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Overview of Boston’sPopulationPresentation to the Boston Public LibraryAlvaro Lima, Director of ResearchBoston Redevelopme...
 801,444	  	  	  697,197	  	  	  641,071	  	  	  562,994	  	  	  574,283	  	  	  589,141	  	  	  617,594	  	  400,000450,0...
Source: US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division AnalysisMajor Northeastern Cities and Population Change, 2010 CensusCity	 ...
Source: US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis25 Largest US Cities and Population Change, 2010 CensusCity	  	  T...
Demographic Breakdown of Boston’s PopulationSource:Age – 2010 Census, BRA Research Division AnalysisNativity – 2005-2009 A...
Source: 2005-2009 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division AnalysisEducational Attainment of Population, 1980 and ...
Educational Attainment by Nativity32.1%	  21.9%	  12.6%	  5.3%	  16.8%	  11.4%	  23.1%	  16.8%	  18.1%	  3.8%	  24.0%	  14...
Racial and Ethnic Breakdown for Boston’s Population, 1980-2010  Over the last several decades, the racial and ethnic comp...
Source:	  2010	  U.S.	  Census,	  BRA	  Research	  Division	  Analysis	  Population Change - BRA Planning Districts (2000 ...
Source:	  2010	  U.S.	  Census,	  BRA	  Research	  Division	  Analysis	  Change in White Population – BRA Planning Distric...
Source:	  2010	  U.S.	  Census,	  BRA	  Research	  Division	  Analysis	  Change in Black or African American Population – ...
Source:	  2010	  U.S.	  Census,	  BRA	  Research	  Division	  Analysis	  Change in Hispanic/Latino Population – BRA Planni...
Source:	  2010	  U.S.	  Census,	  BRA	  Research	  Division	  Analysis	  Change in Asian Population – BRA Planning Distric...
Source:	  2010	  U.S.	  Census,	  BRA	  Research	  Division	  Analysis	  0.00	  0.10	  0.20	  0.30	  0.40	  0.50	  0.60	  ...
Boston’s ForeignBorn Population
Proportion of the Population that is Foreign Born (1850-2009)  Historically, Boston has had a greater proportion of forei...
1860 – 1900 1910 – 1960 1970 – 2006Regions of Origin Boston (1860 to 2006)Source: http://www.census.gov/population/www/doc...
Countries of Origin for Boston’s Foreign-Born Population, 2009  Today most of Boston’s immigrants come from the Caribbean...
1672113825611437842010-10001000300050007000900011000130001500017000DominicanRepublicHaiti Jamaica Trinidad andTobagoBarbad...
334926642465 23901710010002000300040005000600070008000Ireland Russia United Kingdom Italy Ukraine7421422929322688659010002...
63154622930 819 80601000200030004000500060007000Colombia Brazil Peru Venezuela Guyana6566209312349946330100020003000400050...
Top Ten First Reported Ancestries in Boston (2011)77,77838,04819,009 18,68315,68710,668 9,743 8,605 7,555 6,439010,00020,0...
Boston’sForeignBornPopulationSource:	  2009	  American	  Community	  Survey	  Public	  Use	  Micro-­‐data	  Sample	  (PUMS...
Top 5 Countries of Origin for Foreign-Born Population by Planning District (2011)Source: 2007-2011 American Community Surv...
Top 5 Countries of Origin for Foreign-Born Population by Planning District (2011)Source: 2007-2011 American Community Surv...
Top 5 Countries of Origin for Foreign-Born Population by Planning District (2011)Source: 2007-2011 American Community Surv...
Top 5 Countries of Origin for Foreign-Born Population by Planning District (2011)Source: 2007-2011 American Community Surv...
