ALPINE CONVENTIONCommon Guidelines for the use of SHP in the Alpine RegionandCurrent practices in Alpine Region – some exa...
OutlineThe framework of the Alpine Convention- RSA 2- Biennial water conferences of the Convention- the platform on water ...
•   An international agreement (convention) for theThe Convention       protection of the Alps,                 •   It was...
Water in the Framework ConventionArticle 2: General obligations2. In order to achieve the objective referred to in paragra...
The framework of the Alpine Convention1. Links to Water as an important issue in several existing protocols (Energy,   tou...
• Population and culture                            •Main Topics and Protocols     Spatial planning                       ...
Water and hydric resources in the    Action Plan „Climate Change“ of the Alpine Convention1 – reduce water consumption2 – ...
The Second Report on the State of the Alps  (RSA) “Water and Water management  issues”A IntroductionB State of waters in t...
RSA “Water and Water management issues”               Exploitation for water powerA large and increasing number of   small...
RSA “Water and Water management issues”         Consequences on streams                                 Surge and low-wate...
RSA “Water and Water management issues”  Adaptation to the consequences of climate changeForeseen changes:• Increased risk...
Financial incentive schemes for SHP           the conflict of interest becomes evident    In the Alpine countries, financi...
Common guidelines for the use of small hydropower in the Alpine RegionChallenge for hydro-power use in the Alps: optimisat...
Legal framework for Hydropower           RES-e                                                                 EU-WFD    E...
Xth Alpine Conference, Evian 2009Ministerial mandate for Platform Water Management in the AlpsThe development of recommend...
Platform: „Water Management in the Alps“Mandate and Work program 2009-2011 and 2011-2012 (Swiss-Austrian  presidency, meme...
Mandate of the water platform of the Alpine Convention concerning               «Small Hydropower use in the Alps»        ...
Common guidelines    for the use of small hydropowerin the Alpine Region
Common guidelines - level of detail    As (common Alpine-wide) guidelines they are recommendations       endorsed by the A...
Outline of a two-level procedure assessing new installations                                   # 10 two-level procedure In...
Regional strategyRecommendations 12-14; 16:(12) Strategic planning on a regional level (regional strategy): On a regional ...
Where are the favorable sites for new SHP?                #12 Strategic planning on a regional level (regional strategy)  ...
ConclusionsBasis for work: Clear committment to respect both main objectives, no               unilateral maximisation but...
Additional mean to steer Hydropower development in the Alps:                River basin management plans –           issue...
Examples of strategic planning in the Alps
Strategy „Water use“ of the Canton of Bern;     Map of hydropower exploitation categoriesObjectives:•     deliberate and s...
Visualization of the regional strategyResults (classification of river stretches) can be visualized with maps,    serving ...
The actual decision on authorization at the local level                 #15 Authorization decision on a local level - For ...
Evaluation and management of the hydroelectric           potential of the Canton of FribourgAssessment and authorization o...
Territorial Plan for the provincial coordination;       Water balance plan of the Province of SondrioVery high water explo...
List of criteria „Kriterienkatalog“ –       further development of hydropower inTyrolMinistry works out criteria as basis ...
Hydropower and public interest, Project of Arge Alp• Comparison of different laws related to hydropower in  the Alps• „Eur...
Thank you for your attention!     www.alpconv.org
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Session4.1 alpine convention regula imhof

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Session4.1 alpine convention regula imhof

  1. 1. ALPINE CONVENTIONCommon Guidelines for the use of SHP in the Alpine RegionandCurrent practices in Alpine Region – some examplesShare final meeting, Session 4 – Integrated water management experiences24th May 2012, AostaRegula Imhof, Vice Secretary General of the Alpine Convention
  2. 2. OutlineThe framework of the Alpine Convention- RSA 2- Biennial water conferences of the Convention- the platform on water management in the AlpsSome examples of strategic planning in the Alps:- Strategy „Water use“ of the Canton of Bern; Map of hydropower exploitation categories- Evaluation and management of the hydroelectric potential of the Canton of Fribourg- Territorial Plan for the provincial coordination; Water balance plan of the Povince ofSondrio- List of criteria – further development of hydropower inTyrol- Hydropower and public interest, Project of Arge Alp
  3. 3. • An international agreement (convention) for theThe Convention protection of the Alps, • It was signed beginning from 1991 by the eight countries of the Alpine Arc: Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Lichtenstein, Monaco, Slovene and Switzerland and the European Community • Every two years there is an Alpine Conference in the country holding the presidency • Current presidency: Switzerland (2011-2012) • The Permanent Committee and the competent administrations are the main institutions primarily responsible for the Convention implementation • Working groups, platforms, committees etc. support and supervise the implementation of the Convention: Platform “Watermanagement in the Alps”
