planning natural, historic and cultural attractions
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

planning natural, historic and cultural attractions






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



0 Embeds 0

No embeds



Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

planning natural, historic and cultural attractions planning natural, historic and cultural attractions Presentation Transcript

    • Now viewed as conserving and interpreting the environmental and cultural heritage of the area for the appreciation of the residents as well as tourists.
    • Planning for heritage attractions is a specialized discipline: must be adapted to each particular local situation
    • May not initially generate sufficient revenue to pay for their development and operational costs.
    • Often generate sufficient tourist flows to the area
    • Overall tourist spending in commercial enterprises more than justifies the cost of developing and operating the attraction
    • Economically justified if not financially justified
    • Designating zones for different types of conservation and use.
      • Strict Preservation Zones – Resource conservation and visitor use is low-intensity with only limited facilities
        • Include rare and endangered species
        • Important habitats and vulnerable ecosystems
        • Wilderness areas
      • Facility Zones – Typically located near the park entrances for the convenience of the visitors
        • Permanent accommodation and other commercial facilities are located outside the park but relatively near the entrance
      • Buffer Zones – often designated to protect conservation zones.
    • Use zones are connected with a circulation network of access points, roads, parking and walking and riding trails
    • In some parks, access by private vehicle is prohibited
    • Provision of access into the park by private vehicles must be evaluated for each particular situation
    • Best approach for development of facilities: Concentrate the major facilities in one area as an integrated complex in the form of a visitor center.
      • Typically located near the park entrance
    • Visitor centers should include:
      • Interpretative material of exhibits
      • Maps and brochures
      • Hall for audio-visual and lecture presentations
      • Relevant books and/or craft or souvenir items for sale
      • Snack bar or restaurants
      • Toilets
    • Personnel should be available to answer questions of visitors.
    • In addition to exhibits explaining park features, they should also emphasize the importance of conservation, type of conservation measures being applied in the park, and appropriate conservation-oriented use of the park by visitors
    • Interpretative signs, rest stations, viewing sites/decks and other small-scale facilities can be located at appropriate places in the park
    • Require special planning considerations
    • Conservation measures should be applied to the use of underwater environments in order to protect reefs and other sea life
    • Ecologically important underwater areas: designated as marine parks or reserves with very strict use controls
    • Major facilities at beach and marine parks should be set back from the beach or coastline vegetation line
    • The main visitor facilities should be planned as an integrated complex visitor center
    • Zoning for different types of uses such as swimming, boating, water skiing, board and wind surfing and diving (snorkelling and scuba diving)
    • Visual and performing arts
    • Crafts
    • Traditional dresses
    • Ceremonies
    • Architecture and life styles
    • Can be a major source of income for residents of a tourism area
    • A distinction should be made between souvenir items and arts and crafts
    • Authenticity of arts and crafts should be retained in terms of use of local designs, materials and craft skills.
    • Designs can often be modified to suit the interests of tourists
    • Contemporary arts can be sold to tourists at art galleries.
    • Presentation and sale is through development of integrated craft centers or villages
      • Designed in the local traditional architectural style and contains a large number of shops
      • Demonstrations of art and craft production
      • Snack bars and restaurants
      • Venues for dance, music and drama performances
      • Located in attractive landscaped environments
      • Located in villages that specializes in production of particular types of crafts.
    • Organize annual arts or cultural festivals
      • Can attract performing groups, artists and craftsmen throughout the area
      • Often start as being primarily for the enjoyment and benefit of the residents attract domestic and international tourist
      • Can be scheduled during typical low tourist season in order to attract more tourists during that period.
    • Consolidating cultural activities in a cultural center
      • Exhibit areas
      • Performing stages
      • Meeting rooms
      • Other tourist facilities