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  1. 1. Overview of Boston’sPopulationPresentation to the Boston Public LibraryAlvaro Lima, Director of ResearchBoston Redevelopment AuthorityJune - 2013
  2. 2.  801,444      697,197      641,071      562,994      574,283      589,141      617,594    400,000450,000500,000550,000600,000650,000700,000750,000800,000850,0001950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010Source: US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division AnalysisHistoric Trends – Boston’s Population  Boston reached its population peak in 1950.  Boston’s population, like many major cities, declined after 1950.  In recent decades, Boston’s population has grown.  The 2010 Census marks the first time since 1970 that Boston’s population has been over 600,000.
  3. 3. Source: US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division AnalysisMajor Northeastern Cities and Population Change, 2010 CensusCity  Total  Popula8on  Popula8on  Change    2000-­‐2010  2000   2010   N   %          Washington  (DC)   572,059   601,723   29,664   5.2%          Worcester  (MA)   172,648   181,045   8,397   4.9%          Boston  (MA)   589,141   617,594   28,453   4.8%          Cambridge  (MA)   101,355   105,162   3,807   3.8%          Elizabeth  (NJ)   120,568   124,969   4,401   3.7%          HarKord  (CT)   121,578   124,775   3,197   2.6%          Providence  (RI)   173,618   178,042   4,424   2.5%          New  York  (NY)   8,008,278   8,175,133   166,855   2.1%          Newark  (NJ)   273,546   277,140   3,594   1.3%          Springfield  (MA)   152,082   153,060   978   0.6%          Philadelphia  (PA)   1,517,550   1,526,006   8,456   0.6%          BalWmore  (MD)   651,154   620,961   -­‐30,193   -­‐4.6%          PiYsburgh  (PA)   334,563   305,704   -­‐28,859   -­‐8.6%          Buffalo  (NY)   292,648   261,310   -­‐31,338   -­‐10.7%    Boston’s population growth since 2000 compares favorably to most other northeastern cities.
  4. 4. Source: US Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis25 Largest US Cities and Population Change, 2010 CensusCity    Total  Popula8on   Popula8on  Change  2000-­‐2010  2000   2010   N   %          Fort  Worth  (TX)   534,694     741,206     206,512     38.6%          CharloYe  (NC)   540,828     731,424     190,596     35.2%          AusWn  (TX)   656,562     790,390     133,828     20.4%          San  Antonio  (TX)   1,144,646     1,327,407     182,761     16.0%          El  Paso  (TX)   563,662     649,121     85,459     15.2%          Jacksonville  (FL)   735,617     821,784     86,167     11.7%          Columbus  (OH)   711,470     787,033     75,563     10.6%          Nashville  (TN)   545,524     601,222     55,698     10.2%          Phoenix  (AZ)   1,321,045     1,445,632     124,587     9.4%          SeaYle  (WA)   563,374     608,660     45,286     8.0%          Houston  (TX)   1,953,631     2,099,451     145,820     7.5%          San  Diego  (CA)   1,223,400     1,307,402     84,002     6.9%          San  Jose  (CA)   894,943     945,942     50,999     5.7%          Washington  (DC)   572,059     601,723     29,664     5.2%          Indianapolis  (IN)   781,870     820,445     38,575     4.9%          Boston  (MA)   589,141     617,594     28,453     4.8%          San  Francisco  (CA)   776,733     805,235     28,502     3.7%          Los  Angeles  (CA)   3,694,820     3,792,621     97,801     2.6%          New  York  City  (NY)   8,008,278     8,175,133     166,855     2.1%          Dallas  (TX)   1,188,580     1,197,816     9,236     0.8%          Philadelphia  (PA)   1,517,550     1,526,006     8,456     0.6%          Memphis  (TN)   650,100     646,889     -­‐3,211   -­‐0.5%          BalWmore  (MD)   651,154     620,961     -­‐30,193   -­‐4.6%          Chicago  (IL)   2,896,016     2,695,598     -­‐200,418   -­‐6.9%          Detroit  (MI)   951,270     713,777     -­‐237,493   -­‐25.0%    Boston’s population growth rate since 2000 was higher than the rates for NewYork and San Francisco.  Four of the 25 largest cities experienced population declines between 2000 and 2010.
