What’s Unani medicine ?Unani medicine as its name owes its origin to Greece hascome a long way to its present destination. As it is calledsynonimically by various other names such as the medicine ofMuslims, Islamic medicine, the Ionian medicine or as Arabicmedicine. Now regarded as a one of the main streamcategory of Indian system of medicine and is mainstreamingmedical education.The growth of Unani medicine has spread its roots in thewestern countries as a part of the CAM-complementary healthservices and holistic healthcare services. As a branch ofalternate medicine it is spreading its frontiers form the east tothe west and its popularity rising and spreading by the word ofmouth.
Avicenna describes in his “Al qanoon fil tibb” part IV , Section I treatment comprises ofthree things;•Regimen and diet•Medication•Manual operationsBy regimen it pertains to the management of essential factors which have beenenumerated and are operating on life in a regular custom, food being one of the majorparts of the two entities.Food is also an important aspect of the regular treatment procedure but as long asregimental types are maintained they can be settled for the best use and also forpreventive , curative measures for fast prognosis of the disease and better quality oftreatment.
concept & theoryThe concepts of Unani medicine range from the concepts of humoral theory (Akhlath) as well as from that of the temperament (Mizaj) and are being practiced from a long time through many generations with it’s time tested period. Along with The seven umur –[components] which are responsible for life.
Umoor-components1. Al - Arkan / Al Anasir-elements.2. Al –Mizaj (Temperament)3. Al – Akhlat (Humours – body fluids)4. Al – A’za’ (organs or members)5. Al – Arwah (Pneuma or vital spirit)6. Al – Quwa (faculties or powers)7. Al – Af’al (functions)
Gahir Zaroriyah- efficient caUses• Al - Bilad (geographical conditions of the country and town and other related matters)• Al - Masakin (residential conditions and related matters)• At - Sena’at (occupation and related matters)• At – ‘Adat (habits and related matters)• Al – Asnan (Age and related matters)• Al – Ajnas (sex and related matters)• Ummur muzadat-tabi’at (Any other factor antagonistic to nature and artificial ionizing radiations, electricity and other natural forces).
CauterizationCauterization as its name suggests to it is burning, theprocess of using the concept of burning methodology forhaemostatic conditions of the diseased tissue or an overgrowth , in form of beauty treatments , the small overgrowthfreckles on the facial skin is been a hindrance in the beauty ofthe woman who has been facing for a long time .The old method of cauterization was described by the firstsurgeon of the tibb –Al Zehravi – in his book al tasrif and alsotypical surgical instruments were prepared for the process ofcauterization.Mohamed Kamal Hussein describes briefly the use ofcauterization , in his book The concise history of medicine ,that these were the first sort of methods during wars where inthe bleeding wound were haemostatic by application of fire atopen wounds.
DiuresisDiuresis is been the strongest point of treatment among unanipractioners as of the fact of excretion of the drug out of the bodyafter its action in the body there are a number of methods forhaving the drug expelled out of the body from water – waterexpulsion to side effect of the drug or water taken as the mediumof drug induction in the body.The common use of coffee as an diuretic is a common tradition insouthern India which is been followed without even the thought ofit being a diuretic by nature , this is given to the mother soon afterher labour , the concept as a traditional custom in most parts ofthe houses and it is been a customary practice to carry somecoffee powder along with the wheat bread to visit the new bornand the mother , the coffee being a diuretic it acts a regimentaltherapy here even though it’s a traditional custom and has beenfollowed from ages , this lost concept has been introduced withthe modern western treatment of post labor management , this isone such example which had been un seen off , but is been usedfor ages and accepted unconditionally by the society of thesubcontinent.
DiaphoresisDiaphoresis , which is excessive sweating and this could becommonly associated with shock and immediate medicalemergencies according to the western medicine , but this is beenin use form ages and also has a description that this concept isone of a best remedy in the treatment of fevers and upperrespiratory tract infections .When having a comparison with the present fever concept , riseof temperature is termed as pyrexia or commonly called as fever ,but this was only a rise of temperature concept and to reduce therise of temperature in the body the only concept was to bring outperspiration .From a long time , according to al qanoon of Avicenna , HassanKamal describes in his encyclopedia that Tukhm-eRehancommonly called as basil seeds were the best for the processesof increased perspiration.
EmesisVomiting , the forceful expulsion of one’s stomach contentsthough the oral route , this has been into a practice since 14thcentaury AD, simple tips of vomiting when found regurgitation ofexcess food or by due to the nausea tic effect of occupation .Vomiting has been advised during some treatments ofheadaches, like even simple head ache, the most is in hystericalheadaches, simple method of inducing vomiting is just touch ofthe beetle leaf at the end of the epiglottis , this was practiced toinduce vomiting in hysterical patients ,and can even be seen as atreatment for hysterical women , even now in the remote villagesof southern india , during documentation on such practicing folkhealer was documented and according to her a simple method ofvomiting like this is very beneficial in treating hysterical patients .
