Subject-Verb Agreement
Agreement <ul><li>Present tense verbs in English should agree with the subject of the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Singular ...
Identify the Subject <ul><li>Ignore words that come between the subject and the verb </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce sentences to...
Compound Subjects using “And” <ul><li>Most compound subjects joined by “ and”  are plural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bert and E...
Compound Subjects using “Or” <ul><li>When the subject is joined with  “ or”  or  “nor”  the verb agrees with the words clo...
Indefinite Pronouns <ul><li>Indefinite pronouns are singular  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>every, everyone, everybody, each, neit...
Collective Nouns <ul><li>Words such as  jury,   committee,  or  herd  will be  singular   when everyone in the group is ac...
Here, There, and It <ul><li>When the sentence begins with  Here  or  There , the subject follows the verb and controls whe...
Words Ending in S <ul><li>Words such as  economics ,  AIDS ,   physics  and  news  are singular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Econ...
Money and Measurement <ul><li>Units of time, money, distance, and weight use singular verbs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twenty k...
Titles <ul><li>The title of a movie, book or magazine requires a singular verb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost Horizons   is  a...
Interactive Exercises <ul><li>Click on the button below to get to the interactive exercises </li></ul><ul><li>No disk is r...
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Subject verb agreement 1

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Subject verb agreement 1

  1. 1. Subject-Verb Agreement
  2. 2. Agreement <ul><li>Present tense verbs in English should agree with the subject of the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Singular subjects use singular verbs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jack rob s liquor stores ( s on the verb) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plural subjects use plural verbs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bonnie and Clyde rob banks (no s on the verb) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most native speaker do this instinctively </li></ul><ul><li>More complex problems require you to learn a few rules </li></ul>
  3. 3. Identify the Subject <ul><li>Ignore words that come between the subject and the verb </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce sentences to their simplest form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A good set of skis costs / cost hundreds of dollars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A good set of skis costs / cost hundreds of dollars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A good set of skis costs hundreds of dollars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My boss, as well as her staff, leave / leaves early every Friday </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My boss, as well as her staff, leave / leaves early every Friday </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My boss, as well as her staff, leaves early every Friday </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Compound Subjects using “And” <ul><li>Most compound subjects joined by “ and” are plural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bert and Ernie is / are special friends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bert and Ernie is / are special friends ( plural verb ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exception : If the words joined by “ and” refer to a single thing, the subject is also singular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>War and Peace is a very thick book ( singular ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My friend and co-worker is waiting to see you ( singular ) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Compound Subjects using “Or” <ul><li>When the subject is joined with “ or” or “nor” the verb agrees with the words closest to the verb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neither the instructor nor the student s has / have any control over the number of 8 o’clock classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neither the instructor nor the student s has / have any control over the number of 8 o’clock classes ( plural verb ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Either two credit card s or a membership is / are needed before you can rent movies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Either two credit card s or a membership is / are needed before you can rent movies (singular verb) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Note : While the above example is correct, it is usually better to place the plural word closer to the verb </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Either a membership or two credit card s are needed before you can rent movies ( plural verb ) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Indefinite Pronouns <ul><li>Indefinite pronouns are singular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>every, everyone, everybody, each, neither, either, none, one, no one </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Every student has / have a unique student number </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Every student has / have a unique student number </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>None of us admit / admits to sending the e-mail message </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>None of us admit / admits to sending the e-mail message </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ignore prepositional phrases coming between the subject and the verb </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each of the five departments is / are hiring new instructors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each of the five departments is / are hiring new instructors </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Collective Nouns <ul><li>Words such as jury, committee, or herd will be singular when everyone in the group is acting together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The jury is / are deciding the fate of the accused </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The jury is / are deciding the fate of the accused </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collective nouns will be plural when the members of the group are not acting together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The jury is / are undecided on the guilt of the accused </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The jury is / are undecided on the guilt of the accused </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Here, There, and It <ul><li>When the sentence begins with Here or There , the subject follows the verb and controls whether the verb is plural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Here are my reason s for quitting (plural) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no need to pay me next week (singular) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is always singular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was the long hour s that bothered me (singular) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Words Ending in S <ul><li>Words such as economics , AIDS , physics and news are singular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economics is fun and exciting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The news is usually broadcast live </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Words such as scissors , eyeglasses and pants that name things with two parts are plural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>My glasses were broken when I did a face plant </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Money and Measurement <ul><li>Units of time, money, distance, and weight use singular verbs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twenty kilometres is a long distance to skate to work each day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eight dollars an hour is a poor rate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The expression the number is singular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The number of failures is decreasing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The expression a number is plural </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A number of people are leaving </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Titles <ul><li>The title of a movie, book or magazine requires a singular verb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost Horizons is a book about a utopia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Simpsons is my favourite TV show </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Interactive Exercises <ul><li>Click on the button below to get to the interactive exercises </li></ul><ul><li>No disk is required </li></ul>

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