People, Religion and vocabulary for the Benchmark:People:Hammurabi-Babylonians- earliest know written lawJustinian-Emp. Ju...
Limited monarchy: kings with a legislature to share powerAbsolute monarchy-King Louis XIV-total power of the KingOligarchy...
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World history review people religion-vocabulary

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World history review people religion-vocabulary

  1. 1. People, Religion and vocabulary for the Benchmark:People:Hammurabi-Babylonians- earliest know written lawJustinian-Emp. Justinian collected all existing Roman lawsCopernicus-Believed the Earth orbited the SunGalileo-his observations confirmed Copernicus’ theoryAdam Smith-wrote “Wealth of Nations”—free market economic systemKarl Marx-wrote “Communist Manifesto”-developed communismAdolf Hitler-leader of the Nazi Party in Germany during WWIIReligions:Judaism- 1st religion to believe in one God—holy book TorahChristianity-Religion based o the teaching of Jesus Christ- son of God, holy book-BibleIslam-Religion founded by Mohammed- holy book-Koran, QuranHinduism-Religion in India-believed in many gods, reincarnation, caste system, KarmaConfucianism- belief system, established by Confucius , emphasized traditional values,obedience and orderSikhism-combining both Islam and Hindu-belief in one God—all equal in Gods eyeVocabulary:Separation of Power: a principle of the Constitution that states power should be dividedbetween 3 branches of governmentPopular Sovereignty: a principle of the Constitution that states the people rule by voting
  2. 2. Limited monarchy: kings with a legislature to share powerAbsolute monarchy-King Louis XIV-total power of the KingOligarchy: ruled by a fewThe Columbian Exchange: when the 2 worlds- America and Europe- exchanged goods,ideas, and diseases—Renaissance- the rebirth of Europe, the era after the Middle AgesCentralized Power—political power nearest to the peopleIndustrial Revolution: when people started to make things by machine instead of handMercantilism: the ideas that nations power depends on its wealth-colonies = rawmaterials=$$$Free Enterprise: Private property-ownership of business-keep profitsImperialism: when large take over smaller countries for political, social and economicreasons.Fascism: a form of totalitarian government, glories nation, one ruler, extremenationalismSocialism: government takes over business, regulates workers, protects workersDemocratic Republic: when the people vote for elected officials

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