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Hinduism

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Hinduism

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Hinduism

  1. 1. Hinduism <ul><ul><li>By Craig Robbins </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Hinduism is the predominant religion of the Indian subcontinent. Hinduism is often called Sanātana Dharma by its practitioners. It is the third largest religion in the world with 837 million followers - 13% of the world's population. (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>To the right, a map with the spread of Hinduism </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Hindu beliefs vary widely, with concepts of God and/or gods ranging from Panentheism, pantheism, monotheism, polytheism, and atheism with Vishnu and Shiva being the most popular deities. Other notable characteristics include a belief in reincarnation and karma, as well as personal duty, or dharma. To the right, a picture of AUM ( ॐ ). Thus Om mystically embodies the essence of the entire universe. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Among its roots is the historical Vedic religion of Iron Age India, and as such Hinduism is often stated to be the &quot;oldest religious tradition&quot; or &quot;oldest living major tradition.&quot; It is formed of diverse traditions and types and has no single founder. To the right, a picture of a temple of worship. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Hinduism's vast body of scriptures are divided into Śruti (&quot;revealed&quot;) and Smriti (&quot;remembered&quot;). These scriptures discuss theology, philosophy and mythology, and provide information on the practice of dharma (religious living). Among these texts, the Vedas and the Upanishads are the foremost in authority, importance and antiquity. Other major scriptures include the Tantras, the Agama, the Purāṇas and the epics Mahābhārata and Rāmāyaṇa. The Bhagavad Gītā, a treatise from the Mahābhārata, spoken by Krishna, is sometimes called a summary of the spiritual teachings of the Vedas. To the right, a sculpture representing the god Shiva as well as the Hindu cycle of life. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Gods <ul><li>Ganesha (Top Left) All Tantric and spiritual worship in the Hindu tradition begins with the invocation of Ganesha. Acceptance of the strange looking elephant-headed deity as the divine force stills the rational mind and its doubts, forcing one to look beyond outer appearances. Thus Ganessha creates the faith to remove all obstacles. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gods <ul><li>Shiva (Top Middle) Shiva is responsible for change, both in the form of death and destruction as in the positive sense of the shedding of old habits. In Satyam, Shivam, Sundaram, or truth, Goodness and Beauty, Shiva also represents the most essential goodness. Shiva is the deity of the yogis, self-controlled and celibate . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Gods <ul><li>Vishnu (Top Right) Vishnu is the preserver and protector of creation. He is the embodiment of mercy and goodness, the self-existent, all-pervading power that preserves the universe and maintains the cosmic order Dharma. Vishnu never sleeps and is the deity of Shanti, the peaceful mood. He does no however tolerate ego. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gods <ul><li>Krishna (Bottom Left) Krishna is the eighth incarnation of lord Vishnu, the embodiment of love and fivine joy. He is born to establish the religion of love. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gods <ul><li>Ardhnarishwara (Bottom Middle) The Hindu deities Shiva and Shakti constitute this hermaphroditic deity that is half male, half female. This deity shows that the truth is not only available from either the male or the female side. Truth needs both approaches, ratio, and intuition, thought and emotion, sun and moon, introspection and action. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gods <ul><li>Buddha (Bottom Right) In Hinduism, Buddha is worshiped as the ninth incarnation of Vishnu, following Ram and Krishna. This manifestation of Buddha is the Amithaba Buddha, the main bodihisattva form of the fire element. He embodies wisdom, essential equality, and infinite light. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Scriptures <ul><li>Hinduism is based on &quot;the accumulated treasury of spiritual laws discovered by different persons in different times&quot;. The scriptures were transmitted orally in verse form to aid memorization, for many centuries before they were written down. Over many centuries, sages refined the teachings and expanded the canon. In post-Vedic and current Hindu belief, most Hindu scriptures are not typically interpreted literally. More importance is attached to the ethics and metaphorical meanings derived from them. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Worship <ul><li>The vast majority of Hindus engage in religious rituals on a daily basis, Most Hindus observe religious rituals at home. But observation of rituals greatly vary among regions, villages, and individuals. Pictured to the right, a temple of worship. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Prominent Themes <ul><li>Prominent themes in Hindu beliefs include (but are not restricted to), Dharma (ethics/duties), Samsāra (The continuing cycle of birth, life, death and rebirth), Karma (action and subsequent reaction), Moksha (liberation from samsara), and the various Yogas (paths or practices). Pictured to the right, a temple carving. </li></ul>

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