Subject - Verb Agreement
o โดยทั่วไปความหมายเปน พหูพจน
Jack and Jill are moving back to Australia.
o อาจมีความหมายเปน เอกพจน ถาผูพูดหมายความวาเปนอันหนึ่งอันเดียวกัน
Bread and butter has been my breakfast for years.
Honesty and truth is the best policy.
o ถา ไมมี article หลัง and ถือวาเปนสิ่งเดียวกัน จึงเปน เอกพจน
The manager and owner of this restaurant is my friend.
The manager and the owner of this restaurant are my friends.
ประธานที่มี phrase หรือคําขยายตอไปนี้ตอทาย จะใชกริยาตามประธานตัวหนา
accompanied by ( พรอมดวย ) in company with ( พรอมดวย )
along with ( พรอมดวย ) including ( รวมทั้ง )
as well as ( เชนเดียวกับ ) like ( เชนเดียวกับ )
besides (นอกจาก ) not ( ไมใช )
but ( ยกเวน ) plus ( รวมทั้ง )
except ( ยกเวน ) together with ( พรอมดวย )
excluding ( ไมนับ ) with ( พรอมกับ )
in addition to ( นอกจาก )
John together with his colleagues has agreed to work late tonight to get the job finished.
The explanation in addition to the rules is very clear.
ประโยค (clause)หรือวลี (phrase) ที่ขยายประธาน ไมมีผลตอการใชกริยาของประธาน
John, with all his players, was on the field. ( with all his players ขยายประธานคือ John )
Mr. Clark, like our other neighbors, is very helpful.
anybody everybody someone
anyone everyone somebody
anything everything something
anywhere everywhere somewhere
each + นามเอกพจน์ either + นามเอกพจน์ neither +นามเอกพจน์
each of + นามพหูพจน์ either of + นามพหูพจน์ neither of +นามพหูพจน์
nobody every + นามเอกพจน์ nothing
Neither of my sisters is married.
Each of the lessons takes an hour.
None of us is elected.
I have checked your answer. None are correct.
or neither… nor
either….or not only……but (also)
Either the teachers or the principal is to blame for the accident.
Neither Dang nor his friends are to be promoted.
คําตอไปนี้ถาใชแทนนามนับได ถือเปน พหูพจน เสมอ
all both (a) few many several some
All were ready to leave the party by midnight.
Relative pronoun (who, which, that, what) มีพจนเหมือนคําที่มันแทน
It is I who am wrong.
This is the only book that has been written especially for Thai students of English.
การใช phrase บอกปริมาณ
a lot of plenty of most of some of half of
lots of all of none of …percent of heaps of
Some of my jewelry is missing.
Some of my friends were at the airport to see me off
Ten per cent of the men have lung problems.
Ten per cent of the money is yours.
o ใชกับนามนับไดที่เปนพหูพจน กริยาตองเปน พหูพจน
a number of many
a large number of a good many
a great number of a great many
A number of students are playing football.
**The number of (+คําพหูพจน) เปน เอกพจน
The number of students playing football is twenty – two.
o ใชกับนามนับไมได กริยาตองใชรูป เอกพจน
much a large number of
a great deal of a large amount of
a good deal of a large quantity of
Although a great deal of progress has been made in the development of spoken communication with
computers, there are still a large number of problems to be solved.
กลุมคํา infinitive (To + V) หรือ gerund (V. + ing) ถือวาเปน เอกพจน
To read is a good habit.
Winning the national championship is her most important achievement.
กลุมคําที่เกี่ยวกับ วิชา โรค อาการเจ็บปวย และคํานามบางคํามีรูปเปนพหูพจน แตมีความหมายเปน เอกพจน
Politics(การเมือง) mathematics economics physics
ashes(เถาถาน) series(ชุด) measles(โรคหัด)
Sociology is easier than science.
ชื่อหนังสือ หรือชื่อบทความ เปน เอกพจน
Gulliver’s travels was written by Swift.
คําแสดงเวลา ระยะทาง จํานวนเงิน หรือมาตราตางๆ ถือเปน เอกพจน
Twenty thousand bahts is too high for this camera.
Two hundred miles is a long way.
Two weeks is enough for a holiday.
*** เศษสวนของคํานามพหูพจนเปนพหูพจน เศษสวนของคํานามเอกพจนเปนเอกพจน
Two-thirds of the boys are absent.
Two-thirds of the wall has been painted.
นามบางคํามีรูปคลายเอกพจน แตมีความหมายเปน พหูพจน เสมอ
police people children cattle mankind vermin clergy
The police are arresting the robber.
**** คําพวก parent หรือ spouse เมื่อใชรูปเอกพจน (ไมมี s) หมายถึงคนใดคนหนึ่ง
His parent is going abroad next month.
His parents are back home.
The + adjective มีความหมายถึงคน หรือสัตวที่มีคุณสมบัติเชนนั้น มีความหมายเปน พหูพจน
The poor the big the foolish the good
the rich the small the wise the bad
Collective noun นี้ จะใชกริยาเปนเอกพจนหรือพหูพจนก็ไดขึ้นอยูกับความตองการของผูพูด
Class jury family cabinet government
Group fleet team crew committee
The jury is composed of twelve men.