  4. 4. Water in the Framework ConventionArticle 2: General obligations2. In order to achieve the objective referred to in paragraph 1, the Contracting Parties shall take appropriate measures in particular in the following areas:...water management the objective is to preserve or reestablish healthy water systems, in particular by keeping lakes and rivers free of pollution, by applying natural hydraulic engineering techniques and by using water power, which serves the interests of both the indigenous population and the environment alike;
  5. 5. The framework of the Alpine Convention1. Links to Water as an important issue in several existing protocols (Energy, tourism,…)2. “Dialogue” on the topic of water among the Parties of the Convention, the EU, stakeholders from science, observers and NGO´s: - Conference “The Water Balance of the Alps”, Innsbruck, 2006 - Follow up Conference, Munich, October, 2008 - Conference, Italy, November 2010 - Next Conference on “Sustainable Hydropower; Strategies for the Alpine Region” in Munich, 22-24th October 20123. Second Report on the State of the Alps; topic “Water and water management issues”, adopted in Evian, March 2009, X. Alpine Conference4. Action Plan on Climate Change, adopted in Evian, March 2009, X. Alpine Conference: Water is identified as an important field of action5. Decision of the Ministers, Alpine Conference, Evian 2009 to establish the Platform „Water Management in the Alps“6. Discussion on a Macro-Region „Alps“ in Europe: Water is a main field of action
  6. 6. • Population and culture •Main Topics and Protocols Spatial planning • Air monitoring • Soil protection • Water management? • Nature protection and landscape conservation • Mountain agriculture • Mountain forestry • Tourism and leisure • Transports • Energy • Waste management => Integrated policies and approaches for the sustainable development of the Alpine Space
  7. 7. Water and hydric resources in the Action Plan „Climate Change“ of the Alpine Convention1 – reduce water consumption2 – improve the use of water3 – reduce the impact of hydro-electric plants on the environment :a. improve the efficiency of existing artificial lakes and electricity plantsb. decide on common guidelines for the construction of small power stations
  8. 8. The Second Report on the State of the Alps (RSA) “Water and Water management issues”A IntroductionB State of waters in the AlpsC Protection against natural hazardsD Climate ChangeE Existing legal framework regarding water managementF Major Water Management Issues and the main challenges for the future
  9. 9. RSA “Water and Water management issues” Exploitation for water powerA large and increasing number of small and micro hydropower stations
  10. 10. RSA “Water and Water management issues” Consequences on streams Surge and low-water phase resultingWater for the ecosystem? from peak power generation
  11. 11. RSA “Water and Water management issues” Adaptation to the consequences of climate changeForeseen changes:• Increased risk for natural hazards• Reinforced appearance of droughts and water scarcity• Reinforced demand for water and energy, both in summer and in winter• Changes in the water regime and in the availability of water from smaller outflow of glaciers and snow cover, which will have consequences on the water supply, production of hydropower….
  12. 12. Financial incentive schemes for SHP the conflict of interest becomes evident In the Alpine countries, financial incentive schemes are in place for the promotion of small hydropower plants (SHP) mostly in the form of guaranteed feed-in-tariffs caused a „boom“ of applications for new SHPthe conflict of interest becomes evident and there is need for the competent auhorities to deal with and have guidance for the optimisation job it‘s time to act! Mandate to the Platform Water Managment in the Alps to provide such guidance
  13. 13. Common guidelines for the use of small hydropower in the Alpine RegionChallenge for hydro-power use in the Alps: optimisation between two conflicting objectives Important value of ecosystems High hydroelectric potential and landscapes National goals for Rarity of remaining unexploited renewable energy rivers Increasing the Minimizing the production of impairment of the renewable energy from aquatic ecosystem hydropower generation and landscape Conflict of interest good reasons and need for achievement of both objectives! How to strike a balance between these two overriding objectives?
  14. 14. Legal framework for Hydropower RES-e EU-WFD European Renewables European Water at EU-level Directive Framework Directive Goal: Goals: to increase share of energy from good ecological status renewable sources with target of water bodies figures for 2020 for each MSMS set national targets + decide on No deterioration of status strategy; e.g. by targets for HP analogous goals in Federal Energy Act Federal Water Conservation Act Additionally: International Conventions, multilateral or bi-lateral agreements and coordination (UN- ECE Convention for the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and international Lakes“, Danube Catchment agreement, River Inn agreement, River Rhine agreement etc.)
