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e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net Places to visit in Macedonia: Lakes Mountains Monuments Events There is a special place waiting for you. A place still unspoiled, yet experienced by more and more nature lovers and adventurers each year. That special place is Macedonia – where beauty and culture blend to create unique experiences. “ There, where the sun shines forever - there is Macedonia” is from an old popular song. Macedonia is exactly that - a small country where the sun always shines, in the scenic heart of the Balkans
Most beaytifull lakes in Macedonia are: Ohrid Lake, Prespa Lake and Dojran Lake e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net Next
Ohrid Lake <ul><li>Lake Ohrid (Macedonian: Охридско Езеро , straddles the mountainous border between the southwestern region of the Republic of Macedonia and eastern Albania. It is one of Europe’s deepest and according to most experts the oldest lake in Europe, preserving a unique aquatic ecosystem with more than 200 endemic species that is of worldwide importance. The importance of the lake was further emphasized when it was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1979. </li></ul>e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net Next
Legend <ul><li>There is a legend about the way that Ohrid was created that is told by everyone who lives outside of this amazing city; they say that once God had finished creating the world, he took his rest and during this time Satan created Ohrid. He made it so beautiful with a wonderful lake, steep mountains, lush pastures and a temperate climate. God was totally amazed when he awoke and asked the devil, “What have you done, devil? Your deeds are supposed to be evil!” The twist in the story comes in Satan’s reply, “Oh, wait a minute, God. You haven't seen Ohrid's citizens yet!” </li></ul>e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net Next
Churches <ul><li>Ohrid has 365 churches. Most beutifull are: The church of St. Sofia, St. Clement, The monastery of s.Naum, St. John the Theologian - Kaneo, various cave churches and rural churches, Plaoshnikc </li></ul>e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net Next
Ohrid Swimming marathon <ul><li>You should be there for the Swimming marathon. - According to hearsay, the first massive swimming competition in the Lake Ohrid took place in 1924. Similar contests were organized in 1927 and 1928. There is also a record of the establishment of the first water sports society in 1932 - The Swimming and Rowing Club "Ohrid". In those days, the best swimmers were: Slave Bitrak, Dio Bogdan, Lambe Bido, Boris Filipce, Viktor Boev, Stefan Momir, and others. e first real marathon contest along the route of village Pestani-Struga-Ohrid (36 km) took place in 1962, with 22 participants from 12 countries. Since 1998 the Ohrid Swimming Marathon has entered in the World Swimming Club of the 12 worldwide held marathons under the patronage of FINA-The World Swimming Association </li></ul>e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net Next
e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net Fortress of King Samuil During King Samuel's reign (976-1014 A.D.) Ohrid was the capital of the first state of the Macedonian Slavs. Samuel’s Fortress in Ohrid dates back to the 3rd century and initially had three entrance gates, of which only one, the Upper Gate, has been preserved to this day. Before and after Samuel’s reign, the fortress had been demolished and rebuilt several times. The highest part of Ohrid, which is 100 meters above the lake level, is surrounded by 10-16m high walls, built of stone, lime, and sand from the lake, and two defense towers. After the arrival of colonizers from Asia, led by their commander Mino, the town started spreading outside the walls, on the surrounding plain. There is a legend about tzar Samuel . In the many battles fought back then, Samuel's army was defeated by the Byzantines and all the 14000 men in the army had been completely blinded...each 100th soldier had been left with one eye only in order to be able to guide the others back home. When Samuel saw his people blinded, they say he died of a shock and broken heart. Next