  5. 5. Demographic Breakdown of Boston’s PopulationSource:Age – 2010 Census, BRA Research Division AnalysisNativity – 2005-2009 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis  Boston is a young city. Currently Boston has the 2nd highest concentration of young adults (20-34) amongst thelargest 25 cities in the US.  Boston is a diverse city.Today, Boston ranks 6th among the 25 largest cities in the US in proportion of thepopulation that is foreign-born.73%  27%  Na8vity  NaWve   Foreign  -­‐  Born  22%  35%  24%  19%  Age  0  -­‐  19  years   20  -­‐  34  years  35  -­‐  54  years   55  and  older  
  6. 6. Source: 2005-2009 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division AnalysisEducational Attainment of Population, 1980 and 2005-2009  Boston has one of the most highly-educated populations among major American cities.  42.9% of Boston’s adult population has at least a bachelor’s degree, ranking Boston 5th amongst the 30largest cities in the nation.
  7. 7. Educational Attainment by Nativity32.1%  21.9%  12.6%  5.3%  16.8%  11.4%  23.1%  16.8%  18.1%  3.8%  24.0%  14.1%  0.0%  5.0%  10.0%  15.0%  20.0%  25.0%  30.0%  35.0%  Less  than  HS   High  School   Some  College   Associates  Degree  Bachelors  Degree  Graduate  Degree  Foreign-­‐Born  NaWve-­‐Born  Source:  2009  American  Community  Survey  Public  Use  Micro-­‐data  Sample  (PUMS),  BRA  Research  Division  Analysis    Overall, Boston’s foreign-born population is less-educated than its native residents.
  8. 8. Racial and Ethnic Breakdown for Boston’s Population, 1980-2010  Over the last several decades, the racial and ethnic composition of Boston has changed a great deal  In 1980, close to 70% of Boston was white. Today, only half the city is white.  The last two Census reports show Boston as a “majority-minority” city.Source: U.S. Census Bureau, BRA Research Division Analysis.Note: 2000 was the first year the Census compiled data on individuals who identified themselves as “multiracial”68%22%6%1%3%198047%22%18%0%9%2% 2%201050%24%14%0%8% 1% 3%200059%24%11%0% 5% 1%1990
  9. 9. Source:  2010  U.S.  Census,  BRA  Research  Division  Analysis  Population Change - BRA Planning Districts (2000 – 2010)Boston,  4.8%  Allston-­‐Brighton,  7.7%  Back  Bay-­‐Beacon  Hill,  2.8%  Central,  22.7%  Charlestown,  8.2%  East  Boston,  5.5%  Fenway-­‐Kenmore,  14.9%  Harbor  Islands,  -­‐16.4%  Hyde  Park,  1.1%  Jamaica  Plain,  4.5%  MaSapan,  -­‐8.0%  North  Dorchester,  -­‐1.4%  Roslindale,  -­‐6.2%  Roxbury,  5.5%  South  Boston,  12.4%  South  Dorchester,  -­‐5.4%  South  End,  22.9%  West  Roxbury,  5.9%  -­‐20%  -­‐15%  -­‐10%  -­‐5%  0%  5%  10%  15%  20%  25%  0   2   4   6   8   10   12   14   16   18   20  Popula8on  Change  (2000  -­‐  2010)  Planning  Districts  
  10. 10. Source:  2010  U.S.  Census,  BRA  Research  Division  Analysis  Change in White Population – BRA Planning Districts (2000 – 2010)Boston;  -­‐0.4%  Allston-­‐Brighton;  3.6%  Back  Bay-­‐Beacon  Hill;  -­‐1.5%  Central;  20.2%  Charlestown;  4.3%  East  Boston;  -­‐21.1%  Fenway-­‐Kenmore;  8.4%  Harbor  Islands;  -­‐36.5%  Hyde  Park;  -­‐34.1%  Jamaica  Plain;  12.5%  MaSapan;  -­‐12.1%  North  Dorchester;  -­‐3.8%  Roslindale;  -­‐18.2%  Roxbury;  42.7%  South  Boston;  4.8%  South  Dorchester;  -­‐17.7%  South  End;  34.4%  West  Roxbury;  -­‐7.2%  -­‐50%  -­‐40%  -­‐30%  -­‐20%  -­‐10%  0%  10%  20%  30%  40%  50%  0   2   4   6   8   10   12   14   16   18   20  Change  in  White  Popula8on  (2000  -­‐  2010)  Planning  Districts  
