olive Green, Accent 3 (first row, seventh option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 0%.Select the second color-filled rectangle from the top (in the example above, “Topic Two”).On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right(first row, fourth option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Blue, Accent 1 (first row, the fifth option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 90%Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Blue, Accent 1 (first row, the fifth option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 0%.Select the third color-filled rectangle from the top (in the example slide, “Topic Three”).On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradientfill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Right(first row, fourth option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Orange, Accent 6 (first row, 10th option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 90%Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Orange, Accent 6 (first row, 10th option from the left). In the Transparency box, enter 0%.To reproduce the bulleted text on this slide, do the following:Press and hold CTRL, and select the three second-level, bulleted text boxes. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select FranklinGothicMediumCond.In the FontSize box, enter 22 pt.In the FontColor list, select White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of theDrawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, select TextBox in the left pane, and in the TextBox pane do the following:Under Textlayout, in the Verticalalignment list select Middle.Under Internalmargin, do the following: In the Left box, enter 3.8”.In the Top box, enter 0.2”.In the Right box, enter 0.17”.In the Bottom box, enter 0.2”. Increase the height of the SmartArt graphic by dragging the top or bottom sizing handle. To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation.Select the SmartArt graphic on the slide, and then in the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and select MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate,select Ascend.Click the arrow to the right of the ascend entrance effect, and then select EffectOptions. In the Ascend dialog box, do the following:On the Timing tab, in the Speed list, select 1 seconds (Fast).On the SmartArtAnimation tab, in the Groupgraphic list, select Onebyone. Click the double arrow below the animation effect to expand the list of effects.Press and hold CTRL, and select all the effects in the CustomAnimation task pane. Then under Modify: Ascend, in the Start list, select AfterPrevious.Press and hold CTRL, and select the second, fourth, and sixth effects (ascend entrance effects) in the CustomAnimation task pane. Click Change, point to Entrance, and then select MoreEffects. In the ChangeEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate, select EaseIn.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-clickthe slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Left (first row, fifth option from the left). Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until three stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 60%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 90%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select White, Background 1, Darker 25% (fourth row, first option from the left). Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColors select Black, Text 1, Lighter 50% (second row, second option from the left).
  • Custom animation effects: object spins on end(Advanced)To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Solid fill in the Fill pane. Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).To reproduce the rectangle on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rounded Rectangle (second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rounded rectangle.Select the rectangle. Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the amount of rounding on the corners. With the rounded rectangle still selected, under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 3.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 0.25”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane. In the Fill pane, select Solid fill, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left).Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer select Offset Bottom (first row, second option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 0%.In the Sizebox, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 8.5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90°.In the Distance box, enter 1 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane. In the 3-D Format pane, do the following:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 5 pt, and in the Height box, enter 5 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Standard clickMatte (first row, first option from the left).Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left).On the slide, select the rounded rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, do the following:Click the arrow next to Shape Fill, and then click No Fill.Click the arrow next to Shape Outline, and then click No Outline.Drag the second rectangle above the first rectangle until the lower edge overlays the top edge of the first rectangle. (Note: When the spinning animation effect is created later for these rectangles, the spin will center where the edges of the rectangles meet.)Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align Selected Objects.Point to Align, and then click Align Center.Click Group. On the slide, drag the group until it is centered horizontally on the left edge of the slide (straddling the edge).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.To reproduce the dashed arc on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Arc (third row, 12th option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw an arc.Select the arc. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 7.5”.With the arc still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline,and then do the following:Under Theme Colors, click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left).Point to Dashes, and then click Dash (fourth option from the top).On the slide, drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle on the right side of the arc to the bottom of the arc to create a half circle.Drag the arc until the yellow diamond adjustment handles are on the left edge of the slide.With the arc still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide. Click Align Middle. To reproduce the half circle on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the arc. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate arc. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 3.33”.In the Shape Width box, enter 3.33”.With the second arc still selected, under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline,and then click No Outline.