Urban local self government

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Urban local self government

  1. 1. URBAN LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT PREPARED BY A. ALLEN JOSEPH
  2. 2. Presentation outline 1. INTRODUCTION 2. CONSTITUTION OF MUNICIPALITIES 3. COMPOSITION OF MUNICIPALITIES 4. FUNCTIONS OF MUNICIPALITIES 5. FINANCES OF MUNICIPALITIES 6. POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF MUNICIPAL AUTHORITIES 7. GOVERNMENT CONTROL OVER MUNICIPALITIES
  3. 3. URBANIZATION TRENDS A.P. : FIFTH LARGEST STATE IN INDIA BOTH IN AREA AND POPULATION 6TH MAJOR URBANIZED STATE TOTAL POPULATION OF AP AS PER 2011 CENSUS : 84.66 MILLIONS URBAN POPULATION OF AP AS PER 2011 CENSUS : 29.75 MILLIONS PERCENTAGE OF URBAN POPULATION TO TOTAL POPULATION IN AP : 27.08 : 29.78 AP FROM 1961-2001 : 62.00 LAKHS TO 205 LAKHS PERCENTAGE OF GROWTH RATE FROM 1961-2001 : 230 PERCENTAGE OF URBAN POPULATION TO TOTAL POPULATION IN THE COUNTRY INCREASE IN URBAN POPULATION IN
  4. 4. Urbanization trends in India, as shown in Table 1, indicate the growth of its urban population and the number of urban centres. Table 1 Growth of urban population in India, 1901-2001 Census No. of towns Total urban Level of Decadal growth of population urbanization urban population (million) (per cent) (%) 1901 1811 1911 1754 1921 1894 1931 2017 1941 2190 1951 2795 1961 2270 1971 2476 1981 3245 1991 3609 2001 5161 Source Census of India 25.6 25.6 27.7 33.0 43.6 61.6 77.6 107.0 156.2 212.9 286.1 11.0 10.4 11.3 12.2 14.1 17.6 18.3 20.2 23.7 26.1 27.8 0.0 802 19.1 32.1 41.3 26.0 37.9 46.0 36.3 34.4
  5. 5. Table 2 Level of urbanization in five major urbanized states in India (per cent of total population) State 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 Tamil Nadu 24.4 26.7 30.3 33.0 34.2 43.86 Maharashtra 28.8 28.2 31.2 35.0 38.7 42.40 Gujarat 27.2 25.8 28.1 31.1 41.0 37.35 Karnataka 22.9 22.3 24.3 28.9 30.9 33.98 Punjab 21.7 23.1 23.7 27.7 29.7 33.95 Source: Census of India.
  6. 6. Evolution of Local-self Government in India 1. 2. 3. Municipal Bodies have a long history in India First Municipal Corporation was constituted for Madras city in the year 1688 Later on, Municipal Corporations of Bombay and Calcutta were constituted in the year 1726
  7. 7. Constitution of Municipalities i. The Constitution of India (through 74th Amendment) provides for three types of municipalities with constitutional status a. A Nagar Panchayat for a transitional area, that is to say, an area in transition from rural to urban b. A Municipal Council for a smaller urban area c. A Municipal Corporation for a larger urban area
  8. 8. Main Criteria for constitution of Urban Local Bodies Nagar Panchayat Municipality : : Municipal Corp. : Population 20,000 to 40,000 Above 40,000 upto 3.00 lakhs 3.00 lakhs and above
  9. 9. Gradation of Municipalities Third Grade Municipality Annual income of more than one crore or less than two crores of rupees Second Grade Municipality Annual income of more than two crores and less than four crores of rupees Annual income of more than four crores and less than six crores of rupees Annual income of more than six crores and less than eight crores of rupees Annual income of more than eight crores of rupees and above First Grade Municipality Special Grade Municipality Selection Grade Municipality
  10. 10. Urban local-self Government in A.P. First Municipality was constituted in A.P. for Bhimunipatnam in the year 1851 Municipal Corporations : 16 Municipalities : 102 Nagar Panchayats : 6 Total : 124
  11. 11. Composition of ULBs Criteria for fixation of strength : Population Strength of ULBs Nagar Panchayats / Municipalities : 21 to 45 members Municipal Corporations : 50 to 150 members MPs, MLAs, MLCs are Ex-officio members
  12. 12. Municipal Authorities A Council A Chairperson A Commissioner A Ward Committee
  13. 13. Municipal Authorities A Council A Chairperson A Commissioner A Ward Committee
  14. 14. Division of Nagarpanchayats & Municipalities into wards • Municipality / Nagar panchayat divided into as many single member wards as the number of elected members. • Electoral Rolls: The electoral Roll for Assembly Constituency shall be adopted as Electoral Roll for the Municipality.
  15. 15. Election of Ward Members i. ii. Voters in each ward elect a member There is a provision of reservation a. SCs and STs: As per the proportion of the population of SCs and STs to the total population b. BCs: One-third of the total members. c. Women: one half of the total members including one half of the reserved for SCs, STs and BCs iii. Reservation is by rotation
  16. 16. Election of Chairperson i. All ward members elect one of its elected members as Chairperson. ii. Ex-officio members also participate. iii. There is provision for reservation. a. SCs and STs: As per the proportion of the population of SCs and STs in all municipalities to the total population in all municipalities b. BCs: One-third of the total number of Chairpersons in the State. c. Women: One half of the total number of Chairpersons including one half of the reserved for SCs, STs and BCs iv. Rotation in reservation.
  17. 17. Conduct of Elections • State Election Commission supervises the conduct of municipal elections. • Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration is the Election Authority (appointed by SEC). • District Collector is the District Election Authority (appointed by SEC).
