FIVE YEAR PLAN
PG URBAN PLANNING
CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT, M.TECH.
• Five year plans
• The Independent India has been urbanizing very fast. At
the end of 20th century the pattern of urbanization in India
has been a spatially and structurally unbalanced one. The
process of urbanization has been closely linked with the
process and pattern of economic development in the
country. The policies of urban development and housing
in India have come a long way since 1950s.
Five year plan
• The economy of India is based in part on planning through its
five-year plans, which are developed, executed and monitored
by the Planning Commission.
• The major aim is to make India as a strong in economical
condition and provide better housing facilities so that different
policies were launched in India for providing this kind of
First five year plan (1951-56)
• Construction of houses for Government employees and weaker
• Housing for the refugees from Eastern and Western Pakistan
• Set up of new city-
a) Chandigarh city (Punjab)
b) Sardar Nagar city (Ahmedabad)
c) Gobind Nagar & Hastanapur city (U.P)
• Introduction of Low income group housing scheme (1954)
• At the end of a year about 1.3 million houses were added
Second year plan (1956-61)
• The Industrial Housing Scheme was widened to cover all
• Three new schemes were introduced, namely,
a. Rural Housing,
b. Slum Clearance and
c. Sweepers Housing
• At the end of the year approx. 1.9 million houses were added
• Town & country Planning legislation has been enacted in 4
• Establishment of new town –
a) Bhilai (Madhya Pradesh, now in Chhattisgarh)
b) Rourkela (Orissa)
c) Durgapur & Chittaranjan (West Bengal)
d) Neiveli (Tamilnadu)
Third year plan (1961-66)
• Setting of Central Housing Board is at present under study
• A scheme for providing loan to Middle Income Group, with
funds provided by LIC.
• The plan aimed to increase national income by 30% and
agriculture production by 30% and to promote economic
developments in backward areas.
Fourth year plan (1969-74)
• The Plan stressed the need to prevent further growth of
population in large cities and need for decongestion or
dispersal of population
• Provision has been made for establishment of a Cellular
Concrete Plant at Ennore in Tamil Naidu.
• Rural water supply scheme were taken up under the
programme of community development , local development
• Central Legislation for prevention of pollution of water was
Fifth year plan (1974-79)
• Provision of Urban Development Programme were taken up in
Bombay, Madras ,Calcutta and in other 9 cities(1974-75)
• Total provision of Rs. 256.13 crore has been made for Urban
• Main thrust of the programme was directed towards
ameliorating the condition of the backward
• Reiterated the policies of the preceding Plans to promote
smaller towns in new urban centers.
Six year plan (1980-85)
• A provision of Rs. 96 crore has been made for the scheme of
The Integrated Development of Small and Medium Towns
• The Housing and Urban Development (HUDCO)and General
Insurance Corporation (GIC)have also entered the field of
• For the National Capital Region (NCR) Delhi. A provision of Rs
10 crore has been made.
• A sum of Rs.1.60 crore is being provided for research and
development in order to improve the formulation of policy on
urbanization and urban development.
Seven year plan (1985-1989)
• The plans includes a provision of Rs. 930 crore in the states
sector for provision of infrastructure facilities.
• Board of NCR has been constituted under the chairmanship o f
Minister of Works and Housing
• Many states set up Water Supply and Sewage Boards .
• The plan introduced programs like Jawahar Rozgar
Eight year plan (1992-1997)
• For the first time explicitly recognized the role and importance
of urban sector for the national economy.
• Long term objectives –”Shelter for All”.
• To check the increasing population growth by creating mass
• To strengthen the infrastructural facilities
9th five year plan (1997-2002)
• focused on increasing agricultural and rural income and to
improve the conditions of the marginal farmer and landless
• Social Schemes are implemented in state sector with state
plan provision and loan assistance from HUDCO and other
• The cabinet since has been taken a decision to repel
ULCRA.(Urban land and regulation act,1976)
10th five year plan 2002-2007)
• Strengthening of vulnerable houses in EWS & LIG
• National Urban Housing and Habitat Policy, 2007 was
announced in December 2007.
• Taking into account emerging challenges of required
shelter and growth of slums, the first ever urban areas
• Public private partnerships brought to the urban agenda
11th five year plan (2007-2012)
• PPP are preferred mode for construction and operation of
• Yojana for Expressway across the country
• Telecom revolution
• The Jawaharlal Nehru national urban renewal mission
(JNNURM) is directed to provide improved urban services.
• The urban policies could directly contribute to achieve
the goals of poverty alleviation and removal of
unemployment and under-employment. One significant
fact is that the Mega cities have been growing very
slowly but cater to the sizeable portion of urban
population. Their age-old urban infrastructure need to be
upgraded for a healthy living
• Rishi Muni Dwivedi “Urban Development and
Housing in India (1947-2007)” New Century
Publication , New Delhi (2007)