planning natural, historic and cultural attractions
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planning natural, historic and cultural attractions

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planning natural, historic and cultural attractions planning natural, historic and cultural attractions Presentation Transcript

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    • Now viewed as conserving and interpreting the environmental and cultural heritage of the area for the appreciation of the residents as well as tourists.
    • Planning for heritage attractions is a specialized discipline: must be adapted to each particular local situation
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    • May not initially generate sufficient revenue to pay for their development and operational costs.
    • Often generate sufficient tourist flows to the area
    • Overall tourist spending in commercial enterprises more than justifies the cost of developing and operating the attraction
    • Economically justified if not financially justified
    • Designating zones for different types of conservation and use.
      • Strict Preservation Zones – Resource conservation and visitor use is low-intensity with only limited facilities
        • Include rare and endangered species
        • Important habitats and vulnerable ecosystems
        • Wilderness areas
      • Facility Zones – Typically located near the park entrances for the convenience of the visitors
        • Permanent accommodation and other commercial facilities are located outside the park but relatively near the entrance
      • Buffer Zones – often designated to protect conservation zones.
    • Use zones are connected with a circulation network of access points, roads, parking and walking and riding trails
    • In some parks, access by private vehicle is prohibited
    • Provision of access into the park by private vehicles must be evaluated for each particular situation
    • Best approach for development of facilities: Concentrate the major facilities in one area as an integrated complex in the form of a visitor center.
      • Typically located near the park entrance
    • Visitor centers should include:
      • Interpretative material of exhibits
      • Maps and brochures
      • Hall for audio-visual and lecture presentations
      • Relevant books and/or craft or souvenir items for sale
      • Snack bar or restaurants
      • Toilets
    • Personnel should be available to answer questions of visitors.
    • In addition to exhibits explaining park features, they should also emphasize the importance of conservation, type of conservation measures being applied in the park, and appropriate conservation-oriented use of the park by visitors
    • Interpretative signs, rest stations, viewing sites/decks and other small-scale facilities can be located at appropriate places in the park
    • Require special planning considerations
    • Conservation measures should be applied to the use of underwater environments in order to protect reefs and other sea life
    • Ecologically important underwater areas: designated as marine parks or reserves with very strict use controls
    • Major facilities at beach and marine parks should be set back from the beach or coastline vegetation line
    • The main visitor facilities should be planned as an integrated complex visitor center
    • Zoning for different types of uses such as swimming, boating, water skiing, board and wind surfing and diving (snorkelling and scuba diving)
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    • Visual and performing arts
    • Crafts
    • Traditional dresses
    • Ceremonies
    • Architecture and life styles
    • Can be a major source of income for residents of a tourism area
    • A distinction should be made between souvenir items and arts and crafts
    • Authenticity of arts and crafts should be retained in terms of use of local designs, materials and craft skills.
    • Designs can often be modified to suit the interests of tourists
    • Contemporary arts can be sold to tourists at art galleries.
    • Presentation and sale is through development of integrated craft centers or villages
      • Designed in the local traditional architectural style and contains a large number of shops
      • Demonstrations of art and craft production
      • Snack bars and restaurants
      • Venues for dance, music and drama performances
      • Located in attractive landscaped environments
      • Located in villages that specializes in production of particular types of crafts.
    • Organize annual arts or cultural festivals
      • Can attract performing groups, artists and craftsmen throughout the area
      • Often start as being primarily for the enjoyment and benefit of the residents attract domestic and international tourist
      • Can be scheduled during typical low tourist season in order to attract more tourists during that period.
    • Consolidating cultural activities in a cultural center
      • Exhibit areas
      • Performing stages
      • Meeting rooms
      • Other tourist facilities