THE BLACK SEAThe Black Sea is located between Europe and Asia, which borders Russia, Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey and Georgia. It covers an area of 423,488 km ². The Black Seais one of four seas named in English after common color terms: the others being the RedSea, the White Sea and the Yellow Sea.Strabos Geography reports that in antiquity, the Black Sea was often just called "the Sea"(ho pontos). The Black Sea got its name from the Ottoman Turks. Kara (Black) denotesNorth in Medieval Turkish, as in Kara Denizi - Kara Sea north of Siberian Yakut Turks,similar to Black Sea.The Black Sea supports an active and dynamic marine ecosystem, dominated by speciessuited to the brackish, nutrient-rich conditions.
SAINT ANA LAKESt. Ana Lake is a volcanic lake, the only such lake throughout Romania. It is located on the bottom ofthe crater of an extinct volcano. Tourists who come to St. Anna Lake do not need to learn how theweather will be as they have at hand an empirical but accurate method given by the volcanic mountain:two cracks formed in the mountain predict weather. Local people know that “if the emanations ofcracks is irritating to the nose, then it is a sign of storm, and if not, the day will be sunny, just right forhiking.” The phenomenon has a scientific explanation. The mountain still carrying out post-volcanicactivity, is sensitive to any change in atmospheric pressure. When the pressure decreases, gases such ascarbon dioxide and sulfur, rise to the surface and cracks with a pungent odor, a sign that rain comes.
BÂLEA LAKEBâlea Lake is a glacier lakesituated at 2,034 m of altitudein the Făgăraş Mountains, incentral Romania. There aretwo chalets opened all the yearround, a meteorological stationand a mountain rescue(Salvamont) station. It isaccessible by car on theTransfăgărăşan road duringthe summer, and the rest of theyear by a cable car from the"Bâlea Waterfall" chalet.In 2006, the first ice hotel inEastern Europe was built inthe vicinity of the lake
THE IRON GATESThe Iron Gates is a gorge on the Danube.It forms part of the boundary between Romania andSerbia.In the broad sense it encompasses a route of 134 km;in the narrow sense it only encompasses the lastbarrier on this route, just beyond the Romanian city ofOrşova, that contains two hydroelectric dams, with twopower stations. Decebalus carved into the rock cliff of the Iron Gates
THE DANUBE DELTAThe mighty Danube River flows 1,788 miles from itssprings in Germany’s Black Forest to the Black Sea.Just before reaching the sea it forms the second largestand best preserved of Europe’s deltas: 2,200 squaremiles of rivers, canals, marshes, tree-fringed lakes andreed islands. The Danube Delta is a wildlifeenthusiasts’ (especially bird watchers’) paradise. Some300 species of birds make the Danube’s delta theirhome, including cormorants, white tailed eagles andglossy ibises. There is also a rich community of fishand animals, from wildcats, foxes and wolves, to evenan occasional boar or deer. Altogether, 3,450 animalspecies can be seen here, as well as 1,700 plantspecies.
DÂMBOVICIOAREI QUAYDâmbovicioarei Quay looksimpressive and it is part of aseries of at least 20 quays in thearea.This quay is dug in sedimentaryrock formations, limestone, andsandstone conglomerate shapingan 8 km long canyon, which insome parts of the valley has wallsthat exceed 200 m in height.By the action of erosion the riverhas created bizarre shapes oftowers, or sharp increases. Thisarea includes more than 50 caves.
THE SECULAR FOREST FROM SLĂTIOARASlătioara Forest is a protected area of national interest. Itwas declared a nature reservation in 1941.It shelters on a surface of 1,064 ha a fragment of a secular,virgin forest. The trees which make up this reservation aresome of the oldest trees in Romania and also Europe, a fewbeing 350-400 years old.The natural monuments encountered here are: the yew tree,the rock mouse ear, the spurge olive and the sweet water redalgae. Five new species of butterfly have been discovered,but also the endemic species, unique in the world, Carabusrarauense.
TRANSFĂGĂRĂŞANUL PASSBuilt as a strategic military route, it is the highest and most dramatic paved road inRomania. The road climbs to 2,034 meters of altitude. It is a winding road, dottedwith steep hairpin turns, long S-curves, and sharp descents. The Transfăgărăşan isboth an attraction and a challenge for hikers, cyclists, drivers and motorcycleenthusiasts alike.
Situated at 2,216 m altitude and seenfrom one side and from the front, the THE SPHINXmegalith (8 m in height and 12 m inwidth) has a striking resemblance witha human head. But no chisel andhammer have touched this block ofstone. The amazing shape is all thework of wind, water and the constantfrost and defrosts. The first picture ofthis megalith dates back to 1900, butonly in 1935 it was called a sphinx.The man-shaped stone is looking to thesky.
THE OLD WOMEN – “BABELE”The Old Women is situated onthe Bucegi Mountains plateau.The name comes from somemushroom shaped rock formationsresembling human silhouettes, theresult of erosion and varyinghardness of the rock layers.
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