Try to finish up by the time westart…   Grab a book.   Look at pages 30 and 31   Define the words listed for 1 and 2  ...
The ByzantineEmpire and Russia   Byzantium and Russia        330-1613
Constantinople   Originally Byzantion/Byzantium, market    town on Bosporous Strait   Constantine named it Constantinopl...
The Byzantine Court   Caesaropapism – emperor rules not only as    a secular lord, but also plays prominent role    in ec...
Justinian (527-565 CE)                   “the sleepless emperor”                   Theodora                   Construct...
Hagia Sophia
So cool…   When Muslims tried to invade Byzantium, the Byzantines    use “Greek fire” – (basically ancient napalm) – agai...
   Byzantine empire loses    some landholdings, but    still maintains Anatolia,    Greece, and Balkans   “Theme” system...
Iconoclasm   Icons – particularly popular in Byzantine churches   People prayed to images of Christ, the Virgin Mary, an...
1054 – Great Schism
The Great Schism - 1054   Violent battles within the    empire   West – pope    excommunicated emperor   Pope wants emp...
Trade   Crossroads for Eurasia   Commercial links between manufacturers and merchants between    central Asia, Russia, S...
Effects of the Crusades                   During 4th Crusade                    Constantinople is                    atta...
Istanbul v. Constantinople   1453 – Ottoman forces          http://www.youtube.com/wat                                   ...
Arts   Mosaics   Icons   Greek, Roman, Persian, and other Middle    Eastern styles blend together
10.2 The Rise of Russia   HUGE   Borders both Europe and China, touches the    Baltic Sea and the Pacific Ocean   Is Ru...
Kiev   Slavs expand into southern Russia   Varangians (Russian word for Vikings) – trade    with Slavs, Kiev becomes a m...
Yaroslav the Wise   1019 – 1054   Improved code of    law   Arranged marriages    between his kids    and the royal    ...
Mongol Conquest   A young leader    united the nomadic    Mongols of central    Asia   Overrun lands from    China to Ea...
The Golden Horde   1236-1241 – Batu, Genghiz’s grandson leads    Mongol armies into Russia   “Golden Horde” because of t...
240 Years of Mongol Rule    Women become especially subservient to their     husbands. (Husbands can even sell their wive...
Moscow   Steadily becomes a    political and spiritual    center      Princes in Moscow       slowly gain pwr       agai...
Ivan the Great   Ivan III – 1462-1505   Brought much of N. Russia under his rule   Built the framework for absolute rul...
Ivan the IV   Grandson of Ivan III   Further centralized royal    power (more for him)   Limited the privileges of the ...
How Ivan the IV earns his title      Ivan the Terrible             Becomes unstable             Trusts no one – became s...
Byzantium and Russia
Byzantium and Russia
Byzantium and Russia
Byzantium and Russia
Byzantium and Russia
Byzantium and Russia
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Byzantium and Russia

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world history
Byzantine Empire
Rise of Russia

