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Properties of Matter:
States, Changes, property

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  1. 1. Chapter 11<br />Properties of Matter<br />
  2. 2. Matter<br />Is anything that takes up space.<br />Examples: ice, water and clouds.<br />
  3. 3. Anything you can observeaboutmatter by using one or more of your sense is a Physical Property.<br />Physical Properties of Matter<br />
  4. 4. Measuring Matter<br />
  5. 5. What are States of Matter?<br />
  6. 6. Solids:<br />Is matter with a volume and shape that stay the same.<br />
  7. 7. Liquids:<br />Is matter that has a volume that stays the same but a shape that can change.<br />A liquid takes the shape of whatever container holds it.<br />
  8. 8. Gases:<br />A gas has no definite shape or volume.<br />A gas takes up all the space in a container.<br />
  9. 9. Changes of State<br />Condensation<br />Evaporation<br />The change of liquid to a gas.<br />The change of a gas to a liquid.<br />
  10. 10. How does the matter changes?<br />Physical Changes<br />Changes in matter that don’t form new kinds of matter are physical changes.<br />
  11. 11. Physical Changes<br />Example# 1:<br />Cutting:<br />Cutting makes a piece of paper smaller, but the paper is still paper.<br />
  12. 12. Physical Changes<br />Example #2<br />Knitting<br />Knitting a wool cap. <br />The thick wool is cut from sheep in spring.<br />The wool is combed into soft strands, which are pulled into threads and twisted to make yarn.<br />A knitter then knits the wool yarn into a cap.<br />In the cap, the wool looks different from the way it looked on the sheep, but it is still wool.<br />
  13. 13. Physical Changes<br />Example # 3:<br />Mixture<br />A mixture is a substance that is made up of two or more kinds of matter.<br />You put different types of matter together, but no new types of matter are formed.<br />
  14. 14. Solution<br />Is a mixture in which different kinds of matter mix evenly.<br />Since the sand didn’t dissolve in the water, that mixture wasn’t a solution.<br />Your mixture of salt and water was a solution.<br />A solution of detergent and water gets dishes clean.<br />
  15. 15. Chemical Changes<br />Changes that form different kinds of matter are chemical changes.<br />Burning<br />Cooking<br />Rotting<br />Rusting<br />