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Subject Verb Agreement


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Subject Verb Agreement

  1. 1. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />
  2. 2. Definition <br />Subject-Verb Agreement refers to the relationship between the verb and its subject.<br /> Every clause or sentence must agree in number and person with its subject.<br />Verb must be singular if its subject is singular; verb must be plural if its subject is plural.<br />
  3. 3. Subject- Verb Agreement <br />Examples:<br />Singular Subject and Singular Verb<br />Overcrowding causes many of the discipline problems in our school.<br />Plural Subject and Plural Verb<br />Fires destroymillions of dollars worth of property each year. <br />
  4. 4. Subject Verb Agreement <br />To choose the correct verb form, identify the subject of the sentence.<br />The first three weeks of basic training <br />is the worst.<br />[The plural subject weeks takes a plural verb.]<br />Subject<br />are<br />
  5. 5. Subject- Verb Agreement <br />Another group of words that can cause confusion is the subordinate clause.<br />The use of mood altering drugs, although they <br />sometimes provide great medical benefits, are <br />generally criticized by the public.<br />[The singular subject usetakes a singular verb.]<br />Subject<br />is<br />
  6. 6. Subject -Verb Agreement <br />A problem can also arise from the use of along with, as well as, in addition to, and together with.<br />The cost of medication as well as doctors’ fees <br />are a problem for retired Canadians wintering<br />in Florida.<br />[The singular subject cost takes a singular verb.]<br />Subject<br />is<br />
  7. 7. Subject Verb Agreement <br />Block all prepositional phrases, subordinate clauses, and miscellaneous expressions, you will get the subject and the verb by process of elimination.<br />Unless it rains, I plan on leaving as late as possible, along with all the other vacationers.<br />
  8. 8. Subject -Verb Agreement <br />Look for inverted word order, in which the subject follows the verb.<br />From his research has come three <br />promising cancer drugs.<br />have<br />Subject<br />
  9. 9. Subject- Verb Agreement <br />Use a plural verb with the most compound subjects joined by and.<br />Their television and their camera was stolen.<br />Subject<br />were<br />Subject<br />
  10. 10. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />However, when singular subjects are joined by and are preceded by each, every, no, nothing or many a(n), use a singular verb.<br />Every chair and every couch are on<br />sale this weekend.<br />S<br />S<br />is<br />
  11. 11. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />No bicycling and no hitchhiking are <br />permitted on Highway 20.<br />is<br />S<br />S<br />
  12. 12. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />If the two parts of a compound subject, whether singular or plural, express a single idea or refer to a single person, use singular verb.<br />Ham and eggs are my favorite<br />breakfast.<br />S<br />is<br />
  13. 13. If subjects joined by either/or orneither/nor differ in number and person, make the verb agree with the subject close to it.<br />Neither the instructor nor the <br />students is satisfied with the room.<br />are<br />
  14. 14. Subject- Verb Agreement<br />When a collective noun used as a subject regards a group as a unit, use singular verb. When it refers to the individual members of a group, use plural verb.<br />
  15. 15. The committee gives its report today.<br />The committee give their reports today.<br />The committee as a whole<br />Each member of the committee<br />
  16. 16. When a relative pronoun (who, which, or that), is the subject, make the verb agree with the pronoun’s antecedent.<br />
  17. 17. A politician who votes pro-laborgets<br />elected.<br />Politicians who vote pro-laborget<br />elected.<br />
  18. 18. She is one of thepoliticianswho<br />always vote pro-labor.<br />She is the only one of the politicians <br />whoalways votes pro-labor.<br />
  19. 19. When an indefinite pronoun is the subject, choose a singular or plural verb, depending on the number of the indefinite pronoun.<br />
  20. 20. Use a singular verb with a singular indefinite pronoun. (another, anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, neither, no one, nothing, one, somebody, someone, something).<br />
  21. 21. Somebody has to decide whether to<br />paint the kitchen this year.<br />[One person (one body) will make the decision.]<br />
  22. 22. Use a plural verb with a plural indefinite pronoun (both, few, many, several).<br />I spent the afternoon shopping for a <br />camera, but few were reasonably <br />priced.<br />
  23. 23. With indefinite pronouns that can be singular or plural, (all, any, none, some), use a singular or plural verb, depending on the word the indefinite pronoun refers to.<br />
  24. 24. All of the wheat is harvested.<br />All of the fields are ploughed.<br />[Wheat is singular, fields is plural.]<br />
  25. 25. When the sentence begins with here or there, make the verb agree in number with the subject.<br />There is stone, brick and tile <br />fireplaces in Blenheim Castle.<br />are<br />
  26. 26. Make linking verbs agree in number with their subjects not their complements.<br />A subject complement renames or describes the subject and is, therefore sometimes confused with it.<br />S<br />complement<br />is<br />His main interest are stamps.<br />
  27. 27. When the subject noun is in the form of a plural but is singular in meaning, use a singular verb.<br />Measles were a serious childhood <br />disease until a vaccine was developed.<br />was<br />
  28. 28. When a word used as a word is the subject, use singular verb.<br />The number (singular or plural) of the word used as a word is unimportant; the sentence is about a single thing so use a singular verb.<br />Flurries are one of the terms used to describe <br />a light fall of snow.<br />is<br />
  29. 29. When the subject of a sentence is a noun clause, use a singular verb.<br />That he actually bought a new jeep surprises me.<br />Noun clause<br />
  30. 30. Noun clauses that begin with what are the exception. If the subject of the sentence is plural, the verb is a linking verb, use a plural verb with a what clause.<br />
  31. 31. What worries him more than anything <br />else is his low grades in his major.<br />Subject<br />are<br />