Week two--sped 23000


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Week two--sped 23000

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO EXCEPTIONALITIES SPED 23000 INSTRUCTOR: BRIAN FRIEDT Week two: Exceptionality: Context, history, law
  2. 2. Disability, handicap, inability <ul><li>Disability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An inability to do something; specifically an inability to do something that most people can (not situation dependent) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Handicap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A disadvantage imposed on an individual (situation dependent) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The vast majority of students with disabilities are more like their typically developing peers than they are unlike. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Disability, handicap, inability <ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A student with cerebral palsy uses a walker (disability) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A school has ramps and elevators (no handicap) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A restaurant has no ramps (handicap) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A student with a learning disability has difficulty with fill in the blank items on a test (disability and handicap) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word bank is provided (no handicap) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. People first language <ul><li>Student with a disability </li></ul><ul><li>- not- </li></ul><ul><li>Disabled student </li></ul>
  5. 5. Special education <ul><li>Special education is specially designed instruction that meets the needs of exceptional students. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special teaching methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Related services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ohio’s definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special education means specially designed instruction, at no cost to the parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability, including: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(a) Instruction conducted in the classroom, in the home, in hospitals and institutions, and in other settings; and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(b) Instruction in physical education. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Special education <ul><li>Special education is a service, not a place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A student with a learning disability needs a preview of math concepts before a new chapter . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>That preview is a service that could be provided in a variety of places. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A student with an emotional or behavioral disorder needs a token economy to maintain school-appropriate behavior. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The token economy is a service that could be provided in a variety of settings. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A student with a cognitive disability needs modified instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The modified instruction is a service that could be provided in a variety of settings. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Disability categories <ul><li>Child with a disability means a child evaluated as having </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mental retardation (cognitive disability in Ohio) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hearing impairment (including deafness) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>speech or language impairment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>visual impairment (including blindness) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>serious emotional disturbance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>orthopedic impairment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>autism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>traumatic brain injury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>other health impairment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>specific learning disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>deaf-blindness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>multiple disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>and by reason thereof, needs special education and related services. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Prevalence
  9. 9. Continuum of Services Full PowerPoint available here
  10. 10. Placement
  11. 11. Super important terms <ul><li>FAPE – free appropriate public education </li></ul><ul><li>MFE – multi-factored evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>ETR – evaluation team report </li></ul><ul><li>IEP – individualized education plan (see PDF) </li></ul><ul><li>IFSP – individualized family service plan (pre-K) </li></ul><ul><li>LRE – least restrictive environment </li></ul><ul><li>Most (if not all of these) come from IDEA </li></ul><ul><li>Laws reflect need for laws </li></ul>
  12. 12. IEP <ul><li>Document drives special education services </li></ul><ul><li>Required team members: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special education teacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General education teacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>District representative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Present levels of performance -> needs -> goals </li></ul>
  13. 13. The text! <ul><li>P. 19 – expectations for educators </li></ul><ul><li>P. 25 – foundations of special education (italicized list) </li></ul><ul><li>P. 24 – history and origins </li></ul><ul><li>P. 28 - Legislation </li></ul>