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Five Year Plan & Housing Policy (Urban Plannning)


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Five Year Plan & Housing Policy (Urban Plannning)

  2. 2. Contents • Introduction • Five year plans • Conclusion • References
  3. 3. Introduction • The Independent India has been urbanizing very fast. At the end of 20th century the pattern of urbanization in India has been a spatially and structurally unbalanced one. The process of urbanization has been closely linked with the process and pattern of economic development in the country. The policies of urban development and housing in India have come a long way since 1950s. • .
  4. 4. Five year plan • The economy of India is based in part on planning through its five-year plans, which are developed, executed and monitored by the Planning Commission. • The major aim is to make India as a strong in economical condition and provide better housing facilities so that different policies were launched in India for providing this kind of facilities
  5. 5. First five year plan (1951-56) • Construction of houses for Government employees and weaker sections. • Housing for the refugees from Eastern and Western Pakistan • Set up of new city- a) Chandigarh city (Punjab) b) Sardar Nagar city (Ahmedabad) c) Gobind Nagar & Hastanapur city (U.P) • Introduction of Low income group housing scheme (1954) • At the end of a year about 1.3 million houses were added
  6. 6. Second year plan (1956-61) • The Industrial Housing Scheme was widened to cover all workers. • Three new schemes were introduced, namely, a. Rural Housing, b. Slum Clearance and c. Sweepers Housing • At the end of the year approx. 1.9 million houses were added
  7. 7. • Town & country Planning legislation has been enacted in 4 states i) Madras ii) Bombay iii) Hyderabad iv) Saurashtra • Establishment of new town – a) Bhilai (Madhya Pradesh, now in Chhattisgarh) b) Rourkela (Orissa) c) Durgapur & Chittaranjan (West Bengal) d) Neiveli (Tamilnadu)
  8. 8. Third year plan (1961-66) • Setting of Central Housing Board is at present under study • A scheme for providing loan to Middle Income Group, with funds provided by LIC. • The plan aimed to increase national income by 30% and agriculture production by 30% and to promote economic developments in backward areas.
  9. 9. Fourth year plan (1969-74) • The Plan stressed the need to prevent further growth of population in large cities and need for decongestion or dispersal of population • Provision has been made for establishment of a Cellular Concrete Plant at Ennore in Tamil Naidu. • Rural water supply scheme were taken up under the programme of community development , local development • Central Legislation for prevention of pollution of water was under consideration.
  10. 10. Fifth year plan (1974-79) • Provision of Urban Development Programme were taken up in Bombay, Madras ,Calcutta and in other 9 cities(1974-75) • Total provision of Rs. 256.13 crore has been made for Urban Development. • Main thrust of the programme was directed towards ameliorating the condition of the backward • Reiterated the policies of the preceding Plans to promote smaller towns in new urban centers.
  11. 11. Six year plan (1980-85) • A provision of Rs. 96 crore has been made for the scheme of The Integrated Development of Small and Medium Towns (IDSMT). • The Housing and Urban Development (HUDCO)and General Insurance Corporation (GIC)have also entered the field of rural housing. • For the National Capital Region (NCR) Delhi. A provision of Rs 10 crore has been made. • A sum of Rs.1.60 crore is being provided for research and development in order to improve the formulation of policy on urbanization and urban development.
  12. 12. Seven year plan (1985-1989) • The plans includes a provision of Rs. 930 crore in the states sector for provision of infrastructure facilities. • Board of NCR has been constituted under the chairmanship o f Minister of Works and Housing • Many states set up Water Supply and Sewage Boards . • The plan introduced programs like Jawahar Rozgar Yojana(1989).
  13. 13. Eight year plan (1992-1997) • For the first time explicitly recognized the role and importance of urban sector for the national economy. • Long term objectives –”Shelter for All”. • To check the increasing population growth by creating mass awareness programs. • To strengthen the infrastructural facilities
  14. 14. 9th five year plan (1997-2002) • focused on increasing agricultural and rural income and to improve the conditions of the marginal farmer and landless labourers • Social Schemes are implemented in state sector with state plan provision and loan assistance from HUDCO and other financial institution. • The cabinet since has been taken a decision to repel ULCRA.(Urban land and regulation act,1976)
  15. 15. 10th five year plan 2002-2007) • Strengthening of vulnerable houses in EWS & LIG category,. • National Urban Housing and Habitat Policy, 2007 was announced in December 2007. • Taking into account emerging challenges of required shelter and growth of slums, the first ever urban areas specific • Public private partnerships brought to the urban agenda
  16. 16. 11th five year plan (2007-2012) • PPP are preferred mode for construction and operation of infrastructure services. • Yojana for Expressway across the country • Telecom revolution • The Jawaharlal Nehru national urban renewal mission (JNNURM) is directed to provide improved urban services.
  17. 17. CONCLUSION • The urban policies could directly contribute to achieve the goals of poverty alleviation and removal of unemployment and under-employment. One significant fact is that the Mega cities have been growing very slowly but cater to the sizeable portion of urban population. Their age-old urban infrastructure need to be upgraded for a healthy living
  18. 18. References • Rishi Muni Dwivedi “Urban Development and Housing in India (1947-2007)” New Century Publication , New Delhi (2007) • • •