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Information system

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Information  system Information system Presentation Transcript

  • (What is Information Technology (ITInformation technology is branch of Engineeringthat deals with the use of computer, and .telecommunications equipment to retrieve, store ,.and disseminate dataWhat is Information system (IS)A system that collects, processes, stores and analyzesdata, and disseminates information for a specificpurpose
  • (Computer base information system (CBISIs an information system that uses computer andtelecommunications technology to perform its.intended tasks
  • The basic components of a CBIS are as follows Hardware: Processor, keyboard, monitor, and printer Software: Computer programs that enable hardware to process data Database: an organized collection of related files. Network: A connecting system that permits the sharing of resources among PCs Procedures: the strategies, policies, method and rules for using IT systems People : those persons who work with the IS or use it out put
  • Partial List of Routine Business Transactions in aFactory Payroll . Monitor employee time cards . Track employee pay and deductions . Issue payroll checks Purchasing . Issue purchase orders . Accept and record deliveries . Pay accounts payable
  • Sales . Keep sales records . Issue invoices and billings . Track accounts receivable . Record and credit sales returns . Keeping shipping recordsManufacturing Prepare production report Prepare quality- control reportsFinance and Accounting . Prepare ad issue financial statements . Maintain tax records . Monitor and pay expense accounts
  • Inventory Management Reorder inventory as needed Track materials usage Monitor inventory levels Management Management Information system (MIS) Accessed, organized, summarized, and displayed information for supporting routine decision making in the functional areas
  •  TPS records every order as it is generated, and its marketing MIS can generate from these records weekly and monthly summaries by product, customer or sales person.
  • Major Outputs of a Functional MIS Stastistica summaries: summaries of raw data such as daily production, and weekly and monthly usage of electricity Exception reports: Highlights of data items that are larger or smaller than designated levels. Periodic reports : Statistical summaries and exception reports provided at scheduled, regular periods. Ad-hoc reports: Special, unscheduled reports provided on demand. Comparative analysis: Performance comparison to that of competitors, past performance, or industry standards. Projections : Advance estimates of trends in future sales, cash flows, market share, ect.
  • Enterprise resource planning (ERP): An integrated process of planning and managing all major business processes with a single client/server architecture in real time including contacts with business partners and with customers An example of ERP Software is SAP R/3 which can integrate more then 70 departmental TPS, MIS, and DSS component
  • Role of the ISD in an organization The role of the ISD has been changing from purely technical to more managerial and strategic. The role of the director of the is changing from a technical manager to a senior executive some time referred to as the chief information officer (CIO)
  • Traditional Major in Functions Managing systems development and systems project management Managing computer operations, including the computer center Staffing, training, and developing IT skills Providing technical services
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Additional Major IS function Incorporating the internet and e-commerce into the business Managing systems integration including the internet, intranets, and extranets Educating the non-IS managers about IT Education the IS staff about the business Supports end-user computing
  • 5 Major challenges of the CIO Am I managing the accelerating pace of the technological change? Am I gaining acceptance as a member of the business management team? Do I understand networking on a global basis? Am I managing IT safety and security? Is our organization setting industry standards?
  • SUMMARY 1-What is IT 2- What are the basic components of an information system 3- Describe a TPS and its Major function 4- Define MIS and list three of its major characteristics 5- Describe the role of the ISD in an Organization 6- List five major challenges of the CIO