T E N S E S

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T E N S E S

  1. 1. TENSES Naming Tenses 1. Simple Present Tense 2. Simple Past Tense 3. Present Future Tense 4. Present Perfect Tense 5. Present Continuous Tense 6. Past Future Tense 7. Past Perfect Tense 8. Past Continuous Tense 9. Present Future Perfect Tense 10. Present Future Continuous Tense 11. Present Perfect Continuous Tense 12. Present Future perfect Continuous Tense 13. Past Future Perfect Tense 14. Past Future Continuous Tense 15. Past Perfect Continuous Tense 16. Past Future perfect Continuous Tense
  2. 2. Kinds of Verb  Verbal Verb: By Act (Regular and Irregular verb Except Be)  Nominal Verb: be (is, am, are/ was, were/ been/being a. The meaning in Indonesia is= ada, adalah dan berada. b. to show noun, adjective and adverb S+Nominal (Any tense)+N/Adj/Adv 1. He is a Doctor 2. He is sick 3. He is not here
  3. 3. Nominal Verb V1 V2 V3 Ving Is was Am - been being Are were (be)
  4. 4. Formulation of Tenses (S + P + O + Adv) Verbal 1. S + V1 (s/es) + O 2. S + V2 + O 3. S + shall/will + V1 + O 4. S + have/has + V3 + O 5. S + is, am, are + Ving + O 6. S + should/would + V1 + O 7. S + had + V3 + O 8. S + was, were + Ving + O 9. S + shall/will + have + V3 + O 10.S + shall/will + be + Ving + O 11.S + have/has + been + Ving + O 12.S + shall/will + have + been + Ving + O 13.S + should/would + have + V3 + O 14.S + should/would + be + Ving +O 15.S + had + been + Ving + O 16.S + should/would + have + been + Ving + O Nominal 1. S + is am are + N/Adj/Adv 2. S + was, were + N/Adj/Adv 3. S + shall/will + be+ N/Adj/Adv 4. S + have/has + been + N/Adj/Adv 5. S + is, am, are + being + N/Adj/Adv 6. S + should/would + be + N/Adj/Adv 7. S + had + been + N/Adj/Adv 8. S + was, were + being + N/Adj/Adv 9. S + shall/will + have + been + N/Adj/Adv 10. S + shall/will + be + being + C 11. S + have/has + been + being + C 12. S + shall/will + have + been + being + C 13. S + should/would + have + been + N/Adj/Adv 14. S + should/would + be + being +C 15. S + had + been + being + C 16. S + should/would + have + been + being + C Be – being Been - being
  5. 5. POSITIVE SENTENCE Verbal Verb Go went gone going 1. I go 2. I went 3. I shall go 4. I have gone 5. I am going 6. I should go 7. I had gone 8. I was going 9. I shall have gone 10. I shall be going 11. I have been going 12. I shall have been going 13. I should have gone 14. I should be going 15. I had been going 16. I should have been going
  6. 6. NEGATIVE SENTENCE Verbal Verb Negative is coded by adding NOT after the First Auxiliary 1. I do not go 2. I did not go 3. I shall not go 4. I have not gone 5. I am not going 6. I should not go 7. I had not gone 8. I was not going 9. I shall not have gone 10. I shall not be going 11. I have not been going 12. I shall not have been going 13. I should not have gone 14. I should not be going 15. I had not been going 16. I should not have been going
  7. 7. INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE Verbal Verb The exchanges of position between Subject and The First Auxiliary, and added by Question mark (?) at last 1. Do you go? 2. Did you go? 3. Will you go? 4. Have you gone? 5. Are you going? 6. Would you go? 7. Had you gone? 8. Were you going? 9. Will you have gone? 10. Will you be going? 11. Have you been going? 12. Will you have been going? 13. Would you have gone ? 14. Would you be going ? 15. Had you been going? 16. Would you have been going?
  8. 8. Yes/No Answer Form Yes, S + Aux (any Tense) No, S + Aux (any Tense) + not In conclusion, the first Auxiliary is very sensitive affected by any kinds of sentence
  9. 9. POSITIVE SENTENCE Nominal Verb Beside you (Adverb) 1. I am beside you 2. I was beside you 3. I shall be beside you 4. I have been beside you 5. I am being beside you 6. I should be beside you 7. I had been beside you 8. I was being beside you 9. I shall have been beside you 10. I shall be being beside you 11. I have been being beside you 12. I shall have been being beside you 13. I should have been beside you 14. I should be going 15. I had been going 16. I should have been going
  10. 10. NEGATIVE SENTENCE Nominal Verb Beside you (Adverb) 1. I am not beside you 2. I was not beside you 3. I shall not be beside you 4. I have not been beside you 5. I am not being beside you 6. I should not be beside you 7. I had not been beside you 8. I was not being beside you 9. I shall not have been beside you 10. I should not have been beside you
  11. 11. INTERROGATIVE SENTENCE Nominal Verb The exchanges of position between Subject and the First Auxiliary, and added by Question mark (?) at last Beside you (Adverb) 1. Are you beside me? 2. Were you beside me? 3. Will you be beside me? 4. Have you been beside me? 5. Are you being beside me? 6. Would you be beside me? 7. Had you been beside me? 8. Were you being beside me? 9. Will you have been beside me? 10. Would you have been beside me?
  12. 12. Yes/No Answer Form Yes, S + Aux (any Tense) No, S + Aux (any Tense) + not In conclusion, the first Auxiliary is very sensitive affected by any kinds of sentence

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