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Effects, point to Shadow, and then click ShadowOptions. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Inner click Inside Right (second row, third option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 86%.In the Blur box, enter 24 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.On the slide, drag the second arc until the yellow diamond adjustment handles are on the left edge of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Middle. Click Send to Back.To reproduce the button shapes on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw an oval.Select the oval. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 0.34”.In the Shape Width box, enter 0.34”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click More, and then click Light 1 Outline, Colored Fill – Dark 1 (third row, first option from the left).Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane. In the Fill pane, select Solid Fill. Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Olive Green, Accent 3, Lighter 80°(second row, seventh option from the left).Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer click Offset Bottom (first row, second option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 0%.In the Size box, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 8.5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90°.In the Distance box, enter 1 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the 3-D Format pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Art Deco (third row, fourth option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 5 pt, and in the Height box, enter 5 pt.UnderContour, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Size box, enter 3.5 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Standard click Matte (first row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left).On the slide, select the oval. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Position tab, do the following:In the Horizontal box, enter 2.98”.In the Vertical box, enter 1.5”.Select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate oval. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Position tab, do the following:In the Horizontal box, enter 3.52”.In the Vertical box, enter 2.98”. Repeat step 9 two more times, for a total of four ovals. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Position tab, do the following to position the third and fourth ovals:Select the third oval on the slide, and then enter 3.52” in theHorizontal box and 4.27” in the Vertical box.Select the fourth oval on the slide, and then enter 2.99” in theHorizontal box and 5.66” in the Vertical box.To reproduce the text on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box and select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following: In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 22.Click the arrow next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box.On the slide, drag the text box to the right of the first oval.Select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Click in the text box and edit the text. Drag the second text box to the right of the second oval.Repeat steps 5-7 to create the third and fourth text boxes, dragging them to the right of the third and fourth ovals. To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the rectangle group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Spin. Select the animation effect (spin effect for the rectangle group). Under Modify: Spin, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous. In the Amount list, in the Custom box, enter 123°,and then press ENTER. Also in the Amount list, clickCounterclockwise.In the Speedlist, select Fast. On the slide, select the first oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Change Fill Color. Select the second animation effect (change fill color effect for the first oval). Under Modify: Change Fill Color, do the following:In the Startlist, select After Previous. In the Fill Color list, click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 130, Green: 153, Blue: 117. In the Speedlist, select Very Fast.On the slide, select the first text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance,and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, clickFade. Select the third animation effect (fade effect for the first text box). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Speed list, select Very Fast. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the rectangle group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Spin. Select the fourth animation effect (spin effect for the rectangle group). Under Modify: Spin, do the following:In theStart list, selectOn Click. In the Amount list, in the Custom box, enter 22°, and then press ENTER. Also in the Amount list, click Clockwise.In the Speed list, select Very Fast.On the slide, select the second oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Change Fill Color. Select the fifth animation effect (change fill color effect for the second oval). Under Modify: Change Fill Color, do the following:In the Startlist, select After Previous. In the Fill Color list, click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 130, Green: 153, Blue: 117. In the Speedlist, select Very Fast.On the slide, select the second text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, clickFade. Select the sixth animation effect (fade effect for the second text box). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Speed list, select Very Fast. On the slide, select the third oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Change Fill Color. Select the seventh animation effect (change fill color effect for the third oval). Under Modify: Change Fill Color, do the following:In the Startlist, select After Previous. In the Fill Color list, click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 130, Green: 153, Blue: 117. In the Speedlist, select Very Fast.On the slide, select the third text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, clickFade. Select the eighth animation effect (fade effect for the third text box). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Speed list, select Very Fast. On the slide, select the fourth oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Change Fill Color. Select the ninth animation effect (change fill color effect for the fourth oval). Under Modify: Change Fill Color, do the following:In the Startlist, select After Previous. In the Fill Color list, click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 130, Green: 153, Blue: 117. In the Speedlist, select Very Fast.On the slide, select the fourth text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance,and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, clickFade. Select the 10th animation effect (fade effect for the fourth text box). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Speed list, select Very Fast.
