<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism  </li></u...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism  </li></ul...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li>...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li>...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li>...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li>...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li>...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li>...
 
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration,  creolization  and   cannibalism   </l...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque  infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque  infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li...
 
-1- three appropriation modes: baroquization  /  creolization  /  cannibalism
Appropriation modes:  baroquization
Appropriation modes:  baroquization
Appropriation modes:  baroquization
Appropriation modes:  baroquization
Appropriation modes:  creolization
Appropriation modes:  creolization
Appropriation modes:  creolization Horse-phone: “ Like earlier horse-phones, it had a cord. Wire stored on a 5-mile reel p...
Appropriation modes:  creolization
Appropriation modes:  creolization Photo: Jan Chipchase
Appropriation modes:  creolization Photo: Araba Sey
Appropriation modes:  creolization
Appropriation modes:  cannibalism Photo: Kathleen Diga
Appropriation modes:  cannibalism Photo: Kathleen Diga
Appropriation modes:  cannibalism Photo: Araba Sey
Appropriation modes:  cannibalism source:  http://www.vavolo.com/productdetails.asp,ProductID,2400,,.htm
Appropriation modes:  cannibalism
Appropriation modes:  cannibalism
-2- appropriation within the technology cycle
1. roll-out
1. roll-out 2. appropriate
1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
m-banking
m-banking 1. roll-out Photos: Jan Chipchase
m-banking <ul><li>roll-out </li></ul>2. appropriate sente Photos: Jan Chipchase
m-banking 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim Photos: Jan Chipchase sente
m-banking 1. roll-out 3. re-claim ?
1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
three reclamation modes: co-opt  /  adapt  /  block
three reclamation modes: co-opt  /  adapt  /  block echo: baroquize  /  creolize  /  cannibalize
suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users  adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibaliz...
Iterative Cumulative End-user driven Structured learning Embedded knowledge Path-dependent 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. r...
-3- research questions?
what is open? ? 1. adopt 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
what remains open? ? 1. adopt 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users  adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibaliz...
suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users  adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibaliz...
suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users  adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibaliz...
-4- research projects
Comunicaciones Móviles y Desarrollo en América Latina (CMDAL) <ul><li>Econometric Model of mobile impact (18 countries) </...
Brazil: economic experiment <ul><li>motoboys </li></ul><ul><li>160,000 </li></ul><ul><li>young  </li></ul><ul><li>marginal...
Brasil:  mergulho na comunidade
Brasil:  RedeJovem   http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = hOtMKOeXw_U
Los Angeles: Mobile Voices <ul><li>Open-source storytelling platform for recent immigrants in Los Angeles to create and pu...
<ul><li>Project goals </li></ul><ul><li>community building through storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>ICT access for disenfran...
<ul><li>Technical Research Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>reveal as little information as possible...
Further information <ul><li>wiki: https://docs.indymedia.org/view/Global/VozMob </li></ul><ul><li>Knight Foundation grant ...
http://abaporu.net
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F Bar - Technology appropriation April 2008

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F Bar - Technology appropriation April 2008

