JISC is a UK non-departmental public body that provides leadership in learning, teaching, research and administration with the use of ICT. It has a signed agreement with the Australian Department for Education, Science and Training (DEST) supporting the e-Framework initiative which aims to develop a service oriented approach to the development and integration of IT systems.
Learners participate actively in the learning process- Online forums- Feedback forms- Approaching teacher one-on one by emailLearners negotiate their learning style and context with their peers and teachers- Email feedback- Online forum discussionStudent-centric: the tutor is a facilitator, guide and supporter, and not the sole authority - the students have freedom - self-paced learning, not lock-step
E-Learning can take many forms and require students to use and develop a wide range of knowledge and skills. In particular the gain of research skills, such as gathering, evaluating and utilising information. (Many face-to-face teaching and learning methods have been simulated or developed to take place online and so it is possible to attend virtual seminars and field courses and attend e-lectures.)
Learner’s need to be comfortable with the online environment (may need to begin with a number of online e-tivities that can assist new learners to start to build participation)Ensure teacher is fully equipped and understands all aspects of E-LearningEnsure you keep all learners involved to ensure there is no social disconnectionAllow for time required to boot up computer, software programs, and connect to the InternetLack of face-to-face interaction — especially in self-paced courses — or difficulty in developing relationships with classmates.Equipment needs of students and learning providers (e.g. generally a personal computer, office software, and an Internet connection are required)May require you to learn new or enhance computer and troubleshooting skillsYou will be required to be able to work unsupervised (i.e. you will have to problem solve solutions independently)Learners must be self-motivated and disciplined to progress through your program in a timely manner
E-learning 2.0 technologies: a newly coined term for a social, collaborative teaching style, opposed to an autocratic teaching style, using a web 2.0 interface (Web 2.0 allows participatory information sharing, interoperability, user based design and collaboration.)
E-moderator : manages communications online
Avoid trying to motivate people simply to log on and “discuss”. Instead, provide an e-tivity that makes taking part worthwhile in itself. This includes setting short-term goals but ensuring that there is a satisfying process and “flow” of actions. In practice, e-moderators need to exercise judgment about when to go with the flow and when to guide participants towards expected outcomes.
What is e-learning?The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) defines e-learning as:‘Learning facilitated and supported through the use of information and communications technology (ICT).’
e-learning includes:• Delivery of courses• On-line assessments• Student to student / student to teacher communications• Use of internet resources• Other learning activities involving ICT and the internet
Learning theories that align with e –learning include: • Cognitivist theory • Constructivist theory
Cognitivist theoryInformation processing theory, in which the learner becomes a processor of information the teacher is the dispenser of information
Cognitivism in e-learning...• E-learning technology can support learner interactions with: – Narrative: the tutor imparts knowledge – Communication/interaction: the tutor receives feedback and discussion with students – Discursion: the tutor is able to redirect the subject to the key point of focus
Constructivist theoryThe role of the learner changed from that of a recipient of knowledge to that of a constructor of knowledge, an autonomous learner with skills for controlling his/her cognitive processes during learning.
Constructivism in e-learning...• Learners participate actively in the learning process• Learners negotiate their learning style and context with their peers and teachers (??)• Student-centric: the tutor is a facilitator, guide and supporter, and not the sole authority
Why introduce e-learning?• To foster student success and active engagement through diverse learning spaces and places.• New opportunities to extend the practical elements of learning.• Blending delivery of theory with practical units within the course
Benefits of e-learning• Learners take responsibility for their own learning• Accommodates multiple learning styles using a variety of delivery methods.• Learning is self –paced• Fosters greater student interaction & collaboration• Enhances computer & internet skills
Step 1: Online presenceTo enhance student centred learning ensure every unit has a minimum online presence with the use of the following:-• E-learning 2.0 technologies• Mobile learning technologies• Other forms of multimedia content , capture & delivery
Step 2: Clarify expectations• Decide in advance of the learners logging on what you expect them to do and what the e- moderator (tutor) will do.• Aim to provide just one invitational message, which contains everything needed to take part.
Step 3: Confirm understanding• Ensure that the participants are clear about your intended objectives for an e-tivity. Start with the end in mind.
Step 4: Alignassessment/evaluation with e-tivity• Ensure that your planned evaluation or assessment meets the purpose(s) of the e-tivity. If assessment is involved, look for alignment with tasks.
Step 5: Build motivation with e-tivities• Build in motivation as part of the process of undertaking the e-tivity itself and not as something separate from it. Motivation occurs because of the learning activities.
Step 6: Time management• Be highly sensitive to timing and pacing. Divide the e-tivity up into bite-sized chunks of no more than two or three weeks work for a complete e-tivity – less if possible.
Step 7: Focus on understanding• Ensure that the e-tivities are in some way focused on sharing, shaping, elaborating or deepening understanding.
Step 8: Teamwork• Ensure that participants need to work together in some way to achieve the learning outcomes.
Step 9: e-moderation• Be generous in allocating time to manage the communication of online students (e-moderation)
How could you apply e-learning in two of our programs?• Quizzes• Surveys• Self-tests• Discussion forums• Blogs• Practical step-by-step videos• Research activities / Assignments• Feedback forms (e.g. Survey monkey?)