Week Five Sld Characteristics

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  • 1. CHARACTERISTICS OF STUDENTS WITH MILD/MODERATE INTERVENTION NEEDS SPED 4/53050 INSTRUCTOR: BRIAN FRIEDT Week five: Characteristics of SLD
  • 2. Historical context
    • Category itself is comparatively new
      • This (along with less social stigma) might account for larger identification rates
    • Some brain/psychological connection
    • Traditional focus on language processing
  • 3. Definitional clarity
    • Unexpected underachievement
    • Does not achieve commensurate with age or ability
    • A discrepancy between expected and actual achievement
      • Measurement difficulty
      • No longer a requirement for qualification
      • Still the best way to conceptualize term to others
    • Failure to respond to interventions
      • Recent development in law
      • Probably better for screening
  • 4. Early childhood
    • Precursors to SLD might be present
      • Gross/fine motor
      • Auditory/visual/linguistic processing
      • Attention
    • Indicators of future difficulty
      • Reading
      • Social development
    • EARLY INTERVENTION
  • 5. School age
    • Labels
      • Dyslexia, dysgraphia, dyscalculia...
      • Largely medical terms
      • What matters in schools is the manifestation of the disability
      • As educators, we need to know impact on instruction
    • Impact of disability across these domains:
      • Reading
      • Writing
      • Math
      • Metacognitive processes
      • Social skills
  • 6. Reading
    • Phonemic awareness/phonological awareness
      • Segmentation (how many?)
      • Isolation (first sound?)
      • Blending (put together?)
      • Identity (same sound?)
      • Categorization (does not belong?)
      • Rhyming
      • Deletion (take out a sound?)
    • Phonemic awareness -> decoding -> comprehension
  • 7. Reading
    • Automaticity
    • Rate
    • Fluency
    • Comprehension
  • 8. Writing
    • Organization
    • Content
    • Spelling, grammar, usage...
  • 9. Math
    • Calculation
      • PE
      • MD
      • AS
    • Application
  • 10. Metacognition
    • Working memory
    • Executive control
    • Motivation
    • Attention
  • 11. Social behavior
    • More likely to have social skill deficits
    • NPR piece
  • 12. High school/post-secondary
    • Testing accommodations
    • Self-advocacy
  • 13. Identification/instruction (brief)
    • More on this later!