planning natural, historic and cultural attractions


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planning natural, historic and cultural attractions

  1. 2. <ul><li>Now viewed as conserving and interpreting the environmental and cultural heritage of the area for the appreciation of the residents as well as tourists. </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for heritage attractions is a specialized discipline: must be adapted to each particular local situation </li></ul>
  2. 7. <ul><li>May not initially generate sufficient revenue to pay for their development and operational costs. </li></ul><ul><li>Often generate sufficient tourist flows to the area </li></ul><ul><li>Overall tourist spending in commercial enterprises more than justifies the cost of developing and operating the attraction </li></ul><ul><li>Economically justified if not financially justified </li></ul>
  3. 8. <ul><li>Designating zones for different types of conservation and use. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strict Preservation Zones – Resource conservation and visitor use is low-intensity with only limited facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Include rare and endangered species </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Important habitats and vulnerable ecosystems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wilderness areas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facility Zones – Typically located near the park entrances for the convenience of the visitors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent accommodation and other commercial facilities are located outside the park but relatively near the entrance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buffer Zones – often designated to protect conservation zones. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 9. <ul><li>Use zones are connected with a circulation network of access points, roads, parking and walking and riding trails </li></ul><ul><li>In some parks, access by private vehicle is prohibited </li></ul><ul><li>Provision of access into the park by private vehicles must be evaluated for each particular situation </li></ul><ul><li>Best approach for development of facilities: Concentrate the major facilities in one area as an integrated complex in the form of a visitor center. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Typically located near the park entrance </li></ul></ul>
  5. 10. <ul><li>Visitor centers should include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpretative material of exhibits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maps and brochures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hall for audio-visual and lecture presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relevant books and/or craft or souvenir items for sale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snack bar or restaurants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toilets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personnel should be available to answer questions of visitors. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to exhibits explaining park features, they should also emphasize the importance of conservation, type of conservation measures being applied in the park, and appropriate conservation-oriented use of the park by visitors </li></ul>
  6. 11. <ul><li>Interpretative signs, rest stations, viewing sites/decks and other small-scale facilities can be located at appropriate places in the park </li></ul>
  7. 12. <ul><li>Require special planning considerations </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation measures should be applied to the use of underwater environments in order to protect reefs and other sea life </li></ul><ul><li>Ecologically important underwater areas: designated as marine parks or reserves with very strict use controls </li></ul><ul><li>Major facilities at beach and marine parks should be set back from the beach or coastline vegetation line </li></ul><ul><li>The main visitor facilities should be planned as an integrated complex visitor center </li></ul>
  8. 13. <ul><li>Zoning for different types of uses such as swimming, boating, water skiing, board and wind surfing and diving (snorkelling and scuba diving) </li></ul>
  9. 15. <ul><li>Visual and performing arts </li></ul><ul><li>Crafts </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional dresses </li></ul><ul><li>Ceremonies </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture and life styles </li></ul>
  10. 16. <ul><li>Can be a major source of income for residents of a tourism area </li></ul><ul><li>A distinction should be made between souvenir items and arts and crafts </li></ul><ul><li>Authenticity of arts and crafts should be retained in terms of use of local designs, materials and craft skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Designs can often be modified to suit the interests of tourists </li></ul><ul><li>Contemporary arts can be sold to tourists at art galleries. </li></ul>
  11. 17. <ul><li>Presentation and sale is through development of integrated craft centers or villages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed in the local traditional architectural style and contains a large number of shops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrations of art and craft production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snack bars and restaurants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Venues for dance, music and drama performances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Located in attractive landscaped environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Located in villages that specializes in production of particular types of crafts. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 18. <ul><li>Organize annual arts or cultural festivals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can attract performing groups, artists and craftsmen throughout the area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often start as being primarily for the enjoyment and benefit of the residents attract domestic and international tourist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be scheduled during typical low tourist season in order to attract more tourists during that period. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consolidating cultural activities in a cultural center </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exhibit areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performing stages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meeting rooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other tourist facilities </li></ul></ul>