planning natural, historic and cultural attractionsPresentation Transcript
Now viewed as conserving and interpreting the environmental and cultural heritage of the area for the appreciation of the residents as well as tourists.
Planning for heritage attractions is a specialized discipline: must be adapted to each particular local situation
May not initially generate sufficient revenue to pay for their development and operational costs.
Often generate sufficient tourist flows to the area
Overall tourist spending in commercial enterprises more than justifies the cost of developing and operating the attraction
Economically justified if not financially justified
Designating zones for different types of conservation and use.
Strict Preservation Zones – Resource conservation and visitor use is low-intensity with only limited facilities
Include rare and endangered species
Important habitats and vulnerable ecosystems
Facility Zones – Typically located near the park entrances for the convenience of the visitors
Permanent accommodation and other commercial facilities are located outside the park but relatively near the entrance
Buffer Zones – often designated to protect conservation zones.
Use zones are connected with a circulation network of access points, roads, parking and walking and riding trails
In some parks, access by private vehicle is prohibited
Provision of access into the park by private vehicles must be evaluated for each particular situation
Best approach for development of facilities: Concentrate the major facilities in one area as an integrated complex in the form of a visitor center.
Typically located near the park entrance
Visitor centers should include:
Interpretative material of exhibits
Maps and brochures
Hall for audio-visual and lecture presentations
Relevant books and/or craft or souvenir items for sale
Snack bar or restaurants
Personnel should be available to answer questions of visitors.
In addition to exhibits explaining park features, they should also emphasize the importance of conservation, type of conservation measures being applied in the park, and appropriate conservation-oriented use of the park by visitors
Interpretative signs, rest stations, viewing sites/decks and other small-scale facilities can be located at appropriate places in the park
Require special planning considerations
Conservation measures should be applied to the use of underwater environments in order to protect reefs and other sea life
Ecologically important underwater areas: designated as marine parks or reserves with very strict use controls
Major facilities at beach and marine parks should be set back from the beach or coastline vegetation line
The main visitor facilities should be planned as an integrated complex visitor center
Zoning for different types of uses such as swimming, boating, water skiing, board and wind surfing and diving (snorkelling and scuba diving)
Visual and performing arts
Architecture and life styles
Can be a major source of income for residents of a tourism area
A distinction should be made between souvenir items and arts and crafts
Designs can often be modified to suit the interests of tourists
Contemporary arts can be sold to tourists at art galleries.
Presentation and sale is through development of integrated craft centers or villages
Designed in the local traditional architectural style and contains a large number of shops
Demonstrations of art and craft production
Snack bars and restaurants
Venues for dance, music and drama performances
Located in attractive landscaped environments
Located in villages that specializes in production of particular types of crafts.
Organize annual arts or cultural festivals
Can attract performing groups, artists and craftsmen throughout the area
Often start as being primarily for the enjoyment and benefit of the residents attract domestic and international tourist
Can be scheduled during typical low tourist season in order to attract more tourists during that period.
Consolidating cultural activities in a cultural center