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  1. 1. Conjunctions
  2. 2. Conjunctions <ul><li>Conjunctions connect words or groups of words. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepositions connect words, too. How do you think conjunctions are different than prepositions? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Conjunctions <ul><li>Unlike prepositions, conjunctions don’t have objects. Rather, they serve as a way to show a relationship between two words. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you going to Mt. Rushmore or Custer State Park? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Conjunctions <ul><li>There are three types of conjunctions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinating conjunctions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correlative conjunctions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subordinating conjunctions </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Coordinating conjunctions <ul><li>Connect words of the same kind, such as nouns, pronouns, verbs, prepositional phrases, or sentences. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nouns: My cousin and his wife left yesterday for Montana. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verbs: They printed out directions but forgot to bring them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prep. Phr.: Put the luggage on the doorstep or in the garage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentences: Our family wanted to go to Sturgis but we decided to go to Fargo instead. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Coordinating conjunctions <ul><li>P. 382 in your text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yet </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Practice <ul><li>Find the coordinating conjunction in the following sentences and tell what is being connected. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bob and Bill are brothers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We went to the game, but we didn’t win. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Correlative Conjunctions <ul><li>Similar to coordinating conjunctions in that they connect the same type of words, but work in pairs. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>List p. 383 in text. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>both…and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>either/neither….or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not only…..but also </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>whether.....or </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Correlative Conjunctions <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We have seen both the Missouri River and the Big Sioux river. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Either you or I will be the leader on the trail. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sick rhinoceros would neither eat nor drink . </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Practice <ul><li>Find the correlative conjunctions in the sentences below and tell me what is being connected: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Either you go or I will. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not only my mother but also my sister played rugby. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Subordinating Conjunctions <ul><li>Connect things which are not equal. One is less important (subordinate) than the other. </li></ul><ul><li>List of common subordinating conjunctions on p. 384 </li></ul><ul><li>Subordinating conjunctions are in sentences that contain a dependent idea and a main idea. The dependent idea is connected to the main idea by the subordinating conjunction </li></ul><ul><li>Subordinating conjunctions always come before the dependent idea in a sentence. </li></ul>
  12. 12. One more thing… <ul><li>The main idea can come at the beginning or end of a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>When the dependent idea comes first, it must be separated from the main idea with a comma. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Example: <ul><li>Because it rained all day , our basement filled up with water. </li></ul><ul><li>I did the planning after he made reservations . </li></ul>
  14. 14. Practice <ul><li>Find the subordinating conjunction in each sentence, then find the dependent and main ideas. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since you didn’t play, we lost the game. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Troy studied hard so that he could get good grades. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><ul><li>Since you didn’t play, we lost the game. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sub: Since </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dep: you didn’t play </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Main: we lost the game </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(note the comma) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Troy studied hard so that he could get good grades. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sub: so that </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dep: he could get good grades </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Main: Troy studied hard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(note the lack of a comma) </li></ul></ul></ul>