Lake Dojran <ul><li>According to an old legend, a Macedonian girl named Dojrana was accustomed to fetching water from special springs that had to be sealed following use. Yet at the very moment Dojrana was filling her jugs, she heard that her beloved had come back from the army, and forgot to seal the springs. Lake Dojran was, the legend says, the result of her unthinking euphoria. </li></ul>e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net Next
<ul><li>Due to the Mediterranean climate of southern Macedonia and the proximity of the balmy Aegean not far to the south, vegetation starts blooming in the Dojran area in early spring and continues to do so until late autumn. And so though Lake Dojran is only 10 meters (30 feet) deep at its deepest point, it is brimming with life. Owing to the large quantity of weeds that grow in the lake and the large number of plankton on its surface, Dojran’s waters are considered to be very beneficial for treating rheumatism, skin diseases and respiratory diseases, and many tourists come for precisely this reason. </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristic of the lake are the fishing boats and the fishermen’s huts standing on stilts above the surface of the water. The method of fishing here is very original and very old, performed with the help of the cormorants, gulls and other birds that fly above the lake, directing the fish into the baskets where they are gathered in huge quantities. </li></ul>e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net Next
Lake Prespa <ul><li>The two Prespa Lakes – Golema (Great) and Mala (Small) are the only ones on the Balkan Peninsula to have islands. The five- Golum Grad, Mala Grad, Pirg, Agios Achillaeos and Vidrinec- are located in the three countries that share the lakes today, Macedonia, Albania and Greece. With its irregular coastline, plethora of bays, extraordinary cleanliness of water, pristine nature, and setting between three national parks, Prespa is truly a place one must visit. </li></ul>e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net Next
<ul><li>With a surface area of 273 sq. km, Great Prespa Lake is the second largest in Macedonia after Ohrid. Between the two lies the Galicica Mountain, through which flows an underground stream named Zavir. Through it, Lake Prespa supplies Lake Ohrid with water that comes out on the other side near the monastery of St. Naum and in the Biljana spring near Ohrid town. </li></ul>e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net Next
<ul><li>The Prespa region is ecologically speaking the cleanest part of Macedonia, its nature seemingly untouched by human hands. The white pelican, black raven, heron and gull all congregate near the lake so abundant with fish, which include varieties such as trout, carp, red finned carp, chub, barbell, and others. While the unpopulated island of Golem Grad is a protected nature reserve, it is also accessible to tourists. The island is characterized by its century-old juniper trees, as well as the abundance of endemic animal life. When the level of the water falls, old settlements from the 11th and 12th centuries become visible. </li></ul>e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net Next
Pelister <ul><li>Pelister Park straddles Macedonia’s southern border with Greece, running along the Baba Mountain (the third-highest in Macedonia). It is located only 15 km (9 m) from Macedonia’s second city, Bitola, and makes for an invigorating natural escape from urban life. </li></ul><ul><li>Pelister is characterized by lush, well-watered forests and unique geological formations, which include layers of Paleozoic and Mesozoic magma rock and layers of quartz. The core of the mountain is made of granite some 465 million years old. The mountain has a large number of peaks higher than 2000 meters (6,500 feet) separated by deep valleys. Mt. Pelister itself stands a magisterial 2,601 meters (8,533 feet) high. The park is also rich in springs, streams and rivers, and contains two glacial lakes known locally as the Mountain’s Eyes. </li></ul>Next
Mavrovo <ul><li>The highest mountain peaks in Macedonia are all found in Mavrovo National Park, located in the western-central edge of the country. These peaks, which include the Sara, Desad and Bistra, are topped by the imposing Great Korab Mountain (2,764 meters or 9,069 feet high). Not only do these mountains provide magnificent visual landscapes, they also offer some of the best skiing in the Balkans. </li></ul><ul><li> Mavrovo’s impressive forests contain more than 100 rare species of trees, and its rugged hilltops are rich in wild teas and herbs that can be easily gathered by hand.Lake Mavrovo, located just beneath the ski center, makes Mavrovo National Park a popular weekend resort all year around. </li></ul>Next