PurgationPurging , this concept is the begin of every treatment , thediseased person is first administered to purgation before anytreatment is started , with a concept of cleansing of the intestinesso that the medicine is absorbed easier and will be faster in thetreatment process.The old classics of using fermentative recepies for treatment ofchronic diseases are a classic example of purgation this concepthas been in use as a complementary therapy even along with thewestern medicine.For example when we look at the thought of supplements ofvitamins in the body, it has been observed that along with themultivitamins purgatives have been advised.The concept of enema is also a regimental therapy in care of apregnant women, with some archives taking back to 10th centaury herbs like amaltass Cassia family were used though enema forpurgation before labor and this is now substituted with soap waterwhich could be a irritated purgation than the old traditional herbalpurgation .
VenisectionVenisection, this type of regimental therapy was the first sort oftreatment for hysterical women and people suffering from chronicheadaches “Al Zehravi the first ever surgeon used this first timeto evacuate the abnormal collected blood from the body.Even to this date , the tribes in the afghan deserts use leaf ofhard lemon grass for Venisection and these leaf blades are usedto cut the vies so that it is not painful *. These are used astraditions of long term ages and these have been into practice.When we have a comparison with the modern medicine thepsychologists use this concept in treating the psychologicaldiseases like hysteria and night mare.An incision is done at the veins of the neck in the occipital regionand as this is painful and the lemon grass acts as an antidepressant.
CuppingCupping , the cup is full of pain relaxing , what can one need ,more than a cup of earth to relieve pain , these were the wordswhen a old person who was travelling for hajj replied when asked, what would he do for sever head ache ,he smiled and repliedthese words ,he continued describing the application of cups ,earthen pots described in the hadiyath that its been discussedthat u just have to do cupping to get relieved from head ache ,the next line was : was there any medicine in about 500 yrs agofor simple treatments of head ache ? , there was only aregimental therapy and not the medication for these kinds ofsymptoms.When we look back to the archives Avicenna describes cuppingas the main source to relieve pain. Let us compare this to stressmanagement. a pilot study was done , cupping with small mudpot was used to get relief from pain of the back after caesareansection .
LeechingLeeching, the occupation becomes a hazard for some like thepolice men, teachers and working people who are alwaysstanding; the women stand the whole day for example womenkeep two –three pots on the head for at least 2-3 hrs on theirhead while they sell drinking water at the elephant caves –MumbaiAnd these women develop varicose veins , as a remedy forvaricose veins they pick up the leech at the side of the water bedand apply it to the varicose vein , the leech sucks up the wholeblood at the engorged vein releasing the blood clot. This helpsthem without painful procedure and no cost for the treatment ofvaricose veins. Regimental therapy , An emerging entity from tibb for well being of a person17th November 2009, Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
MassageMassage, this type of regimental therapy is been inpractice for a longer time in different form for differentpeople and different age groups .The basics of massagerelies on the concept of the pressure points of thebody .A simple massage can be very effective than astrong pain reliever . This has been observed in musclepull of the calf muscles.A simple poultices prepared from neem leaves , gratedcoconut and lemon , acts very soothing for the massageprocedures of relief of pain during back ache arthritisand muscle twitches
Fomentation and Turkish bathExercise, fomentation and Turkish bathsAll the three have become chapter of the spa industrybut this concept was started way back for the well beingof the person and as a rejuvenation therapy. This wasadvised as a part of the treatment or as a regimentaltherapy .
General statement of treatment Regimen and diet Use of Medicines Manual operations
holistic approachAttempt to provide the best of physical mental and spiritual health by promoting inherent mechanism of the body which is natural with the help of faith , dietary regulation and keeping of seasonal daily routines of life.
medicine• Home remedies• Single & simple drugs.• Simple formulations• Compound formulations
reliGioUs coUnsellinGInstructions of each religion.Boundaries between each religionBoundaries with in each religion.Customs and traditions followedthrough ages.
DUA, DAWA and TAWAKAL ALLAH(SUPPLICATION, MEDICINE and RELIANCE on ALL MIGHTY).
Why Unani medicine for malaysia• As of the online survey –95% of Malaysian women buy products for reproductive health management online which are about 60% from Unani medicine.• 95% of Malaysian older population buy Unani medicine online of unani origin for geriaritic care and anti ageing therapies…
……Unani medicine & malaysia• Common cultural background• Common practices• Common belief• Common theology• Common herbs• Common regimen therapies.
edUcation …..• Short courses• Short term diplomas• Diploma courses• Graduate courses• Post –graduate programs• Inter-cultrural exchnage programs.
Are we heading forward or we are going back!!!!!!!!