D AT E S A N D N O T E S

… F R O M H O LT ’ S W O R L D H I S TO RY: M E D I E VA L TO E A R LY
MODERN TIMES

THE ROMAN E...
LEGEND
• Gov. : Government
•

: Cause and Effect

• + : And
•

:Slide Number

•  : Became

2
3
THE ROMAN EMPIRE
-700s BC-100s AD: Rome grew from a tiny village to a huge city.
-509 BC: Rome sets up a Republic.
-27 BC:...
THE ROMAN EMPIRE
• Late 300s: Barbarians began raiding deep into the heart of the
empire.
• 400s: Corruption had become wi...
THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE
• 572-565: Justinian ruled eastern Roman Empire.
• 530s: Haga Sophia was built by Justinian.
• 532: T...
7
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
• 2000 BC: Beginnings of Judaism.
• BC 1 AD: Beginnings of Christianity.
• 570: Muhammad is born.
• 610: ...
9
EARLY EXPANSION
• 635-636: Arabs take Damascus from the Byzantine Empire.
• 637: An Arab army defeats Persian forces at Ka...
MUSLIM EMPIRES
• Mid-600s: Islam split into two groups: the Shia and the Sunni.
• Mid-1200s: Ottomans (Muslim Turkish warr...
CULTURAL ACHIEVEMENTS
• 800s: Muslim doctors in Baghdad began to improve medicine.
• Mid-1100s: al-Idrisi (a Muslim geogra...
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Medieval Times: Dates and Notes

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Key dates of the Roman Empires and the Islamic world to study for tests, quizzes, and fun!

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Medieval Times: Dates and Notes

  1. 1. D AT E S A N D N O T E S … F R O M H O LT ’ S W O R L D H I S TO RY: M E D I E VA L TO E A R LY MODERN TIMES THE ROMAN EMPIRES ~ THE ISLAMIC WORLD
  2. 2. LEGEND • Gov. : Government • : Cause and Effect • + : And • :Slide Number •  : Became 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. THE ROMAN EMPIRE -700s BC-100s AD: Rome grew from a tiny village to a huge city. -509 BC: Rome sets up a Republic. -27 BC: Roman Republic becomes the Roman Empire. -1st Century: Christianity appeared in Rome. -Early 100s: Empire stretched from Britain south to Egypt and from the Atlantic Ocean all the way to the Persian Gulf. -Late 200s: Diocletian took power + divided the empire. : Barbarian tribes settled along the empire’s northern border. -300s: A Roman emperor became Christian. 4
  5. 5. THE ROMAN EMPIRE • Late 300s: Barbarians began raiding deep into the heart of the empire. • 400s: Corruption had become widespread in Rome’s gov. • 408: Romans stopped making payments to the Goths. • 410: The Goths destroyed Rome. • early 400s: The Vandals invaded Spain. • 450s: Military leaders ruled Rome. • 470: A barbarians general overthrew the last emperor in Rome + named himself king of Italy. • 476: Western Roman Empire falls. • 480s: Clovis, a Frankish king, built a huge kingdom in Gaul. 5
  6. 6. THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE • 572-565: Justinian ruled eastern Roman Empire. • 530s: Haga Sophia was built by Justinian. • 532: Two groups of enemies joined together + tried to overthrow Justinian. • 565: Justinian dies. • 1453: Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. ORIGINS OF ISLAM • 2000 BC: Beginnings of Judaism. • BC 1 AD: Beginnings of Christianity. • 570: Muhammad is born. • 610: An angel tells Muhammad to spread the word of God. • 613: Muhammad begins to spread His message. • 622: Muhammad and his followers leave mecca for Medina in the hegira. • 632: Muhammad dies. 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. EARLY EXPANSION • 635-636: Arabs take Damascus from the Byzantine Empire. • 637: An Arab army defeats Persian forces at Kadisiya. • 638: Arabs take Jerusalem. • 639: An Arab army invades Egypt. • 642: Arabs control the Nile Valley. • 711: Muslim Arabs and Berbers invade Spain. • 732: A Muslim army is defeated at Tours de France. • 756: Muslims chose Córdoba to be the capital of what is now Spain. • 762: Baghdad became the capital of the Islamic Empire. • Early 900s: Córdoba  largest and most advanced city in Europe. 10
  11. 11. MUSLIM EMPIRES • Mid-600s: Islam split into two groups: the Shia and the Sunni. • Mid-1200s: Ottomans (Muslim Turkish warriors) began to take lands from the Christian Byzantine Empire. • 1453: Ottomans led by Mehmed II used huge cannons to conquer Constantinople. • 1520-1566: Suleyman I ruled the Ottoman Empire. • 1501: The Safavid Empire began. • 1524: Esma’il (Safavid leader) died. • 1526: Babur established the Mughal Empire. • 1631-1647: The Taj Mahal is built. 11
  12. 12. CULTURAL ACHIEVEMENTS • 800s: Muslim doctors in Baghdad began to improve medicine. • Mid-1100s: al-Idrisi (a Muslim geographer) collected info from Arab travelers • 1320s: Ibn Battutah traveled to Africa, India, China, and Spain. • 1048-1131: Omar Khayyám (Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet) 12
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