  18. 18. Term of the Council • Chairperson and Elected Councilors : Five years from the date of first meeting of the Council.
  19. 19. Elections on party basis • The election to the office of Chairperson and ward members shall be conducted on party basis
  20. 20. Meetings of Municipal Council • • • Council shall meet at least once in every month Agenda for the meeting shall be prepared by the Commissioner in consultation with Chairperson. Minutes of the proceedings at each meeting shall be entered in minutes book and signed by the Chairperson.
  21. 21. Functions of Municipalities 1. Cleaning of streets, drains, removal of rubbish, scavenging and solid waste management 2. Supply of protected water 3. Construction and maintenance of roads, bridges, cause ways and culverts 4. Construction and maintenance of storm water and swage water drains 5. Lighting of public streets (Street lighting) 6. Town planning – Zones and Building Regulations 7. Construction and maintenance of buildings 8. Public Health, control of malaria and other epidemic diseases. 9. Prevention of Food Adulteration
  22. 22. Contd.. 10. Maintenance of hospitals, maternity and child welfare centers, dispensaries 11. Maintenance of Elementary & Secondary Schools 12. Registration of births and deaths 13. Provision of slaughter houses and markets 14. Maintenance of parks and play grounds 15. Slum improvement and Urban poverty alleviation 16. Implementation of urban development schemes 17. Maintenance of burial grounds 18. Urban forestry
  23. 23. Finances of Municipalities Main sources of Income : Taxes : i. Property Tax ii. Advertisement Tax iii. Government have taken over levy and collection of Profession Tax from 1987-88 and paying compensation to the ULBs
  24. 24. Non-Taxes i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. Water Charges Fee from Markets and Slaughter Houses Rents from Commercial Complexes Building License Fee Trade License Fee Betterment and development charges Encroachment Fee Contributions towards water supply connections
  25. 25. Assigned Revenues i. ii. Entertainment Tax : 90% of Entertainment Tax collected by Commercial Tax Department is assigned to ULBs on quarterly basis. Surcharge on stamp duty : Surcharge on Stamp Duty is levied @ 2% of the value of the instrument by Registration Department and 100% of the Surcharge on Stamp Duty is allocated to ULBs on quarterly basis
  26. 26. Non-Plan Grants i. ii. Grants under 13th Finance Commission SFC Grants
  27. 27. Plan Grants i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. viii. ix. x. xi. xii. xiii. xiv. xv. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (UI&G, BSUP, UIDSSMT, IHSDP, ) APMDP – World Bank Project Swarna Jayanthi Shahari Rozagar Yojana Indira Kranthi Padham (Urban) Rajiv Nagar Baata Environmental Improvement in Urban Slums Municipal internal roads Assistance for Pavalavaddi Scheme Assistance to New Municipalities for developmental works Indiramma Programme for Water Supply, ILCS Indiramma Programme for Infrastructure Provision of basic facilities in Municipal Schools Fencing of parks and playgrounds in ULBs Grants under Backward regions grant fund
  28. 28. Heads of Departments 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration Engineer-in-Chief (Public Health) Director of Town & Country Planning APUFIDC MEPMA
  29. 29. Payment of salaries through Treasuries i. ii. Salaries and pensions of Municipal employees including municipal teachers are paid through Treasuries from 1-4-2013. Statutory and non-statutory grants are forgone by the municipalities.
  30. 30. Powers and functions of Municipal Authorities
  31. 31. Council Powers i. ii. iii. Administration vests in the Council All public streets vests in the Council All vacant lands of Government shall vest in the Council iv. Sanction of works both original and maintenance v. Sanction for purchase of all categories of materials vi. Approval for acceptance of Tenders excluding tenders to be settled by the Contract Committee Approval of lay-outs viii. Permission for construction of factories / workshops ix. Lease of lands, shop rooms, buildings. x. Fixation of fees for use of markets, for all licenses and permissions granted under the Act
  32. 32. Role of District Collector in Municipal Administration • Competent to suspend a resolution, order, license, permission or act of Municipal authorities. • Competent to call for any document from Municipal Commissioner. • Powers of inspection of any work or immovable property. • In cases of emergency direct the execution of any work necessary for the safety of the public.
  33. 33. Municipal Authorities 1. Corporation 2. Standing Committee 3. Commissioner
  34. 34. Powers of Commissioner to sanction estimates for works 1. Andhra Pradesh - upto Rs. 20.00 lakhs 2. Karnataka - upto Rs. 30.00 lakhs 3. Tamilnadu - upto Rs. 10.00 lakhs 4. Kerala - No provision in the Act 5. Maharastra - upto Rs. 10.00 lakhs
  35. 35. Major problems faced by ULBs i. Poor Governance ii. Lack of sufficient financial resources iii. Poor performance in solid waste management iv. Inadequate drinking water supply v. Environmental degradation vi. Urban poverty
  36. 36. REFERENCE HTTP://WWW.CGG.GOV.IN HTTP://WWW.CRRID.RES.IN

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