The jury were unanimous in their verdict.
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Exercise : Subject - Verb Agreement
1. Mother with her children ……………[ be ] cooking now.
2. My parents or my sister……………[ write ] this letter.
3. Not only my friends but also my brother ……………….[ want ] to go shopping.
4. Half of these books ……………….[ belong ] to me.
5. Bread and butter ………………[ be ] my breakfast.
6. One – third of salt …………….[ be ] sold yesterday.
7. Either you or she ……………[ be ] wrong.
8. Smith, accompanied by his wife and two children …………..[ have ] just left.
9. Three kilometers ………………[ be ] quite heavy for me to carry this bag.
10. It is only one of the dogs that …………….[ like ] to eat carrot.
11. Everything………………[ seem ] perfect.
12. Tim and Jane …………….[ be ] friends.
13. The horse and carriage ………………[ be ] at the door.
14. A white and a black dog …………….[ drink ] water in the sink.
15. My friends as well as I …………[ sing ] a song.
16. Each table and chair ………………[ lay ] at the corner.
17. All food …………..[taste] good.
18. The cattle ……………….[ be ] useful for farmers.
19. Drinking alcohol…………..[ be ] not good for your health.
20. The sound of drums, fifes and trumpets ……………….[ be ] heard.
Directions : Choose the correct verb in the following sentence.
1: The rhythm of the pounding waves is are calming. (Clue: Make the subject and verb agree when
words intervene between them.)
2: All of the dogs in the neighborhood were was barking. (Clue: Make the subject and verb agree
when words intervene between them.)
3: A high tax, not to mention unemployment, influence influences votes. (Clue: The grammatical
number of the subject does not change with the addition of expressions beginning with such words as the
following: accompanied by, along with, as well as, in addition to, including, no less than, not to mention,
4: My friends and my mother like likes each other. (Clue: Subjects joined by and are usually plural.)
5: The team and the band was were on the field. (Clue: Subjects joined by and are usually plural.)
6: Building a good marriage and building a good log fire is are similar in many ways.
(Clue: Subjects joined by and are usually plural.)
7: John or Doris write writes to us regularly. (Clue: Singular subjects joined by or, either . . . or,
neither . . . nor take a singular verb.)
8: Either Patty or Tom was were asked to lead the meeting. (Clue: Singular subjects joined by or,
either . . . or, neither . . . nor take a singular verb.)
9: Neither Carol nor Ted is are excluded from the meeting.
10: Neither the basket nor the apples was were expensive. (Clue: If one subject is singular and one is
plural, the verb agrees with the nearer subject.)
11: Neither the apples nor the basket was were expensive.
12: Either Maria or you was were late for class. (Clue: The verb also agrees with the nearer subject
13: Either you or Maria was were late for class.
14: Hardest hit by the high temperatures and drought was were the farmers.
(Clue: Do not let inverted word order cause you to make a mistake in agreement.)
15: Neither of them like likes going to the show. (Clue: When used as subjects, such words as each,
either, one, everybody, and anyone regularly take singular verbs.)
16: Each of them has have a good seat.
17: Everybody in the class has have tickets.
18: Every silver knife, fork, and spoon has have to be counted. (Clue: Every or each preceding
singular subjects joined by and calls for a singular verb.)
19: Each cat and each dog has have its own toy.
20: The committee is are meeting today. (Clue: Collective nouns take a singular verb when they
refer to the group as a unit.)
21: Ten million gallons of oil is are a lot of oil. (Clue: Collective nouns take a singular verb when
they refer to the group as a unit.)
22: The jury vote votes today. (Clue: Collective nouns take a singular verb when they refer to the
group as a unit.)
23: The number is are very small. (Clue: Collective nouns take a singular verb when they refer to the
group as a unit.)
24: A number of students was were absent. (Clue: Collective nouns take a plural verb when they
refer to individuals or parts of the group.)
25: Ten million gallons of oil was were spilled.
26: The majority of us is are in favor. 27: Statistics is are an interesting subject.
(Clue: Some nouns (such as athletics, politics, series, deer, and sheep) can be either singular or plural
depending on meaning.)
28: Statistics is are often misleading.
29: The sheep stray strays when the gate is left open.
30: Sheep stray strays when the gate is left open.
1: Of all university courses, mathematics probably produce/produces the most fear.
2: Living in big cities almost always cause/causes stress because of traffic jams, too few parking spaces, and
too many people.
3: The way of life in small villages far from big cities is/ are mostly quiet because there are few people.
4: In many countries, governments control/ controls the mass media through censorship.
5: Sometimes a government covertly influence/ influences the general population by releasing
disinformation through the mass media.
6: President Obama, along with his support staff and news reporters, visit/ visits many key cities around the
world every year.
7: Least considered in the latest bombing campaign was/ were the innocent victims.
8: Each cat and each dog in this animal shelter is/ are evjentually placed in a good home.
9: The deer standing silently next to the large tree was/ were not seen by the two hunters.
10: Neither the students nor the teacher was/ were able to find the solution immediately.