Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Judaism, and the development of monotheism.
Polytheistic Vedas-hymns and religious ceremonies-originally passed down orally and then written down Reincarnation-Soul is reborn-reinforces the caste system of India Karma- A persons action on Earth determine how the soul shall be reborn Hinduism is mainly found in India
Founded by Siddhartha Gautama, born in the 6th century BC to a noble family in Northern India. Follows many of the beliefs of Hinduism, including non-violence, self-denial, and to seek oneness with the “Great World Soul” Rejects the caste system and numerous gods
Based on the ideas of Confucius-Analects Living in a time of confusion and chaos in China, he sought to restore order through a basic set of ideas…the universe has an order, therefore mankind should focus on order in human behavior. Focus on the 5 relationships and do what is right and there will be order.
Abraham (initial covenant with God), Moses (led Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt), David (king of Israel who established the political state of the Jews & built the TEMPLE) Human behavior is a part of Ethical monotheism- covenantal (agreement between God and humans) relationship with the one God 10 Commandments Torah “Promised Land” Messiah
Gradual development Mesopotamian civilizations-each city-state had a patron deity Egypt-Pharaoh Akhenaton claims to be a supreme god. India-references in the Rig Veda Zoroastrianism- Ahura Mazda is a supreme deity Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam): One supreme God; Yahweh or Allah