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Ayurveda (Sanskrit: आयुर्वेद Āyurveda , "life-knowledge"; English pronunciation /ˌaɪ.ərˈveɪdə/) or Ayurvedic medicine is a system of medicine with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent. Globalized and modernized practices derived from Ayurvedic traditions are a type of complementary or alternative medicine.Ayurveda is the ancient Indian system of natural and holistic medicine. When translated from Sanskrit, Ayurveda means “the science of life”

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  1. 1. AYURVEDA (Indian Tradition of medication) K.Sudheer Kumar, Assistant professor. Dept.of pharmacognosy Chilkur Balaji college of Pharmacy Hyderabad.
  3. 3. AYURVEDA (The Complete Knowledge for long life) Ancient science of life In ‘SANSKRIT’, the word Ayurveda consists of two words AYUR- Life VEDA - Knowledge or science. INTRODUCTION
  4. 4. ORGIN OF AYURVEDA Oldest form of health care in the world Upaveda of Atharvanaveda. DEFINITION:- “All medicines intended for internal or external use for or in the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation or prevention of diseases/disorder in human beings or animals.
  5. 5. Authoritative books of Ayurvedic system Arogya kalpadruma Charaka Samhita Kupi pakva Rasayana Arka Prakasha
  6. 6. OBJECTIVES OFAYURVEDA:- i) Swasthyas Swaastha Rakshanam o Keeping the healthy person healthy (ii) Vyadhakanam Vyadhi Paramokshaha o Person who does not have this knowledge of how to stay optimally healthy or does not implement the knowledge and gets out of balance.
  7. 7. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF AYURVEDA (1) Panchamahabhuta Siddhanta (2) Tridosha theory (Three pillars of life) (3) Guna-Rasa- Virya- Vipaka- Prabhava Siddhanta
  8. 8. PANCHAMAHABHUTA SIDDHANTA Space or void (Akash) Earth or solid (Prithvi) Air (Vayu) Energy or fire (Teja) Water or liquid (Apa or jal)
  9. 9. Tridosha theory Vata (Space and air), Pitta (energy and liquid), Kapha (Liquid and solid) Exists inseven forms called Saptadhatu (Rasa, Rakta, Meda, Mamsa, Majja, Shukra, Asthi) Tissues are subject to wear and tear so that mala(excretoy material) is fomed. Imbalance in these three factors develops disease in the body.
  10. 10. Rasa-Guna-virya-vipka-Prabhava Siddhanta:- Ayurvedic therapeutics is based on the pharmacological principles known as Panchsheel. Type Composition Character Madhur (Sweet) Solid + Liquid ( Prithvi + jal) Pitta increasing, Kapha decreasing Amla (sour) Solid + energy (Prithvi + Tej) Pitta increasing Lavan (saline) Liquid + energy (jal + tej) Kapha and pitta increasing Katu (pungent) Air + energy (vayu + tej) Vaata increasing Tikta (bitter) Air + space (vayu + akasha) Vata, pitta increasing Kasaya (astringent) Air + solid (vayu + prithvi) Vaata increasing
  11. 11. Rasa:- Therapeutically active agents Guna :- Certain physical attribution of drug, which effect the tridosha. Vipaka :- End product of all digestive transformation of drug Virya :- An active principle by with potency is charecterised. Prabhava :- Actual therapeutically activity of the drug in the individual.
  12. 12. AYURVEDIC DOSAGE FORMS:- These can be grouped into four types a) Solid or tablet dosage forms : Vatika Dumapana Guggula b)Semi solid dosage forms : Kalka
  13. 13. c) Liquid dosage forms: i) Aqueous : Swarasa, Kasaya, Kwatha ii) Oily : Taila iii) Spiritous : Sura,Asava d) Powder dosage forms: Churna Bhasma
  14. 14. CONCLUSION The theories of Panchamahabhutha-Tridosha are the fundamental basis for its Pathophysiological condition Rasa-Guna-Virya-Vipaka-Prabhava are principles for pharmacological basis of ayurvedic therapeutics.
  16. 16. THANK YOU