<ul><ul><li>Buddhism is a way of life that focuses on personal spiritual </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Development. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhists strive for a deep insight into the true nature of life and don’t worship gods or deities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhism teaches that all life is interconnected, so compassion is natural and important. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhism is 2,500 years old. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are currently 376 million followers worldwide. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhism arose as a result of Siddhartha Gautama's quest for Enlightenment in around the 6th Century BCE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no belief in a personal God. It is not centred on the relationship between humanity and God. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buddhists believe that nothing is fixed or permanent - change is always possible. </li></ul></ul>
More information: The path to the Enlightenment <ul><li>The path to Enlightenment is through the practice and development of </li></ul><ul><li>morality, meditation and wisdom. Meditation involves the body and the mind. For Buddhists this is particularly important as they want to avoid what they call 'duality' and so their way of meditating must involve the body and the mind as a single entity. Meditation is a way of taking control of the mind so that it becomes peaceful and focused, and the meditator becomes more aware. The purpose of meditation is to stop the mind rushing about in an aimless (or even a purposeful) stream of thoughts. They pray using mantras. A mantra is a word, a syllable, a phrase or a short prayer that is spoken once or repeated over and over again (either aloud or in a person's head) and that is thought to have a profound spiritual effect on the person. </li></ul>
Rebirth <ul><li>For Buddhists, karma has implications beyond this life. Bad actions in a previous life can follow a person into their next life and cause bad effects (which Westerners are more likely to interpret as 'bad luck'). </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhists try to cultivate good karma and avoid bad. However, the aim of Buddhism is to escape the cycle of rebirth altogether, not simply to acquire good karma and so to be born into a more pleasant state. These states, while preferable to human life, are impermanent: even gods eventually die. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Hinduism is the religion of the majority of people in India and Nepal. </li></ul><ul><li>It also exists among significant populations outside of the sub continent and has over 900 million adherents worldwide. </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism is the oldest living religion in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike most other religions, Hinduism hasn’t an only founder. </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism originated around the Indus Valley near the River Indus in modern day Pakistan. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindus believe that existence is a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, governed by Karma. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindus believe that the soul passes through a cycle of successive lives and its next incarnation is always dependent on how the previous life was lived. </li></ul><ul><li>The main Hindu texts are the Vedas. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindus celebrate many holy days, but the Festival of Lights, Diwali is the best known. </li></ul>
More information: Karma <ul><li>karma is a metaphysical energy (invisible and immeasurable) that derives from the acts of individuals. Each of the incarnations would be conditioned by the actions committed in previous lives. Generally, the karma is interpreted as a "law" cosmic retribution, or cause and effect. </li></ul><ul><li>The karma is opposed to the doctrines Abrahamic (Judaism, Christianity and Islam). Karma explains the human dramas as the reaction to good or bad deeds done in the past. According to Hinduism, the corresponding reaction is generated by the god Iama, while in Buddhism and yainismo this reaction is generated as a law of nature. In the Indian beliefs, the effects of karma of all the facts are seen as actively changing experiences in the past, present and future. </li></ul><ul><li>Under this doctrine, people are free to choose between doing good and evil, but must assume the consequences. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Shinto is a Japan’s religion which involves the worships of kami or spirits of nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently, Shinto is the second biggest religion of Japan behind the Japanese Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>General information: </li></ul><ul><li>-Sacred text: Nihongi and Kojiki </li></ul><ul><li>-More than 110.000 temples </li></ul><ul><li>-About 4 million followers </li></ul><ul><li>-Polytheism </li></ul><ul><li>-Symbol: Tori </li></ul>
Types of Shinto: <ul><li>The differents types of Shinto have got relationship to each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Koshitsu Shinto (Shinto of the Imperial House) It is a general term for a ritual performed by the emperor to pray to the gods at whose center is Amaterasu Ohmikami imperial ancestral deities, and for the long and prosperous existence of the state, people's happiness and world peace. </li></ul><ul><li>Jinja Shinto (Shrine Shinto): is the worship of gods in temples . It is considered the original form of religion and its origins date was in prehistory. It is the largest sect of Shinto with more than 80,000 temples </li></ul><ul><li>Shuh Shinto (Shinto Sects): is a group of believers in Shinto religion that individual activities began before 1868 and after 1882 when Shinto shrines were separated from other religious rites and festivals such as State-led </li></ul>
Rituals and Practices: <ul><li>Each shrine is dedicated to a specific Kami who has a divine personality and responds to sincere prayers of the faithful. When you pass through a Tori, a special door for the gods, it marks the transition between the finite world and the infinite world of the gods. </li></ul><ul><li>In the past, believers practiced "misogi" consisting of washing their bodies in a river near the temple. </li></ul><ul><li>Believers respect animals as messengers of the gods. That’s why there are a pair of statues "Koma-inu" (dog guards) in shrines. </li></ul><ul><li>The Kagura are ritual dances accompanied by ancient musical instruments consist of young virgin girls and a group of men or a single. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Sikhism is a monotheistic religion </li></ul><ul><li>Sikhism stresses the importance of doing good </li></ul><ul><li>actions rather than merely carrying out rituals. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sikh place of worship is called a Gurdwara. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sikh scripture is the Guru Granth Sahib. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Sikhs believe that the way to lead a good </li></ul><ul><li>life is to: </li></ul>-Keep God in heart and mind at all times. -Live honestly and work hard -Treat everyone equally -Be generous to the less fortunate -Serve others
-In this religion people give a loto of importance in be good persons and very religous. -A Gurdwara is the place where Sikhs come together for congregational worship
The five K or articles of faith. Practicing Sikhis should wear these items, which are: Kesh: uncut hair long. Khanga: a small wooden comb your hair up. Kara: a metal bracelet. Kacha: cotton underwear. Kirpan: orginated as a ceremonial sword, but currently is only a small dagger.
Main ideas <ul><li>It was created by Lao zi. </li></ul><ul><li>Tao te ching is Tao's sacred book. </li></ul><ul><li>Not a pure religion it's very mixed with philosophy. </li></ul><ul><li>Tao avoid dogmas. </li></ul><ul><li>Polytheistic </li></ul><ul><li>The Three Jewels, or Three Treasures, are basic virtues in Taoism, they are are compassion, moderation, and humility. </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul>
The Tao <ul><li>Tao means “way” </li></ul><ul><li>Tao can be roughly thought of as the flow of the universe, or as some essence or pattern behind the natural world that keeps the universe balanced and ordered </li></ul><ul><li>De ( 德 ) "power; virtue; integrity", is, the active living, or cultivation, of that "way </li></ul><ul><li>Wu wei (is a central concept in Taoism. The literal meaning of wu wei is "without action". It is often expressed by the paradox wei wu wei, meaning "action without action" or "effortless doing". The practice and efficacy of wu wei are fundamental in Taoist </li></ul><ul><li>Pu represents a passive state of receptiveness. Pu is a symbol for a state of pure potential and perception without prejudice. In this state, Taoists believe everything is seen as it is, without preconceptions or illusion </li></ul>
Journey to the west <ul><li>Tripitaka travelled to the "Western Regions" during the Tang dynasty, to obtain sacred texts (sūtras). The Bodhisattva Guan Yin, on instruction from the Buddha, gives this task to the monk and his three protectors in the form of disciples — namely Sun Wukong, Zhu Bajie and Sha Wujing — together with a dragon prince who acts as Xuanzang's steed, a white horse. These four characters have agreed to help Xuanzang as an atonement for past sins. </li></ul>
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