  1. 1. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul><ul><li>François Bar </li></ul><ul><li>Francis Pisani </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew Weber </li></ul>slides: http://www.slideshare.net/arnic/f-bar-technology-appropriation-april-2008
  2. 2. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>0. inspiration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>appropriation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>innovation model </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>research questions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>current projects </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>1556
  5. 5. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>1556 1928
  6. 6. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>“ Só me interessa o que não é meu. Lei do homem. Lei do antropófago” 1556 1928
  7. 7. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>1556 1928 1960s
  8. 8. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>1556 1928 1960s 2003
  9. 10. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>
  12. 14. -1- three appropriation modes: baroquization / creolization / cannibalism
  13. 15. Appropriation modes: baroquization
  14. 16. Appropriation modes: baroquization
  15. 17. Appropriation modes: baroquization
  16. 18. Appropriation modes: baroquization
  17. 19. Appropriation modes: creolization
  18. 20. Appropriation modes: creolization
  19. 21. Appropriation modes: creolization Horse-phone: “ Like earlier horse-phones, it had a cord. Wire stored on a 5-mile reel played out as a scout rode. The improved model let a rider make calls without having to first dismount and then drive a spike into the ground to complete the electrical connection. Instead, the grounding wire was attached to the horse’s skin. The mild electrical current would pass through its body to its hoofs, one of which was almost always touching the ground.” (Popular Mechanics, Sep. 1907)
  20. 22. Appropriation modes: creolization
  21. 23. Appropriation modes: creolization Photo: Jan Chipchase
  22. 24. Appropriation modes: creolization Photo: Araba Sey
  23. 25. Appropriation modes: creolization
  24. 26. Appropriation modes: cannibalism Photo: Kathleen Diga
  25. 27. Appropriation modes: cannibalism Photo: Kathleen Diga
  26. 28. Appropriation modes: cannibalism Photo: Araba Sey
  27. 29. Appropriation modes: cannibalism source: http://www.vavolo.com/productdetails.asp,ProductID,2400,,.htm
  28. 30. Appropriation modes: cannibalism
  29. 31. Appropriation modes: cannibalism
  30. 32. -2- appropriation within the technology cycle
  31. 33. 1. roll-out
  32. 34. 1. roll-out 2. appropriate
  33. 35. 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
  34. 36. 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
  35. 37. m-banking
  36. 38. m-banking 1. roll-out Photos: Jan Chipchase
  37. 39. m-banking <ul><li>roll-out </li></ul>2. appropriate sente Photos: Jan Chipchase
  38. 40. m-banking 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim Photos: Jan Chipchase sente
  39. 41. m-banking 1. roll-out 3. re-claim ?
  40. 42. 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
  41. 43. three reclamation modes: co-opt / adapt / block
  42. 44. three reclamation modes: co-opt / adapt / block echo: baroquize / creolize / cannibalize
  43. 45. suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibalize suppliers co-opt adapt block
  44. 46. Iterative Cumulative End-user driven Structured learning Embedded knowledge Path-dependent 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
  45. 47. -3- research questions?
  46. 48. what is open? ? 1. adopt 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
  47. 49. what remains open? ? 1. adopt 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
  48. 50. suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibalize suppliers co-opt adapt block
  49. 51. suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibalize suppliers co-opt adapt block
  50. 52. suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibalize suppliers co-opt adapt block who are the “users”? what motivates them? what resources can they draw upon? how do they go about it? can they get help from others? (“appropriation-for-hire”)
  51. 53. -4- research projects
  52. 54. Comunicaciones Móviles y Desarrollo en América Latina (CMDAL) <ul><li>Econometric Model of mobile impact (18 countries) </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, and Perú </li></ul><ul><li>Funding: Fundación Telefónica </li></ul><ul><li>Partners: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universidad de San Andrés, Argentina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, Perú </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instituto de Pesquisas e Projetos Sociais e Tecnológicos (IPSO), Brasil </li></ul></ul>
  53. 55. Brazil: economic experiment <ul><li>motoboys </li></ul><ul><li>160,000 </li></ul><ul><li>young </li></ul><ul><li>marginal </li></ul><ul><li>mobile </li></ul><ul><li>information dependent </li></ul><ul><li>( CANAL* motoboy ) </li></ul>
  54. 56. Brasil: mergulho na comunidade
  55. 57. Brasil: RedeJovem http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = hOtMKOeXw_U
  56. 58. Los Angeles: Mobile Voices <ul><li>Open-source storytelling platform for recent immigrants in Los Angeles to create and publish stories about their community, directly from cellphones </li></ul><ul><li>Partner: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instituto de Educacion Popular del Sur de California (IDEPSCA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runs 6 day-labor centers in L.A. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Education for empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology literacy initiatives </li></ul></ul>
  57. 59. <ul><li>Project goals </li></ul><ul><li>community building through storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>ICT access for disenfranchised people </li></ul><ul><li>create economic/social opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Usage scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>mobile storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>annotated city </li></ul><ul><li>mobile labor market </li></ul><ul><li>Design approach </li></ul><ul><li>low cost </li></ul><ul><li>participatory design </li></ul><ul><li>open source, generic tool ( https:// docs.indymedia.org/view/Global/VozMob ) </li></ul><ul><li>Project timeline </li></ul><ul><li>Spring 08: prototyping </li></ul><ul><li>June08-May09: IDEPSCA deployment </li></ul><ul><li>after June09: broader diffusion </li></ul>
  58. 60. <ul><li>Technical Research Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>reveal as little information as possible, but still collect enough to tell stories </li></ul><ul><li>user-controlled disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>server-side policies for purging data </li></ul><ul><li>Low-cost </li></ul><ul><li>portable to low-cost java phones (e.g. motorola i855) </li></ul><ul><li>minimize data transfer (or cope with low bandwidth) </li></ul><ul><li>minimize power consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Generic platform </li></ul><ul><li>favor open, flexible design for adaptation to various use patterns </li></ul>
  59. 61. Further information <ul><li>wiki: https://docs.indymedia.org/view/Global/VozMob </li></ul><ul><li>Knight Foundation grant proposal: http://mobilevoices.net/Knight </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiration/advisors: Zexe: http://zexe.net Mologogo: http://mologogo.com </li></ul>
  60. 62. http://abaporu.net

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