Precios y Costes de los Servicios del Agua en Dinamarca

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  • 1. Odense PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Hydronomic Convention 2006. 13th-14th November 2006, Barcelona Prices and Costs recovery of the water services in Denmark Harley Bundgaard Madsen Head of Department, Fyn County, Denmark 1. Introduction 2. Legislation and structure of water services in Denmark 3. Water supply – consumption and prices 4. Wastewater treatment – Effectiveness and prices 5. Costs Recovery 6. The economic significance of water use in Odense River Basin 7. The economic significance of the WFD in Odense River Basin 8. Conclusions PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 2. Odense PRB Structure of water services in Denmark Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Legislation A clear and consistent legal system for the provision of water services The counties (from 2007 the state) are responsible for: The overall water planning and monitoring (WFD etc.) Extraction and wastewater permits and supervision of wastewater discharges The municipalities are responsible for: The water supply and the wastewater treatment and infrastructure 3 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 3. Odense PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Structure Structure of water services in Denmark Water supply – consumption and prices The danish water supply is highly decentralized 99% of the drinking water derives from groundwater 165 utilities are owned by local authorities (municipalities) and 2575 are private The total drinking water extraction in DK is about 405 mill. m3/year (61% public and 39% private) Delivery of water: 75 m3/person/year 4 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 4. Odense PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Structure Structure of water services in Denmark Water supply – consumption and prices 26% decline in water consumption: In 1992: 101 m3/person In 2004: 75 m3/person The use of water from the water supplies is divided into: 61% to households (128 litres/person/day in 2001) 26% to industri 7% to institutions 6% is water loss The great decline in water consumption is due to a reduction of water use in households mainly because of instalment of water meters in all houses 5 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 5. Odense PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Structure Structure of water services in Denmark Water supply – consumption and prices Connection fee in the cities: 1625 EURO/one-family house (average) Connection fee in rural areas: 2229-9492 EURO/one- family house Drinking water fee (average): Variable: 0.58 EURO/m3 Fixed: 42 EURO Green tax on drinking water: 0.66 EURO/m3 Value added tax (VAT) is not included in the fees 6 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 6. Odense Structure of water services in Denmark PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Wastewater treatment – Effectiveness and costs About 90% of the houses are connected to public sewerage network There are1600 wastewater treatment plants in Denmark. 1400 of these are public and owned by the municipalities. 50% of the wastewater is treated in only 25 plants > 100,000 PE Half of the sewage derives from households and the other half from the industri 50% combined sewer systems and 50% separated sewer systems 7 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 7. Odense Structure of water services in Denmark PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Wastewater treatment – Effectiveness and prices Very effective wastewater treatment in the cities: 99% BOD-removal; 95% N- removal and 98% P-removal Connection fee: 4,000 EURO Variable fee: 2 EURO/m3 (average) Green tax on wastewater is paid by the owner of the treatment plant and depends on the degree of treatment 8 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 8. Odense PRB Structure of water services in Denmark Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Costs Recovery In all: Price of water supply and wastewater paid by the consumer: 3.3-8.8 EURO/m3 (median: 5 EURO/m3) The water price is split into: 21% to the water supply 44% to the wastewater 35% to the danish state The services are based on the full cost recovery principle: Financial balance between the costs and the income over a period of time (few years) 9 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 9. Odense PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen fee xx 10 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 10. Odense PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Water bill in Denmark compared with other contries 11 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 11. Odense EU WFD - Test Areas PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen 12 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 12. Odense Odense Pilot River Basin PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Denmark, Europe Odense Fjord Natura 2000 L ke B a ryrup areas Odense City (180.000 inhab.) Ode nse Fiord Odense River Area: 1050 km2 250.000 inhabitants Power plant 13 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 13. Odense ODENSE Pilot River Basin PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Article 5 – Risk Analyses Odense Fjord Odense Fjord Water Main Pressures Pressures Reasons for not fulfilling objectives catchment bodies at risk Rivers 96% Physical Regulation of river and river valley’s due to land reclamation for agricultural purpose Waste Water outlets storm water, scattered settlements Lakes 86% Nutrient loads from agriculture Coastal waters 100% Nutrient Loads from agriculture Hazardous substances Groundwater 50% Nitrate load and Hazardous substances tables High abstraction 14 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 14. Odense Programme of Measures PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Conceptual Diagram Env. Objectives Env. Conditions Economy ok? - Cost effectiveness Max. acceptable - Disproportional? loading Households Physical Agriculture and Industri Conditions 15 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 15. Integrated Programme of Odense PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Measures Odense Fjord Odense River 80% retention Basin Ground water 50% retention Brahe Trolle Arreskov lake Søbo lake Nørre Søby Lange lake Dallund lake Fjellerup lake Slotslake lake 50% retention 50% retention Store Brænde- Sorte lake Nørre lake Øre lake gård lake 80% retention 80% retention 80% retention 80% retention Ground water Ground water Ground water Ground water 16 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 16. Odense Odense Pilot River Basin PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen The most cost-effective Programme of Measures to achieve Good Status in surface and groundwater Socio-economic annual costs, 1.000 DKK (1 DKK = 0,13 EUR) Baseline Sc. 1 Sc. 2 Total 126,000 93,965 100,117 Increased environmental efficiency in agriculture 3,000 6,461 7 Set aside* 5,000 22,430 35,035 Set aside with regard to physical and hydro-morphological improvements (watercourses) 10,338 10,338 Measures to improve the quality of groundwater 14,832 14,832 Measures to reduce point source pollution 118,000 39,904 39,904 *Set aside includes conversion of agricultural practice to e.g. forest, wetlands or permanent grassland 17 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 17. Odense Economic Analyses PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Expenses for Water Use in Odense River Basin mill. DKK/year (1 DKK = 0.13 EURO) Water Waste- VAT, Total Income/production % of Income/ value charge water taxes production value charge etc. Households 80 140 130 350 33,750 1.0 Industry and 54 158 6 218 80,050 0.3 services Agriculture 34 2 8 44 2,800 1.6 (APAE II) Total 168 300 144 612 116,600 0.5% (WFD-Article 5 ) WFD- WFD- (126) baseline WFD-PoM 94 Total 706 116,600 0.6% 18 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 18. Prices and Costs recovery of the water Odense PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen services in Denmark Conclusions Denmark has a clear and consistent legal system for the provision of water services. Nearly all Danish drinking water derives from groundwater. Over the last 10 year-period, the household consumption of water has declined 26%. The amount of water use is about 128 litres/capita/day. The consumer normally receives one overall bill for drinking water, wastewater, green taxes and VAT. The median price of water supply and wastewater treatment paid by the consumer is about 5 EURO/m3. The water price paid by the consumer is split into 21% to the water supplies, 44% to the wastewater, and the Danish State receive about 35%. The services are based on the full cost recovery principle. Compared with other contries the total water bill in Denmark is rather expensive but the quality of the water services are also in top. In Odense River Basin the expenses for the current water services equals 0.5% of the total income and production value in the basin The Odense Pilot River Basin project shows, that implementing the WFD in the basin will increase the expenses for water services to 0.6% of the total income/production value in the basin. 19 PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR
  • 19. Odense Hydronomic Convention 2006. 13th-14th November 2006, Barcelona PRB Fyns Amt Natur- og Vandmiljøafdelingen Prices and Costs recovery of the water services in Denmark Thank you for your attention… PRB_Maastricht_31okt03.NR