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Matter

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Properties of Matter: …

Properties of Matter:
States, Changes, property

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 11
    Properties of Matter
  • 2. Matter
    Is anything that takes up space.
    Examples: ice, water and clouds.
  • 3. Anything you can observeaboutmatter by using one or more of your sense is a Physical Property.
    Physical Properties of Matter
  • 4. Measuring Matter
  • 5. What are States of Matter?
  • 6. Solids:
    Is matter with a volume and shape that stay the same.
  • 7. Liquids:
    Is matter that has a volume that stays the same but a shape that can change.
    A liquid takes the shape of whatever container holds it.
  • 8. Gases:
    A gas has no definite shape or volume.
    A gas takes up all the space in a container.
  • 9. Changes of State
    Condensation
    Evaporation
    The change of liquid to a gas.
    The change of a gas to a liquid.
  • 10. How does the matter changes?
    Physical Changes
    Changes in matter that don’t form new kinds of matter are physical changes.
  • 11. Physical Changes
    Example# 1:
    Cutting:
    Cutting makes a piece of paper smaller, but the paper is still paper.
  • 12. Physical Changes
    Example #2
    Knitting
    Knitting a wool cap.
    The thick wool is cut from sheep in spring.
    The wool is combed into soft strands, which are pulled into threads and twisted to make yarn.
    A knitter then knits the wool yarn into a cap.
    In the cap, the wool looks different from the way it looked on the sheep, but it is still wool.
  • 13. Physical Changes
    Example # 3:
    Mixture
    A mixture is a substance that is made up of two or more kinds of matter.
    You put different types of matter together, but no new types of matter are formed.
  • 14. Solution
    Is a mixture in which different kinds of matter mix evenly.
    Since the sand didn’t dissolve in the water, that mixture wasn’t a solution.
    Your mixture of salt and water was a solution.
    A solution of detergent and water gets dishes clean.
  • 15. Chemical Changes
    Changes that form different kinds of matter are chemical changes.
    Burning
    Cooking
    Rotting
    Rusting

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