Galichica <ul><li>Galicica is a mountain that separates the two biggest Macedonian lakes, Ohrid and Prespa. From Goga, the highest peak of the mountain, both lakes are simultaneously visible – a unique and extraordinary sight, especially at sunset. </li></ul><ul><li>Containing as it does more than 130 different species of trees and bushes, Galicica is one of Europe’s richest national parks in terms of flora, and easily accessible too; it’s only a fifteen-minute drive from Ohrid town, and very close to settlements on the Prespa side as well. </li></ul>Next
Stobi <ul><li>The archaeological site (located just 3 km or 1.8 miles from the Gradsko exit on Highway E-75) offers sweeping views of the central Macedonian plain and contains buildings such as the 2nd century amphitheatre, the Theodosia palace, and early Christian ruins with extensive and ornate mosaic floors. </li></ul>
Heraklea Bitola <ul><li>Famous for its dazzling mosaics, ancient theater and Roman baths, Heraclea is the most vividly preserved city from the Ancient Macedonian empire surviving in the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in the 4th century B.C.E. and conquered by the Romans two centuries later, it was built on the Via Egnatia and became one of the key stations on this trading route. </li></ul>
Europe – places to visit <ul><li>ROMANIA </li></ul>e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net
The Muddy volcanoes from Buzau Romania The Martian Place near which we live. PPT is made by Gina Posirca Scoala Nr 12 Buzau Romania
The legend. They say that these places once, and ogres lived here were the best pastures and the more beautiful and more cattle. Being a manors it, attracted people who have banished the ogres and they took the land and cattle. Ogres have never occurred on earth and are going now living under ground, that's their world. But the anger people remained until today and they seek revenge for what the river they have made people, elongate them on earth. Therefore, they do mesh ogres, mud pits, in which water and stammering milul. In many mesh to keep the water clear and good and if any man or any life is so drink, the eye opens and Swallow man or animal and nobody him out, his pull down in the bottom of Earth, ogres. It's not good to approaching humans or life of the mesh, as it danger, but they know that many were missing soak in the large mesh as the wheel carrier.
The mud volcanoes create a strange lunar landscape, due to the absence of vegetation around the cones. Vegetation is scarce because the soil is very salty, an environmental condition in which few plants can survive. However, this kind of environment is good for some rare species of plants.
I AM GLAD TO MEET YOU! The volcanoes are not extremely high (the highest are probably 5-6 meters) and they are not toxic.
The Berca Muddy Volcanoes are rarely visited by local villagers – as they believe the place is cursed by evil and malefic spirits. The Muddy Volcanoes are also called “the gates of hell”. Sure the fear of unexplained leaves room for many odd beliefs. Tourists are also rare, but not because the place is “haunted.” The relatively low number of tourists has more to do with the roads’ accessibility – you’ll need a Jeep or something similar to drive there. Other cars will probably give you a hard time.
“ Mud volcanoes,” also known as “sedimentary volcanoes” or “gas - oil volcanoes,” are close cousins to magmatic volcanoes. Just like magmatic volcanoes, they can erupt powerfully and hurl flames to great heights (sometimes even several hundred of meters). They spew out millions of cubic meters of hydrocarbon gases and tons of mud. Mud volcanoes also exist on the floor of the sea and can form islands and banks that alter the topography and shape of the coastline and even trigger earthquakes.
The Mud Volcanoes are a geological and botanical reservation located in the Berca commune in the Buzau Country in Romania. Its most spectacular feature is the mud volcanoes , small volcano-shaped structures typically a few meters high caused by the eruption of mud and volcanic gases.