  • Custom animation effects: object spins on end(Advanced)To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, and then select Solid fill in the Fill pane. Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).To reproduce the rectangle on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rounded Rectangle (second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rounded rectangle.Select the rectangle. Drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle to the left to decrease the amount of rounding on the corners. With the rounded rectangle still selected, under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 3.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 0.25”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane. In the Fill pane, select Solid fill, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left).Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer select Offset Bottom (first row, second option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 0%.In the Sizebox, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 8.5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90°.In the Distance box, enter 1 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane. In the 3-D Format pane, do the following:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 5 pt, and in the Height box, enter 5 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Standard clickMatte (first row, first option from the left).Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left).On the slide, select the rounded rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, do the following:Click the arrow next to Shape Fill, and then click No Fill.Click the arrow next to Shape Outline, and then click No Outline.Drag the second rectangle above the first rectangle until the lower edge overlays the top edge of the first rectangle. (Note: When the spinning animation effect is created later for these rectangles, the spin will center where the edges of the rectangles meet.)Press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align Selected Objects.Point to Align, and then click Align Center.Click Group. On the slide, drag the group until it is centered horizontally on the left edge of the slide (straddling the edge).On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide.Click Align Middle.To reproduce the dashed arc on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Arc (third row, 12th option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw an arc.Select the arc. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 7.5”.In the Shape Width box, enter 7.5”.With the arc still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline,and then do the following:Under Theme Colors, click White, Background 1, Darker 15% (third row, first option from the left).Point to Dashes, and then click Dash (fourth option from the top).On the slide, drag the yellow diamond adjustment handle on the right side of the arc to the bottom of the arc to create a half circle.Drag the arc until the yellow diamond adjustment handles are on the left edge of the slide.With the arc still selected, on the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide. Click Align Middle. To reproduce the half circle on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the arc. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate arc. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 3.33”.In the Shape Width box, enter 3.33”.With the second arc still selected, under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Fill, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the arrow next to Shape Outline,and then click No Outline.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click Shape Effects, point to Shadow, and then click ShadowOptions. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Inner click Inside Right (second row, third option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 86%.In the Blur box, enter 24 pt.In the Angle box, enter 315°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.On the slide, drag the second arc until the yellow diamond adjustment handles are on the left edge of the slide. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, and then do the following:Point to Align, and then click Align to Slide. Point to Align, and then click Align Middle. Click Send to Back.To reproduce the button shapes on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Basic Shapes click Oval (first row, second option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw an oval.Select the oval. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following:In the Shape Height box, enter 0.34”.In the Shape Width box, enter 0.34”.Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click More, and then click Light 1 Outline, Colored Fill – Dark 1 (third row, first option from the left).Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Shape Styles group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane. In the Fill pane, select Solid Fill. Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Olive Green, Accent 3, Lighter 80°(second row, seventh option from the left).Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Line Color in the left pane. In the Line Color pane, select No line. Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer click Offset Bottom (first row, second option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 0%.In the Size box, enter 100%.In the Blur box, enter 8.5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90°.In the Distance box, enter 1 pt.Also in the Format Shape dialog box, click 3-D Format in the left pane, and then do the following in the 3-D Format pane:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Art Deco (third row, fourth option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 5 pt, and in the Height box, enter 5 pt.UnderContour, click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). In the Size box, enter 3.5 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Material, and then under Standard click Matte (first row, first option from the left). Click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Soft (first row, third option from the left).On the slide, select the oval. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Position tab, do the following:In the Horizontal box, enter 2.98”.In the Vertical box, enter 1.5”.Select the oval. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Select the duplicate oval. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Position tab, do the following:In the Horizontal box, enter 3.52”.In the Vertical box, enter 2.98”. Repeat step 9 two more times, for a total of four ovals. Under Drawing Tools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the Size group, click the Size and Position dialog box launcher. In the Size and Position dialog box, on the Position tab, do the following to position the third and fourth ovals:Select the third oval on the slide, and then enter 3.52” in theHorizontal box and 4.27” in the Vertical box.Select the fourth oval on the slide, and then enter 2.99” in theHorizontal box and 5.66” in the Vertical box.To reproduce the text on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Text Box, and then on the slide, drag to draw the text box. Enter text in the text box and select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following: In the Font list, select Corbel.In the Font Size list, select 22.Click the arrow next to Font Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (sixth row, first option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Align Text Left to align the text left in the text box.On the slide, drag the text box to the right of the first oval.Select the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Click in the text box and edit the text. Drag the second text box to the right of the second oval.Repeat steps 5-7 to create the third and fourth text boxes, dragging them to the right of the third and fourth ovals. To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Custom Animation.On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the rectangle group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Spin. Select the animation effect (spin effect for the rectangle group). Under Modify: Spin, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous. In the Amount list, in the Custom box, enter 123°,and then press ENTER. Also in the Amount list, clickCounterclockwise.In the Speedlist, select Fast. On the slide, select the first oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Change Fill Color. Select the second animation effect (change fill color effect for the first oval). Under Modify: Change Fill Color, do the following:In the Startlist, select After Previous. In the Fill Color list, click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 130, Green: 153, Blue: 117. In the Speedlist, select Very Fast.On the slide, select the first text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance,and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, clickFade. Select the third animation effect (fade effect for the first text box). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Speed list, select Very Fast. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the rectangle group. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Spin. Select the fourth animation effect (spin effect for the rectangle group). Under Modify: Spin, do the following:In theStart list, selectOn Click. In the Amount list, in the Custom box, enter 22°, and then press ENTER. Also in the Amount list, click Clockwise.In the Speed list, select Very Fast.On the slide, select the second oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Change Fill Color. Select the fifth animation effect (change fill color effect for the second oval). Under Modify: Change Fill Color, do the following:In the Startlist, select After Previous. In the Fill Color list, click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 130, Green: 153, Blue: 117. In the Speedlist, select Very Fast.On the slide, select the second text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, clickFade. Select the sixth animation effect (fade effect for the second text box). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Speed list, select Very Fast. On the slide, select the third oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Change Fill Color. Select the seventh animation effect (change fill color effect for the third oval). Under Modify: Change Fill Color, do the following:In the Startlist, select After Previous. In the Fill Color list, click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 130, Green: 153, Blue: 117. In the Speedlist, select Very Fast.On the slide, select the third text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, clickFade. Select the eighth animation effect (fade effect for the third text box). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Speed list, select Very Fast. On the slide, select the fourth oval. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Emphasis, and then click More Effects. In the Add Emphasis Effect dialog box, under Basic, click Change Fill Color. Select the ninth animation effect (change fill color effect for the fourth oval). Under Modify: Change Fill Color, do the following:In the Startlist, select After Previous. In the Fill Color list, click More Colors. In the Colors dialog box, on the Custom tab, enter values for Red: 130, Green: 153, Blue: 117. In the Speedlist, select Very Fast.On the slide, select the fourth text box. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click Add Effect, point to Entrance,and then click More Effects. In the Add Entrance Effect dialog box, under Subtle, clickFade. Select the 10th animation effect (fade effect for the fourth text box). Under Modify: Fade, do the following:In theStart list, selectWith Previous.In the Speed list, select Very Fast.
  • Custom animation effects: rotating tubes with text(Intermediate)To reproduce the first shape effect on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in theSlides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle.Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the ShapeHeight box, enter 0.75”.In the ShapeWidth box, enter 7.42”.Drag the rectangle above the middle of the slide, and then align the right edge with the right edge of the slide.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeEffects, point to Reflection, and then under ReflectionVariations click TightReflection, touching.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the Format Shape dialog box launcher. In the Format Shape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.In the Direction list, select LinearUp (second row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until four stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColorsclick Blue, Accent 1, Lighter 40%(fourth row, fifth option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 26%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColorsclick White, Background 1, Darker 5% (second row, first option from the left).Select Stop 3 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 80%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColorsclick Black, Text 1, Lighter 50% (second row, second option from the left).Select Stop 4 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under ThemeColorsclick White, Background 1, Darker 35% (fifthrow, first option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click LineColor in the left pane. In the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer click OffsetCenter, and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 60%.In the Size box, enter 102%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 0°In the Distance box, enter 0 pt.On the slide, select the rectangle. