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  1. 1. RESEARCH MATERIALS & PLAGIARISM To search for information, fact, or truth
  2. 2. Where to begin… • There are many reference materials: – Books – Newspapers – Encyclopedia- look up key words – Bible- look up key words in the topical index – Internet- search engines – Magazines- Not Teen Magazine! Try Time or National Geographic
  3. 3. But how do I know the info. is true? • Are my sources reliable? – 1. Check your information against another source – 2. Check the tone- Is the author biased/trying to sway your opinion? They should be OBJECTIVE! – 3. Is the information up to date? – 4. Be a detective- Scope out the author! Look up the author! Are they an expert in the field which they are writing about? • Tip: Is your author a hairstylist writing on new medical technologies? –OR- a doctor writing on new medical technologies?
  4. 4. Get your own Original Idea! Plagiarism…
  5. 5. Plagiarism • Plagiarism is using another person's words or ideas without giving credit to that person. Plagiarism is much like lying. • But…who are you really cheating if you plagiarize? • YOU! • You don’t learn the skills if you don’t actually do the work! You’re cheating yourself out of your own education.
  6. 6. Is it really a BIG deal? • YES! • Plagiarism in school/college is grounds for failure or even expulsion. Plagiarism goes on your permanent academic record! • Legal punishments for plagiarism range from up to $50,000 in fines or 1 year in prison. • Plagiarism in your job= “You’re fired!” • Professor John Broderick, ODU English Chair
  7. 7. You are plagiarizing if… • You don’t put the words of another in quotation marks. • You paraphrase the words of another = simply changing a word or phrases here and there. • You don’t clearly acknowledge the source of ideas or material taken from another. • You don’t make it clear how much you depended on your sources. Can the reader tell the difference between your research and your original ideas? • You don’t document sources adequately • You purchase a paper online, or “borrow” a friend’s • You copy and paste from the internet • Even if you give the original author credit, if your work is made up mainly of another’s ideas…YOU ARE PLAGIARIZING!
  8. 8. What To Do? • Give Credit where Credit is Due! • Write down all of the titles, authors, dates, website addresses, publishers, etc. of all the reference materials you use! • But…Where do I find this information?
  9. 9. Documenting your sources!
  10. 10. Don’t get BUSTED! How to document your sources of information… In English, we will use MLA style: – 1. all information is arranged in alphabetical order by the author’s last name! – 2. all information should be double spaced with all lines after the first indented! – 3. Punctuation is very important! Your documentation is not correct unless your punctuation is correct!
  11. 11. What should my documentation look like? • for books: author's last name, author's first name or initial, Title. where it was published: company it’s published by, date published. (Print) Article in Encyclopedia: Author (if there is one). “Topic.” Title of Encyclopedia. Edition. Year published. (Print) – Article in a magazine: Author’s last name, first name. “Title of article.” Title of Magazine date article was published: pages of article. (Print) ***(notice double spacing and hanging indent)
  12. 12. What should my documentation look like? • Newspaper article: • author’s last name, author’s first name. “Title of article.” Title of newspaper printing date (day month year), edition of newspaper: pg. (Print) • Online Newspaper article: • Author’s last name, author’s first name. “Title of Article.” Title of newspaper. Day of publication month of publication year of publication. date of access (day month year) <url>. (Online)
  13. 13. What should my documentation look like? • An entire website: • Title of site. Ed. Followed by name of editor. Date of publication or update. Date of access (day month year) <url>. (Online) Interview: Last name of person interviewed, first name. Personal Interview, date. (Interview) *** (notice double spacing and hanging indent)
  14. 14. But what if I use someone’s words or ideas in my paper? • In-text citations: use in-text citations/parenthetical documentation after the quote, idea, or information from another author. • In-text citations look like this: (Smith 5) – the author’s last name and the page number go in parenthesis – in-text citations go right inside the period. * If you write an entire paragraph of info. from another source- you don’t need these at the end of each sentence…only at the end of the paragraph! Note: If you mention the author’s name in your info. Then you only need the page number in ( ).
  15. 15. “I can’t find all the info!!!” • If you cannot find an author- cite the title or a shortened version of the title and the page # • Ex: (American Cars 67). – (“Dolphin in the Atlantic” C5). – After your information from an online source, simply cite the author (Davidson). Or the article title (“Boat Sinks Off Coast”) because there are usually no page numbers
  16. 16. In-text Citation Examples • In his article, White explains that an unnoticed puck is very familiar to the Admirals. It seems late goals have been common for the Admirals this year (C2). • “Sunday, Gordon charged from 16th to first in five laps” (Long C3). Moves like this helped Gordon surpass Earnhardt’s career total.