The Catacomb of Priscilla contains a fresco that portrays Christ as the Good Sheperd concerned with the well-being of his flock. His form is based on Roman-Greco models: youthful, clothed. Resembles a young Apollo.
At the end of the circle, lunettes [semicircles] contain scenes from the Old Testament, like the story of Jonah. To Christians, Jonah is a prefiguration of Christ and therefore important in Christian art.
The mosaic depicts the miracle of loaves and fishes, figures appear to be floating just above the horizon. The golden background limits the depth of the scene and creates a more spiritual feel, marking the beginning of the Byzantine style.
The Barberini Ivory shows Justinian as a world conqueror. The ivory plaque was carved in five parts and illustrates how early Byzantine art borrowed symbols from Classical antiquity. The interest in naturalism reflects the values of Classical art.
The Barberini Ivory replaced pagan deities with Christ surrounded by two angels.
The minaret is a tower and an important part of a mosque complex.
Qibla wall of the mosque points the faithful in the direction of the Mecca. Part of the prayer hall, which was often designed as a hypostyle [a row of columns]. The Qibla wall contains a niche called a mihrab.
Saint Michael’s doors are cast as a single piece from bronze containing eight panels on each door with figures carved in relief. Each panel corresponds with the one across from it – The Old Testament Scenes [left] prefigure the New Testament themes on the right.
The cathedral complex at Pisa have a marble incrustation incorporated into the exterior design. Pisa’s baptistery is unusual for its time as it is separate.
Also contains Gothic-style tracery (stone ornamentation) on the exterior of the building.
The campanile, or Leaning Tower of Pisa, shows a regional difference in Romanesque architecture as it is a separate bell tower from the main building. In France, bell towers were usually placed over the crossing square.
The Bayeux Tapestry is a length of linen cloth embroidered with wool thread and recounts the conquest of the Anglo-Saxons in England. Similar style to the Romanesque illuminated manuscripts. Example of a continuous narration – a medieval storytelling technique.
German Gothic sculpture is known for depicting emotional scenes and human qualities and for its independence from the architecture in high relief or in the round, only connect by a pedestal and canopy. Death of the Virgin on the tympanum of the south portal of Strasbourg Cathedral demonstrates a mournful scene.