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.Select the second, duplicate rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the ShapeStyles group, click ShapeEffects, point to Reflection, and then click NoReflection.On the Home tab, in the bottom right corner of the Drawing group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, click Fill in the left pane. In the Fill pane, click the button next to Direction, and then click LinearDown (first row, second option from the left).Also in the FormatShape dialog box, click Shadow in the left pane. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, and then under NoShadow click NoShadow.On the slide, drag the second rectangle until it is directly on top of the first rectangle.On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.In the Selection and Visibility pane, press and hold CTRL, and then select both rectangles. On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align Selected Objects.Click Align Center.Click Align Middle. To reproduce the first text effect on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click TextBox. On the slide, drag to draw a text box.Enter the first line of text on the slide, and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select Trebuchet MS.In the FontSize box, enter 26.Click Bold.Click the arrow next to FontColor, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 25% (fourth row, second option from the left).On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click AlignTextLeft to align the text left in the text box.On the slide, select the text box. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the WordArtStyles group, click TextEffects, point to Shadow, and then click ShadowOptions. In the FormatTextEffects dialog box, in the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Inner click Inside Diagonal Bottom Left (third row, first option from the left), and then do the following:Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).In the Transparency box, enter 21%.In the Blur box, enter 5 pt.In the Angle box, enter 90°.In the Distance box, enter 4 pt.On the slide, drag the text box onto the second (top) rectangle. To animate the first shape and text effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation. In the Selection and Visibilitypane, select the third object in the list (the first rectangle you created). In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Ascend.Select the animation effect (ascend effect for the first rectangle). Under Modify: Ascend,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Speed list, select Fast.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the second object in the list (the second rectangle you created). In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Subtle, click Fade.Select the second animation effect (fade effect for the second rectangle). Under Modify: Fade,do the following:In the Start list, select AfterPrevious.In the Speed list, select Fast.In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the first object in the list (text box). In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to Entrance, and then click MoreEffects. In the AddEntranceEffect dialog box, under Moderate, click Stretch.Select the third animation effect (stretch effect for the text box). Under Modify: Stretch,do the following:In the Start list, select WithPrevious.In the Direction list, select FromTop.In the Speed list, select Fast.To reproduce the other animated shapes and text on this slide, do the following:Press and hold CTRL, and then in the Selection and Visibility pane, select the two rectangles and the text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. With the second group of objects still selected on the slide, drag them under the first group of objects, aligning the right edge of the rectangles with the right edge of the slide.With the second group of objects still selected on the slide, on the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate.With the third group of objects still selected on the slide, drag them under the second group of objects, aligning the right edge of the rectangles with the right edge of the slide.Click in the second and third duplicate text boxes and edit the text.To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Radial.Click the button next to Direction, and then click From Center (third option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 0%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1, Darker 50% (fifth row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click Black, Text 1, Lighter 5% (fifth row, second option from the left).
  • Custom animation effects: moving binder tabs(Intermediate)Tip: You will need to use drawing guides to position the shapes and text on the slide. To display and set the drawing guides, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, and then click Blank.Right-click the slide background area, and then click Grid and Guides.In the Grid and Guides dialog box, underGuidesettings, select Display drawing guides on screen. (Note: One horizontal and one vertical guide will display on the slide at 0.00, the default position. As you drag the guides, the cursor will display the new position.) On the slide, do the following:Press and hold CTRL, select the vertical guide, and then drag it left to the 3.50 position.Press and hold CTRL, select the vertical guide, and then drag it left to the 1.75 position.Press and hold CTRL, select the vertical guide, and then drag it right to the 1.75 position.Press and hold CTRL, select the vertical guide, and then drag it right to the 3.50 position.To reproduce the long, thin rectangle on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Rectangle (first option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rectangle. Select the rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the ShapeHeight box, enter 0.05”.In the ShapeWidth box, enter 10”.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, in the left pane, click LineColor. In the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, in the left pane, click Shadow. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer click OffsetBottom (first row, second option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 68%.In the Blur box, enter 3.5 pt.In the Distance box, enter 2.2 pt.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, in the left pane, click 3-D Format. In the 3-D Format pane, do the following:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 15 pt,and in the Height box, enter 3 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Balance (first row, second option from the left). In the Angle box, enter 145°. On the slide, drag the rectangle about 0.25” above the 0.00 horizontal drawing guide. (Note: To view the ruler, on the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, select Ruler.)On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Arrange, point to Align, and then do the following:Click Align to Slide. Click AlignCenter.To reproduce the tab (rounded rectangle) on this slide, do the following:On the Home tab, in the Drawing group, click Shapes, and then under Rectangles click Round Same Side Corner Rectangle (eighth option from the left). On the slide, drag to draw a rounded rectangle. On the slide, select the rounded rectangle. Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the Size group, do the following: In the ShapeHeight box, enter 0.58”.In the ShapeWidth box, enter 1.33”.Under DrawingTools, on the Format tab, in the bottom right corner of the ShapeStyles group, click the FormatShape dialog box launcher. In the FormatShape dialog box, in the left pane, click LineColor. In the LineColor pane, select Noline.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, in the left pane, click Shadow. In the Shadow pane, click the button next to Presets, under Outer click OffsetBottom (first row, second option from the left), and then do the following:In the Transparency box, enter 68%.In the Blur box, enter 3.5 pt.In the Distance box, enter 2.2 pt.Also in the FormatShape dialog box, in the left pane, click 3-D Format. In the 3-D Format pane, do the following:Under Bevel, click the button next to Top, and then under Bevel click Circle (first row, first option from the left). Next to Top, in the Width box, enter 4 pt,and in the Height box, enter 4 pt.Under Surface, click the button next to Lighting, and then under Neutral click Balance (first row, second option from the left). In the Angle box, enter 145°. On the slide, drag the rounded rectangle until the bottom edge touches the top edge of the long, thin rectangle and it is centered on the 3.50 left vertical drawing guide.To reproduce the first text box on this slide, do the following:On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click TextBox. On the slide, drag to draw a text box. Enter TAB ONE,and then select the text. On the Home tab, in the Font group, do the following:In the Font list, select TW Cen MT Condensed.In the FontSize box, enter 22 pt. On the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, click Center to center the text in the text box.On the slide, drag the text box onto the rounded rectangle until the bottom edge of the text is 1” above the 0.00 horizontal drawing guide and it is centered on the 3.50 left vertical drawing guide.To reproduce the other text boxes on this slide, do the following:On the slide, select the first text box. On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, click the arrow under Paste, and then click Duplicate. Repeat this process three more times for a total of five text boxes.Click in one of the duplicate text boxes, delete TAB ONE, and then enter TAB TWO. Drag the second text box until the bottom edge of the text is 1” above the 0.00 horizontal drawing guide and it is centered on the 1.75 left vertical drawing guide.Click in another duplicate text box, delete TAB ONE, and then enter TAB THREE.Drag the third text box until the bottom edge of the text is 1” above the 0.00 horizontal drawing guide and it is centered on the 0.00 vertical drawing guide. Click in another duplicate text box, delete TAB ONE, and then enter TAB FOUR.Drag the fourth text box until the bottom edge of the text is 1” above the 0.00 horizontal drawing guide and it is centered on the 1.75 right vertical drawing guide.Click in the last duplicate text box, delete TAB ONE, and then enter TAB FIVE.Drag the fifth text box until the bottom edge of the text is 1” above the 0.00 horizontal drawing guide and it is centered on the 3.50 right vertical drawing guide.Select the text in the first text box. On the Home tab, in the Font group, click the arrow next to Font Color, and then under ThemeColors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left). Repeat this process for each of the other text boxes. To reproduce the animation effects on this slide, do the following:On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click CustomAnimation. On the Home tab, in the Editing group, click Select, and then click Selection Pane.In the Selection and Visibilitypane, select the rounded rectangle (“Round Same Side Corner Rectangle” object). In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to MotionPaths, and then click Right. Select the first animation effect (right motion path for the rounded rectangle).On the slide, point to the endpoint (red arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the endpoint to the 1.75 left vertical drawing guide. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the rounded rectangle again. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to MotionPaths, and then click Right. Select the second animation effect (right motion path for the rounded rectangle).On the slide, point to the endpoint (red arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the endpoint to the 0.00 vertical drawing guide. On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the 1.75 left vertical drawing guide. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the rounded rectangle again. In the CustomAnimation task pane, do the following:Click AddEffect, point to MotionPaths, and then click Right. Select the third animation effect (right motion path for the rounded rectangle). On the slide, point to the endpoint (red arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the endpoint to the 1.75 right vertical drawing guide. On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the 0.00 vertical drawing guide. In the Selection and Visibility pane, select the rounded rectangle again. In the CustomAnimation task pane, , do the following:Click AddEffect, point to MotionPaths, and then click Right. Select the fourth animation effect (right motion path for the rounded rectangle).On the slide, point to the endpoint (red arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the endpoint to the 3.50 right vertical drawing guide. On the slide, point to the starting point (green arrow) of the selected motion path until the cursor becomes a two-headed arrow. Press and hold SHIFT, and then drag the starting point to the 1.75 right vertical drawing guide. On the View tab, in the Show/Hide group, clear Ruler.Right-click the slide background area, and then click Grid and Guides. In the Grid and Guides dialog box, under Guide settings, clear Display drawing guides on screen. To reproduce the background effects on this slide, do the following:Right-click the slide background area, and then click Format Background. In the Format Background dialog box, click Fill in the left pane, select Gradient fill in the Fill pane, and then do the following:In the Type list, select Linear.Click the button next to Direction, and then click Linear Up (second row, second option from the left).Under Gradient stops, click Add or Remove until two stops appear in the drop-down list.Also under Gradient stops, customize the gradient stops that you added as follows:Select Stop 1 from the list, and then do the following:In the Stop position box, enter 65%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors click White, Background 1 (first row, first option from the left).Select Stop 2 from the list, and then do the following: In the Stop position box, enter 100%.Click the button next to Color, and then under Theme Colors clickBlue, Accent 1, Lighter 60% (third row, fifth option from the left).