  15. 15. Xth Alpine Conference, Evian 2009Ministerial mandate for Platform Water Management in the AlpsThe development of recommendations for the sustainable and balanceduse of hydropower in the Alpine area, taking carefully into accountexisting legislation. In doing so, special consideration has to be paid toeconomic and ecological efficiency criteria in particular in connection withthe use of small hydropower.Ministerial decision on Climate Action Plan“to set up guidances for the construction, optimisation or refurbishmentof small hydropower plants, in order to lessen the impact on the aquaticbiocenosis and biodiversity.”
  16. 16. Platform: „Water Management in the Alps“Mandate and Work program 2009-2011 and 2011-2012 (Swiss-Austrian presidency, memebers around 50 experts)• Expected outcomes 2011: - Report on small hydropower in the Alps - Guidelines on small hydropower in the Alps - Collection of case studies and best practices - review of the River Basin Management Plans in Alpine Countries with regard to Alpine-specific issues - Water conference to present the preliminary results of the work, November 2010, Venice• Expected outcomes 2012: - two international workshops on sediment transport (Dec. 2011) and hydro- peaking (June 2012) - International Water Conference on the sustainable use of hydropower in the Alps, Oct. 2012• Mandate for 2012-2014 in discussion (focus on role of the platform in an eventual makro region „Alps“)
  17. 17. Mandate of the water platform of the Alpine Convention concerning «Small Hydropower use in the Alps» Three „products“ (deliverable reports) Good practice examples Common Guidelines Situation Report http://www.alpconv.org/en/organization/groups/WGWater/default.html
  18. 18. Common guidelines for the use of small hydropowerin the Alpine Region
  19. 19. Common guidelines - level of detail As (common Alpine-wide) guidelines they are recommendations endorsed by the Alpine Conference but not legally bindingCommon guidelines Principles Recommendations Outline/concept of a procedure Pool of criteria A concrete methodology
  20. 20. Outline of a two-level procedure assessing new installations # 10 two-level procedure In order to answer the questions about the “where” with respect to the most favorablesites to reach growth objectives for hydroelectric production and the “how” with respect to the individual project, a transparent, structured and criteria-based procedure that combines a regional/strategic point of view with a local, projectspecific assessment should be applied. “WHERE” => REGIONAL LEVEL “HOW” => LOCAL LEVEL determined only by location-specific additionally based on project-specific criteria (no project-related criteria) criteria (here also technical concepts matter) • Evaluation of the regional level • Hydroelectric potential + • Installation and site specific criteria • Ecological and Landscape value • Further socio-economic aspects including impacts on other sectors. # 11 participative procedure The development of the regional strategy is a process triggered by the competent authority. In order to ensure transparency and to find a solution that takes account of the different interests at stake, the relevant stakeholders’ views must be adequately involved by means of a participative procedure. The common guidelines then provide guidance for this two-level procedure, also suggesting common criteria for that task
  21. 21. Regional strategyRecommendations 12-14; 16:(12) Strategic planning on a regional level (regional strategy): On a regional level, a transparent evaluation and classification of the potential appropriateness of river stretches for hydropower use shall be carried out (considering their hydro-electric potential, their ecological and landscape value and areas under special protection).(13) As part of a regional strategy should be considered the designation of areas that are deliberately kept free from any exploitation, based on a broad participation of relevant stakeholders as outlined in Recommendation 11 in order to avoid irreversible impacts.(14) Possible ways on how to integrate the elaborated results of the strategic planning in existing national / regional instruments shall be examined (e.g. river basin management plans or spatial planning instruments).(16) Being a prerequisite for the local assessment and decision about an individual project application, the regional strategy /planning should be carried out as soon as possible.
