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  • 1. RESEARCH MATERIALS & PLAGIARISM To search for information, fact, or truth
  • 2. Where to begin…
    • There are many reference materials:
      • Books
      • Newspapers
      • Encyclopedia- look up key words
      • Bible- look up key words in the topical index
      • Internet- search engines
      • Magazines- Not Teen Magazine ! Try Time or National Geographic
  • 3. But how do I know the info. is true?
    • Are my sources reliable?
      • 1. Check your information against another source
      • 2. Check the tone- Is the author biased/trying to sway your opinion? They should be OBJECTIVE!
      • 3. Is the information up to date?
      • 4. Be a detective- Scope out the author! Look up the author! Are they an expert in the field which they are writing about?
        • Tip: Is your author a hairstylist writing on new medical technologies? –OR- a doctor writing on new medical technologies?
  • 4. Get your own Original Idea! Plagiarism…
  • 5. Plagiarism
    • Plagiarism is using another person's words or ideas without giving credit to that person. Plagiarism is much like lying.
    • But…who are you really cheating if you plagiarize?
    • YOU!
    • You don’t learn the skills if you don’t actually do the work! You’re cheating yourself out of your own education.
  • 6. Is it really a BIG deal?
    • YES!
    • Plagiarism in school/college is grounds for failure or even expulsion. Plagiarism goes on your permanent academic record!
    • Legal punishments for plagiarism range from up to $50,000 in fines or 1 year in prison.
    • Plagiarism in your job= “You’re fired!”
    • Professor John Broderick, ODU English Chair
  • 7. You are plagiarizing if…
    • You don’t put the words of another in quotation marks.
    • You paraphrase the words of another = simply changing a word or phrases here and there.
    • You don’t clearly acknowledge the source of ideas or material taken from another.
    • You don’t make it clear how much you depended on your sources. Can the reader tell the difference between your research and your original ideas?
    • You don’t document sources adequately
    • You purchase a paper online, or “borrow” a friend’s
    • You copy and paste from the internet
    • Even if you give the original author credit, if your work is made up mainly of another’s ideas…YOU ARE PLAGIARIZING!
  • 8. What To Do?
    • Give Credit where Credit is Due!
    • Write down all of the titles, authors, dates, website addresses, publishers, etc. of all the reference materials you use!
    • But…Where do I find this information?
  • 9. Documenting your sources!
  • 10. Don’t get BUSTED! How to document your sources of information…
      • In English, we will use MLA style:
      • 1. all information is arranged in alphabetical order by the author’s last name!
      • 2. all information should be double spaced with all lines after the first indented!
      • 3. Punctuation is very important! Your documentation is not correct unless your punctuation is correct!
  • 11. What should my documentation look like?
    • for books:
      • author's last name, author's first name or initial, Title . where it
      • was published: company it’s published by, date published. (Print)
      • Article in Encyclopedia:
      • Author (if there is one). “Topic.” Title of Encyclopedia . Edition.
      • Year published. (Print)
      • Article in a magazine:
      • Author’s last name, first name. “Title of article.” Title of Magazine
      • date article was published: pages of article. (Print)
      • ***(notice double spacing and hanging indent)
  • 12. What should my documentation look like?
    • Newspaper article:
    • author’s last name, author’s first name. “Title of article.”
      • Title of newspaper printing date (day month year), edition of
      • newspaper: pg. (Print)
    • Online Newspaper article:
    • Author’s last name, author’s first name. “Title of Article.”
      • Title of newspaper . Day of publication month of publication year
      • of publication. date of access (day month year) <url>. (Online)
  • 13. What should my documentation look like?
    • An entire website:
    • Title of site . Ed. Followed by name of editor. Date of publication or
      • update. Date of access (day month year) <url>. (Online)
      • Interview:
      • Last name of person interviewed, first name. Personal Interview,
      • date. (Interview)
      • *** (notice double spacing and hanging indent)
  • 14. But what if I use someone’s words or ideas in my paper?
    • In-text citations: use in-text citations/parenthetical documentation after the quote, idea, or information from another author.
    • In-text citations look like this: (Smith 5)
      • the author’s last name and the page number go in parenthesis
      • in-text citations go right inside the period.
      • * If you write an entire paragraph of info. from another source- you don’t need these at the end of each sentence…only at the end of the paragraph!
      • Note: If you mention the author’s name in your info. Then you only need the page number in ( ).
  • 15. “ I can’t find all the info!!!”
    • If you cannot find an author- cite the title or a shortened version of the title and the page #
    • Ex: ( American Cars 67).
      • (“Dolphin in the Atlantic” C5).
      • After your information from an online source, simply cite the author (Davidson). Or the article title (“Boat Sinks Off Coast”) because there are usually no page numbers
  • 16. In-text Citation Examples
    • In his article, White explains that an unnoticed puck is very familiar to the Admirals. It seems late goals have been common for the Admirals this year (C2).
    • “ Sunday, Gordon charged from 16 th to first in five laps” (Long C3). Moves like this helped Gordon surpass Earnhardt’s career total.