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Byzantium and Russia

  1. 1. Try to finish up by the time westart… Grab a book. Look at pages 30 and 31 Define the words listed for 1 and 2 Add caesaropapism to your list to define
  2. 2. The ByzantineEmpire and Russia Byzantium and Russia 330-1613
  3. 3. Constantinople Originally Byzantion/Byzantium, market town on Bosporous Strait Constantine named it Constantinople and made it the capital of the E. Roman Empire  City kept its name from 340 CE – 1453 CE Crossroads – access to Anatolia, SW Asia, SE Europe, etc.
  4. 4. The Byzantine Court Caesaropapism – emperor rules not only as a secular lord, but also plays prominent role in ecclesiastical (church) affairs Heavily jeweled crowns, silk robes of dark, rich purple (the color reserved for imperial use)
  5. 5. Justinian (527-565 CE)  “the sleepless emperor”  Theodora  Construction project remade the city  Hagia Sophia – one of world’s greatest examples of Christian architecture  Gold, silver, gems, precious stones, and healing pwrs  Justinian Code  Systematic review and improvement of Roman law  Body of the Civil Law  Autocrat
  6. 6. Hagia Sophia
  7. 7. So cool… When Muslims tried to invade Byzantium, the Byzantines use “Greek fire” – (basically ancient napalm) – against the fleets and ground forces Greek fire even burns as it floats on water – very hazardous to wooden ships Mix of quicklime, petroleum, and sulfur
  8. 8.  Byzantine empire loses some landholdings, but still maintains Anatolia, Greece, and Balkans “Theme” system – imperial province (theme) under jurisdiction of a general  Military defense and civil administration  Quick mobilization  Byzantine empire expands as each theme’s military can gradually spread outward  Basil the Bulgar Slayer – blinded 14,000  The blind leading the blind….ha ha….
  9. 9. Iconoclasm Icons – particularly popular in Byzantine churches People prayed to images of Christ, the Virgin Mary, and the saints Pope Leo believed veneration of religious images was sinful Also disagree over  Sacrament of communion  Whether priests should be allowed to marry  Use of local languages in church
  10. 10. 1054 – Great Schism
  11. 11. The Great Schism - 1054 Violent battles within the empire West – pope excommunicated emperor Pope wants emperor to recognize the Roman Catholic Church as the head and mother or the churches Great Schism – 1054  Eastern Orthodox – Byzantine  Greek and later Russian  Roman Catholic Church  Rome, Europe, etc.
  12. 12. Trade Crossroads for Eurasia Commercial links between manufacturers and merchants between central Asia, Russia, Scandinavia, northern Europe, and lands of the Black Sea and Mediterranean basin Bezant – Byzantine gold coin Very wealthy from control of trade and levying of custom duties  China  India  Persia  Western Europe  Russia and Scandinavia – timber, furs, honey, amber, and slaves Banks, business partnerships, loans for business ventures  Pool resources and limit risks
  13. 13. Effects of the Crusades  During 4th Crusade Constantinople is attacked  Plundered and burned  Ruled for 50 years  Empire never quite recovers, Venetian merchants gain upperhand
  14. 14. Istanbul v. Constantinople 1453 – Ottoman forces http://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=Mv- take over KcF3Rkv8&feature=related Ancient Christian city is overturned  Istanbul becomes capital of Ottoman Empire  Hagia Sophia is turned into a mosque and turets are added
  15. 15. Arts Mosaics Icons Greek, Roman, Persian, and other Middle Eastern styles blend together
  16. 16. 10.2 The Rise of Russia HUGE Borders both Europe and China, touches the Baltic Sea and the Pacific Ocean Is Russia part of Europe or Asia? Northern forests – poor soil, cold, snowy climate South – band of fertile land, attracted farmers (modern day Ukraine) Southern steppe – open, treeless grassland, nomadic people, herds and horses Dnieper and Volga River – major trade routes
  17. 17. Kiev Slavs expand into southern Russia Varangians (Russian word for Vikings) – trade with Slavs, Kiev becomes a midpoint between Scandinavia and Constantinople Cyril and Methodius  Missionaries from Constantinople, adapt Greek alphabet to Slavic language – develops Cyrillic (still used in Ukraine and Russia) Byzantine Christianity Onion domes from Byzantium
  18. 18. Yaroslav the Wise 1019 – 1054 Improved code of law Arranged marriages between his kids and the royal families of Western Europe
  19. 19. Mongol Conquest A young leader united the nomadic Mongols of central Asia Overrun lands from China to Eastern Europe – dubs himself “Genghis Khan” – “world emperor”
  20. 20. The Golden Horde 1236-1241 – Batu, Genghiz’s grandson leads Mongol armies into Russia “Golden Horde” because of the color of their tents Loot and burn Kiev and many other Russian towns “no eye remained to weep for the dead” Rule from a capital on the Volga for the next 240 years  ***This is Russia’s dormant/stagnant period***
  21. 21. 240 Years of Mongol Rule  Women become especially subservient to their husbands. (Husbands can even sell their wives into slavery to pay family debts)  Absolute power Mongols have will serve as an inspiration for Russian rulers later on  Mongols severed Russian ties to Western Europe at a time when Europeans were making rapid advances in the arts and sciences
  22. 22. Moscow Steadily becomes a political and spiritual center  Princes in Moscow slowly gain pwr against Mongols  Became the capital of the Russian Orthodox Church
  23. 23. Ivan the Great Ivan III – 1462-1505 Brought much of N. Russia under his rule Built the framework for absolute rule Worked to limit the boyars powers  Boyars – Russian, land-owning nobles Adopted the rituals of the fallen empire’s traditions to emphasize Russia’s role as the heir to Byzantine power  Double-headed eagle symbol Titles himself Czar (Russian for caesar)  “the czar is in nature like all men, but in authority he is like the highest God”
  24. 24. Ivan the IV Grandson of Ivan III Further centralized royal power (more for him) Limited the privileges of the old boyar families Granted land to nobles in exchange for military or other service Introduced more laws to tie serfs to the land
  25. 25. How Ivan the IV earns his title Ivan the Terrible  Becomes unstable  Trusts no one – became subject to violent fits of rage  Killed his own son  Organized the ophrichniki – agents of terror who enforced the czar’s rule  Slaughter rebellious nobles  Sacked towns where disloyalty was suspected  Dog’s head and a broom Leaves a land of seething with rebellion – but! He introduces Russia to a tradition of extreme absolute power and oppression

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