  22. 22. Where are the favorable sites for new SHP? #12 Strategic planning on a regional level (regional strategy) On a regional level, an evaluation and classification of the potential appropriateness of riverstretches for hydropower use shall be carried out (considering their hydro-electric potential, their ecological and landscape value and areas under special protection). APPROPRIATE APPROPRIATENESS NOT EXCLUSION UNCERTAIN APPROPRIATE Hydroelectrical to be assessed at Strong interest for exploitation local level weighing for conservation hydropower possible all pros and cons use needs to needs to comply only in Protected comply with with legal exceptional areas where legal environmental cases SHP environmental standards plus (e.g. decentral forbidden by standards additional supply) law requirements Determined only by location-specific criteria Suggestions of criteria for determining: • the hydro-electrical potential • the ecological and landscape value
  23. 23. ConclusionsBasis for work: Clear committment to respect both main objectives, no unilateral maximisation but optimisation ! (which means restrictions and limitations for both sides)Development and promotion of (S)HP to reach the national targets for renewables 2-level procedure for a „controlled“ increase of production, based on a smart and transparent „use-and-protection pre-planning“ on a regional scale. Strategic planning provides „regional maps“ showing the appropriateness of a river stretch for hydropower use relevant (environmental) legal framework is translated into information to the potential investor about the chances for building a SHP at a certain place. • involvement of all stakeholders in the identification of the categories • identification of suitable areas for new hydropower projects • assist the authorization process to be reduced and implemented faster
  24. 24. Additional mean to steer Hydropower development in the Alps: River basin management plans – issues for forthcoming management plansHydropower:• To have a seperate chapter on progress achieved within this field in forthcoming plans (due to the dynamics in this sector)• Acquire knowledge about the biological flow (still lacking in some rivers)• To define precisely the impacts of existing hydropower plants towards the biological stateEcological status of alpine waters:• To define the state of small rivers• To clarify if the status in the Alpine Area differs from the status outside the Alpine Area
  25. 25. Examples of strategic planning in the Alps
  26. 26. Strategy „Water use“ of the Canton of Bern; Map of hydropower exploitation categoriesObjectives:• deliberate and selective granting of concessions• Prioritization of suitable locations• Prioritization of larger plants1. Map: „Map of actual conditions“ (hydropower potential, ecological meaning, importance as fish water)2. Map: „Map representing the hydropower exploitation categories“ (green, yellow, red)Minimum capacity of 300 kWMap of hydropower exploitation categoriesSheet for the sustainability evaluationFrom 12600 km rivers of the Canton, 10600 km are not interesting for hydropowerexploitation, 230 km are already exploited, theoretically another 1800 km would be suitable forhydropower. Therefrom 570 km are classified as „green“, and 770 km as „yellow“, 440 km as „red“.December 2010 public consultation
  27. 27. Visualization of the regional strategyResults (classification of river stretches) can be visualized with maps, serving as “communication tool” (e.g. to potential investors) the example of the Canton Bern
  28. 28. The actual decision on authorization at the local level #15 Authorization decision on a local level - For individual applications onlyThe second level of the proposed evaluation procedure is a local in-depth assessment of the concrete project application, considering installation- and detailed site-specific criteria and further socio-economic aspects such that a holistic weighing of all relevant criteria is being carried out.The authorization is not just about judging if projects should be allowed in certain areas or not but also about the way how projects should be realized. Application to build a SHP Regional strategy Local level at a certain location Need of a local project and site specificHydroelectric potential assessment, considering all sustainability Decision on dimensions authorization • based on the regional pre-planning + • Installation specific criteria (including the • further socio-economic aspects specific Ecological and including impacts on other sectors requirements) landscape value
  29. 29. Evaluation and management of the hydroelectric potential of the Canton of FribourgAssessment and authorization of applicaitons is suspended and an evaluation method based on exclusion criteria and on a multi-criteria evaluation is under development:1. Evaluation of the water bodies (exclusion areas and evaluation of hydroelectric potential of the remaining water bodies)2. Preliminary project analysis (feasability): multi-criteria analysis3. Concession project4. Decision about the applicationResults:- integrated in the cantonal structure plan (binding for the administration);- maps indicating river stretches excluded from hydropower use and the hydroelectric potential for other stretches;- classification of the projects in favorable, favorable under conditions and not favorable
  30. 30. Territorial Plan for the provincial coordination; Water balance plan of the Province of SondrioVery high water exploitation rate due to presence of large number of hydropower plantsRisk to deteriorate the water bodies quality and protests by the populationAd-hoc working group to elaborate the planAll authorities shared the procedure and signed the agreement „for the sustainability of the uses of water in the Province of Sondrio through the integration of the planning instruments“, approved 2010: - set of rules and indicators according WFD - multicriteria analysis - „risk map“ – where the different river stretches color represent the risk of not reaching the good ecological status by 2015 (overlapping of 5 maps: indexes representing 1 and 2. cumulated withdrawals with respect to the mean annual natural discharge, 3. mean annual low flow interruption risk (discharges from reservoirs), 4. LIM pollution risk, 5. FFI connectivitiy and the ecologiacal functionality)
  31. 31. List of criteria „Kriterienkatalog“ – further development of hydropower inTyrolMinistry works out criteria as basis for assessment of compatibility of new hydropower plants with ecological requirements (non deterioration)Development of the criteria for 5 special issues (quantified) by a mixed group of 15 experts:- Energy management (25%)- Water management (18%)- Spatial planning (12%)- Water ecology (22%)- Nature protection (23%)
  32. 32. Hydropower and public interest, Project of Arge Alp• Comparison of different laws related to hydropower in the Alps• „European Forum Water Economy“• Symposium, October 2011, Innsbruck
  33. 33. Thank you for your attention! www.alpconv.org

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