  11. 11. Source:  2010  U.S.  Census,  BRA  Research  Division  Analysis  Change in Black or African American Population – BRA Planning Districts (2000 – 2010)Boston;  -­‐1.6%  Allston-­‐Brighton;  10.3%  Back  Bay-­‐Beacon  Hill;  5.1%  Central;  36.2%  Charlestown;  41.7%  East  Boston;  9.0%  Fenway-­‐Kenmore;  4.3%  Harbor  Islands;  -­‐16.4%  Hyde  Park;  21.1%  Jamaica  Plain;  -­‐16.0%  MaSapan;  -­‐10.7%  North  Dorchester;  -­‐7.2%  Roslindale;  15.2%  Roxbury;  -­‐6.1%  South  Boston;  112.1%  South  Dorchester;  -­‐6.0%  South  End;  -­‐7.5%  West  Roxbury;  72.2%  -­‐40%  -­‐20%  0%  20%  40%  60%  80%  100%  120%  0   2   4   6   8   10   12   14   16   18   20  Change  in  Black  or  African  American  Popula8on  (2000  -­‐  2010)  Planning  Districts  
  12. 12. Source:  2010  U.S.  Census,  BRA  Research  Division  Analysis  Change in Hispanic/Latino Population – BRA Planning Districts (2000 – 2010)Boston;  26.8%  Allston-­‐Brighton;  17.4%  Back  Bay-­‐Beacon  Hill;  29.8%  Central;  68.2%  Charlestown;  -­‐9.8%  East  Boston;  42.9%  Fenway-­‐Kenmore;  28.0%  Harbor  Islands;  11.7%  Hyde  Park;  62.0%  Jamaica  Plain;  -­‐2.2%  MaSapan;  20.1%  North  Dorchester;  15.9%  Roslindale;  16.1%  Roxbury;  29.0%  South  Boston;  49.1%  South  Dorchester;  22.1%  South  End;  20.3%  West  Roxbury;  96.6%  -­‐20%  0%  20%  40%  60%  80%  100%  120%  0   2   4   6   8   10   12   14   16   18   20  Change  in  Hispanic/La8no  Popula8on  (2000  -­‐  2010)  Planning  Districts  
  13. 13. Source:  2010  U.S.  Census,  BRA  Research  Division  Analysis  Change in Asian Population – BRA Planning Districts (2000 – 2010)Boston;  24.6%  Allston-­‐Brighton;  20.7%  Back  Bay-­‐Beacon  Hill;  44.9%  Central;  18.5%  Charlestown;  77.2%  East  Boston;  -­‐8.6%  Fenway-­‐Kenmore;  46.3%  Harbor  Islands;  100.0%  Hyde  Park;  12.6%  Jamaica  Plain;  26.7%  MaSapan;  6.9%  North  Dorchester;  -­‐0.4%  Roslindale;  -­‐19.6%  Roxbury;  124.7%  South  Boston;  40.6%  South  Dorchester;  11.9%  South  End;  44.6%  West  Roxbury;  81.5%  -­‐40%  -­‐20%  0%  20%  40%  60%  80%  100%  120%  140%  0   2   4   6   8   10   12   14   16   18   20  Change  in  Asian  Popula8on  (2000  -­‐  2010)  Planning  Districts  
  14. 14. Source:  2010  U.S.  Census,  BRA  Research  Division  Analysis  0.00  0.10  0.20  0.30  0.40  0.50  0.60  0.70  0.80  North  Dorchester  South  Dorchester    Harbor  Islands  Boston  South  End  Roslindale  Hyde  Park  Jamaica  Plain  Roxbury  East  Boston  Feneway/  Kenmore  Allston/  Brighton  Central  West  Roxbury  Charlestown  MaSapan  South  Boston  Back  Bay/  Beacon  Hill  Planning District Diversity Index (2000-2010)2010   2000  
  15. 15. Boston’s ForeignBorn Population
  16. 16. Proportion of the Population that is Foreign Born (1850-2009)  Historically, Boston has had a greater proportion of foreign-born residents than both the Commonwealth ofMassachusetts and the nation as a whole.  Since the 1970s, the proportion of foreign-born residents in Boston has grown dramatically.Source: U.S. Census Bureau,American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis  0%5%10%15%20%25%30%35%40%185018601870188018901900191019201930194019501960197019801990200020062009BostonMassachusettsUnited States