  • Dbms presentation

    1. 1.  Data-Retrieval Facility Mapping of Hierarchies to Files Update Facility Virtual Records Hierarchical  The IMS Database Model  Basic Concepts System  Tree-Structure Diagrams
    2. 2. Basic Concepts • A hierarchical database consists of a collection of records which are connected to one another through links.One • A record is a collection of fields, each of which contains only one data value.TwoThre • A link is an association between precisely two records e • The hierarchical model differs from the network model in that the records are organized as collections of trees rather than as arbitrary graphs.Four
    3. 3. Tree-Structure Diagrams The schema for a hierarchical database consists of • boxes, which correspond to record types • lines, which correspond to linksRecord types are organized in the form of a rooted tree • No cycles in the underlying graph. • Relationships formed in the graph must be such that only one-to-many or one-to-one relationships exist between a parent and a child
    4. 4. General StructureA parent may have an arrow pointing to a child, but a child must have anarrow pointing to its parent.
    5. 5. When transforming E-R Database schema is diagrams to corresponding represented as a tree-structure diagrams, we collection of tree- must ensure that the structure diagrams. resulting diagrams are in the form of rooted trees. The children of that node are actualsingle instance of a The root of this tree instances of the database tree is a dummy node appropriate record type
    6. 6. Single relationships (Cont.)
    7. 7. Only one-to-many and one-to-one relationships can bedirectly represented in the hierarchical mode.If the relationship depositor is one to one, then the link depositor hastwo arrows.
    8. 8. Transforming Many- -Many RelationshipsMust consider the type of In all versions of thisqueries expected and the transformation, the degree to which the underlying databasedatabase schema fits the tree (or trees) will given E-R diagram. have replicated records.
    9. 9. Many-To Many Relationships
    10. 10. Create two tree-structure diagrams, T1, with the root customer, and T2, with the root account. In T1, create depositor, a many-to-one link from account to customer. In T2, create account-customer,a many-to-one link from customer to account.
    11. 11. General Relationships• Example ternary E-R diagram and corresponding tree-structure diagrams are shown on the following page.
    12. 12. Sample Ternary Databases
    13. 13. Several Relationship• To correctly transform an E-R diagram with several relationships, split the unrooted tree structure diagrams into several diagrams, each of which is a rooted tree.• Example E-R diagram and transformation leading to diagram that is not a rooted tree:
    14. 14. Corresponding diagrams in the form of rooted trees.
    15. 15. • Diagram (b) contains a cycle.• Replicate all three record types, and create two separate diagrams.
    16. 16. Each diagram is now a rooted tree .
    17. 17. DataRetrieval Facility
    18. 18. We present querying of hierarchical databasesvia a simplified version of DL/I, the data-manipulation language of IMS. Example schema: customer-account-branch A branch can have several customers, each of which can have several accountsAn account may belong to only one customer, anda customer can belong to only one branch.
    19. 19. Example Schema
    20. 20. The get Command State of the program work area afterData items are retrieved through the executing get command to locate the get command customer record belonging to The get Freeman command locates a record in the must The currency pointer points now to database and sets the specify the record of Freeman. currency pointer to point to which of the it database trees is to The information pertaining to be Freeman is copied into the customer record work-area template. searched. copies that record from the database to the appropriate program work-area template DB-status is set to the value 0.