Europe – places to visit <ul><li>Istanbul. Turkey </li></ul>e-twinning project www.e-twinning.net
<ul><li>Istanbul is a very big c ity. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a beautiful city. </li></ul><ul><li>There are a lot of museums, historical places, natural beauties in İstanbul . </li></ul><ul><li>You can buy anything, you want in Istanbul because there are so many shops. </li></ul><ul><li>There are nearly 1 2 million people live in Istanbul. </li></ul><ul><li>The continents of Asia and Europe meet in İstanbul. </li></ul>
Maiden's Tower, Signature of Istanbul <ul><li>Maiden's Tower is the symbol of Istanbul due to its unique location at the intersection point of the two continents Europe and Asia, 2500 years old history and legends that have been subject to many stories and poems through out the history. </li></ul><ul><li>(http://www.kizkulesi.com.tr/default_en.aspx) </li></ul>
THE GALATA TOWER <ul><li>This tower at the slopes of Galata is visible every where in the city, and is 61 m tall.The tower is at the hill which over looks both to the Bospherus and the Golden Horn and the sea of Marmara. </li></ul><ul><li>One day,an scientist named Hazerfen Ahmet Çelebi jumped down the tower and flew to the opposite side of the Bosphorus strait by using the wings which he had invented ( 17th century ) </li></ul>
HISTORY OF AYASOFYA <ul><li>Hagia Sophia ; ( Turkish : Ayasofya , from the Greek : Ἁγία Σοφία , " Holy Wisdom "; Latin : Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia ) is a former patriarchal basilica , later a mosque , now a museum in Istanbul , Turkey . Famous in particular for its massive dome , it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture and to have "changed the history of architecture.“ It was the largest cathedral in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Seville Cathedral in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537 A.D. on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian . </li></ul><ul><li>(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagia_Sophia) </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Topkapı Palace ( Turkish : Topkapı Sarayı ) or in Ottoman Turkish : طوپقپو سرايى , usually spelled "Topkapi" in English) is a palace in Istanbul , Turkey , which was the official and primary residence in the city of the Ottoman Sultans for 400 years of their 600-year reign, from 1465 to 1853. </li></ul><ul><li>(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Topkap%C4%B1_Palace) </li></ul>
THE BASALICA CISTERN <ul><li>THE HISTORY OF THE BASILICA CISTERN One of the magnificent historical constructions of Istanbul is the Basilica Cistern, located near south-west of Ayasofya (Hagia Sophia). This huge cistern, which was founded by Justinianus I, a Byzantine Empire (527-565), began to be called by the public ‘the Sinking Palace’ – and not without a reason, seeing the great number of marble columns arising out of the water. In place of the cistern was formerly found a great Basilica, which had probably been built in IIIrd or IVth century during the Early Roman Age to be used in commercial and legal affairs and scientific and artistic activities. (http://www.yerebatan.com/english/index.html) </li></ul>
..about Riga <ul><li>Riga, the capital of Latvia , was officially founded in 1201. Riga is divided into six administrative districts: Centra, Kurzeme, Ziemeļu, Latgale, Vidzeme and Zemgale districts. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Riga is located along the Baltic Sea at the southern coast of the Gulf of Riga, on the Rigava coastal plain. The historical core of Riga is situated on the right bank of the Daugava River, about 10 kilometers from where the Daugava flows into the Gulf of Riga. The natural terrain of this area is a flat and sandy plain, about 1 to 10 meters above the sea level. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Climate in Riga is influenced by its proximity to the sea; therefore it is moderately warm and humid. </li></ul><ul><li>Summers are comparatively cool and cloudy (average temperature in July +16.9 C; average precipitation (rainfall) – 85 mm). </li></ul>
<ul><li>Winters are comparatively warm with frequent thaws (average temperature in January – 4,7 C, thaw days are about 10 days a month). Snow cover forms in the middle of December and remain through the middle of March. About 40% of the days in a year are cloudy (overcast), average precipitation – 700-720 mm a year. </li></ul>
The Symbols of Riga <ul><li>The current coat of arms of Riga was approved on 31 October 1925 and the approval was renewed in 1988. Riga has a large and small coat of arms. </li></ul><ul><li>The current flag of Riga was approved on 4 May 1937, using the white and blue colours of the 17th century flag as a foundation. To these are added the city’s coats of arms. </li></ul>
Riga’s Architecture and Enviroment <ul><li>In the architecture of the historic centre of Riga examples of all architectural styles characteristic for the Northern Europe, from Gothic to Modernism, are found. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The regular building of the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries is characteristic for the planning of the historic centre, oriented towards the direction of main streets in the Old City, which emerged approximately in the 14th century. Dismantling of outdated defense systems (ramparts, dams, constructions) in 1857 – 1863 was an important impetus for the development of the city construction. </li></ul>
<ul><li>As a result, the picturesque Boulevard Circle was designed and in the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, with the rapid development of high-rise dwelling construction, unique Art Nouveau examples were created. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In some districts of Riga, for various reasons, complex wooden constructions of that time have still been preserved, and that is an amazing phenomenon in the 21st century. In 1997 the historic center of Riga due to this valued architecture was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. </li></ul>