  17. 17. 1860 – 1900 1910 – 1960 1970 – 2006Regions of Origin Boston (1860 to 2006)Source: http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0029/twps0029.html#data, 2000 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis
  18. 18. Countries of Origin for Boston’s Foreign-Born Population, 2009  Today most of Boston’s immigrants come from the Caribbean, Latin America, and AsiaSource: 2005-2009 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis.2.2%3.7%4.0%4.2%4.4%4.5%4.6%7.9%9.0%9.4%0.0% 1.0% 2.0% 3.0% 4.0% 5.0% 6.0% 7.0% 8.0% 9.0% 10.0%IrelandJamaicaColombiaCapeVerdeBrazilEl SalvadorVietnamHaitiChinaDominican RepublicShare of the Foreign-Born Population in Boston
  19. 19. 1672113825611437842010-10001000300050007000900011000130001500017000DominicanRepublicHaiti Jamaica Trinidad andTobagoBarbados166688344390523241499-10001000300050007000900011000130001500017000China Vietnam India Korea JapanTop Five Caribbean Countries of Origin Top Five Asian Countries of OriginSource: 2007-2011 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis.Countries of Origin for Boston’s Foreign-Born Population by Region, 2011
  20. 20. 334926642465 23901710010002000300040005000600070008000Ireland Russia United Kingdom Italy Ukraine7421422929322688659010002000300040005000600070008000El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico PanamaTop Five European Countries of Origin Top Five Central American Countries of OriginSource: 2007-2011 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis.Countries of Origin for Boston’s Foreign-Born Population by Region, 2011
  21. 21. 63154622930 819 80601000200030004000500060007000Colombia Brazil Peru Venezuela Guyana65662093123499463301000200030004000500060007000Cape Verde Nigeria Morocco Ethiopia GhanaTop Five South American Countries of Origin Top Five African Countries of OriginSource: 2007-2011 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis.Countries of Origin for Boston’s Foreign-Born Population by Region, 2011
  22. 22. Top Ten First Reported Ancestries in Boston (2011)77,77838,04819,009 18,68315,68710,668 9,743 8,605 7,555 6,439010,00020,00030,00040,00050,00060,00070,00080,00090,000Irish/Celtic Italian Haitian English German Cape Verdean Polish Russian Jamaican FrenchSource: 2007-2011 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis.
  23. 23. Boston’sForeignBornPopulationSource:  2009  American  Community  Survey  Public  Use  Micro-­‐data  Sample  (PUMS),  BRA  Research  Division  Analysis  
  24. 24. Top 5 Countries of Origin for Foreign-Born Population by Planning District (2011)Source: 2007-2011 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis.
  25. 25. Top 5 Countries of Origin for Foreign-Born Population by Planning District (2011)Source: 2007-2011 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis.
  26. 26. Top 5 Countries of Origin for Foreign-Born Population by Planning District (2011)Source: 2007-2011 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis.
  27. 27. Top 5 Countries of Origin for Foreign-Born Population by Planning District (2011)Source: 2007-2011 American Community Survey, BRA Research Division Analysis.

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