    21. 21. Example Queries Print an account belongingPrint the address of to Fleming that has acustomer Fleming: balance greater than $10,000. get first account get first customer where where customer.customer-name = customer.customer-name = “Fleming”; “Fleming”; and print account.balance > 10000; (customer.customer-address); if DB-status = 0 then print (account.account-number);
    22. 22. Various mechanisms are available for updating informationin the databaseCreation and deletion of records(via the insert and delete operations).Modification (via the replace operation) of the content ofexisting records
    23. 23. Modification of a Record Record Creation an Existing Deletion New RecordsTAB ONE TAB TWO TAB THREE TAB FOUR TAB FIVE As•a Add a new customer, Jackson, to the Seashoreto Northview: • record modification, the get command mustbranch: attribute hold attached to Change the street address of Boyd have the it. Example: Delete account A-561: customer.customer-name := “Jackson”; get hold firstaccount get hold first customer := “Old Road”; customer.customer-street where account.account-number = “A-561”; = “Boyd”; where customer.customer-name customer.customer-city := “Queens”; delete; customer.customer-street := “Northview”; insert customer A delete operation deletes not only branch.branch-name = but also the entire replace; where the record in question, “Seashore”; subtree rooted by that record. Thus, to delete customer Boyd and all his accounts, • Create a new account numbered A-655 that belongs to customer “Jackson”; • If there were more than one record containing Boyd’s address, we write the program account.account-number a:= “A-655”; would have included loop to search all Boyd get gold first customer account.balance := 100; where customer.customer-name = “Boyd”; records. insert account delete; where customer.customer-name = “Jackson”;
    24. 24. Virtual Records
    25. 25. Let R be a record typeFor many-to-many When a record is to Virtual record — be replicated in that is replicated inrelationships, record T1, T2, . . ., Tn. Createreplication is contains no data several database value, only a logical a new virtual recordnecessary to preserve trees, a single copy of pointer to a type virtual-R andthe tree-structure that record is kept in replace R in each oforganization of the particular physical one of the trees and thedatabase. record. all other records are n – 1 trees with a• Data inconsistency may replaced with a record of type virtual- result when updating virtual record. takes place R.• Waste of space is unavoidable
    26. 26. Hierarchies to Files
    27. 27. Implementation with parent-child pointers
    28. 28. Implementation with leftmost child and next-sibling pointers
    29. 29. In general, the final child of a parent has no next sibling; rather than setting the next-sibling filed to null, place a pointer (or preorder thread) that points to the next record in preorder.Using preorder threads allows us to process a tree instance in preorder simply by following pointers. .… …
    30. 30. May add a Third child-to-parent pointer which facilitates the processing of queries that give a value for a child record and request a value from the corresponding parent record. iThe parent-ch ld relationship within a hierarchy is analogous to theowner-member relationship within a DBTG set. A one-to-many relationship is being represented. g Store to ether the members and the owners of a set occurrence. e Stor physically close on disk the child records and their parent. r Such sto age allows a sequence of get first, get next, and get next within parent statements to e executed with a minimal number of block accesses.
    31. 31. IBM Information Management System — first developed in the late 1960s; historically among the largest databases.Issue queries through embedded calls which are part of the IMS database language DL/I.Allows the database designer a broad number of options in the data- definition language.  Designer defines a physically hierarchy as the database schema.  Can define several sub schemas (or view) by constructing a logical hierarchy from the record types constituting the schema.  Options such as block sizes, special pointer fields, and so on, allow the database administrator to tune the system.
    32. 32. Record Access Schemes Hierarchical sequential-access method (HSAM) — used for physically sequential files (such as tape files). Records are stored physically in preorder. Hierarchical indexed-sequential-access method (HISAM) — an index-sequential organization at the root level of the hierarchy. Hierarchical indexed-direct-access method (HIDAM) — index organization at the root level with pointers to child records. Hierarchical direct-access method (HDAM) — similar to HIDAM, but with hashed access at the root level.
    33. 33. IMS Concurrency ControlEarly versions handled concurrency control by permitting only one update application program to run at a time. Read-only applications could run concurrent with updates.Later versions included a program-isolation feature  Allowed for improved concurrency control  Offered more sophisticated transaction-recovery techniques (such as logging); important to online transactions.The need for high-performance transaction processing led to the introduction of IMS Fast Path.
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