When the Pew Internet Project first began writing about the role of the internet in American life in 2000, there were stark differences between those who were using the internet and those who were not.1 Today, differences in internet access still exist among different demographic groups, especially when it comes to access to high-speed broadband at home. Among the main findings about the state of digital access:One in five American adults does not use the internet. Senior citizens, those who prefer to take our interviews in Spanish rather than English, adults with less than a high school education, and those living in households earning less than $30,000 per year are the least likely adults to have internet access.Among adults who do not use the internet, almost half have told us that the main reason they don’….t go online is because they don’t think the internet is relevant to them. Most have never used the internet before, and don’t have anyone in their household who does. About one in five say that they do know enough about technology to start using the internet on their own, and only one in ten told us that they were interested in using the internet or email in the future.The 27% of adults living with disability in the U.S. today are significantly less likely than adults without a disability to go online (54% vs. 81%). Furthermore, 2% of adults have a disability or illness that makes it more difficult or impossible for them to use the internet at all.Though overall internet adoption rates have leveled off, adults who are already online are doing more. And even for many of the “core” internet activities we studied, significant differences in use remain, generally related to age, household income, and educational attainment.The ways in which people connect to the internet are also much more varied today than they were in 2000. As a result, internet access is no longer synonymous with going online with a desktop computer:Currently, 88% of American adults have a cell phone, 57% have a laptop, 19% own an e-book reader, and 19% have a tablet computer; about six in ten adults (63%) go online wirelessly with one of those devices. Gadget ownership is generally correlated with age, education, and household income, although some devices—notably e-book readers and tablets—are as popular or even more popular with adults in their thirties and forties than young adults ages 18-29.The rise of mobile is changing the story. Groups that have traditionally been on the other side of the digital divide in basic internet access are using wireless connections to go online. Among smartphone owners, young adults, minorities, those with no college experience, and those with lower household income levels are more likely than other groups to say that their phone is their main source of internet access.Even beyond smartphones, both African Americans and English-speaking Latinos are as likely as whites to own any sort of mobile phone, and are more likely to use their phones for a wider range of activities.
Southern Utah Technology Council 12-14-12
Project UpdatesSouthern Utah Technology Council December 14, 2012
Illuminating the need for broadband planning…GROWTH IN THE USE OF BROADBAND-ENABLED TECHNOLOGIES IS EXPECTEDTO [CONTINUE TO] BOOM
The Internet: Then and Now2000 2012• 46% of US adults used the • 82% of US adults use the internet internet • 2/3 have broadband at home• 5% had broadband (even higher in Utah) connections at home • 88% have a cell phone• 0% connected to the – 46% are smartphone users internet wirelessly – 19% have a tablet computer – 19% have an e-reader• 0% used social network • 2/3 are wireless internet users sites • 65% of online adults use socialInfo flowed mainly one way network sitesInfo consumption was a Info is now portable, participatorystationary activity and personal Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project www.pewinternet.org
So, Who isn’t Online? The Current State of Digital AccessOne in five American adults does not use the internet.• Among adults who do not use the internet, almost half have told surveyors that the main reason they don’t go online is because they don’t think the internet is relevant to them.• The 27% of adults living with disability in the U.S. today are significantly less likely than adults without a disability to go online (54% vs. 81%).• Though overall internet adoption rates have leveled off, adults who are already online are doing more.• The rise of mobile is changing the story.• Even beyond smartphones, both African Americans and English-speaking Latinos are as likely as whites to own any sort of mobile phone, and are more likely to use their phones for a wider range of activities. Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project www.pewinternet.org
What else we know…• Utah is the national leader in home broadband adoption, with 80% of households in Utah using broadband at home.• We have the youngest population in the United States.• There is no gap in demand for broadband services in rural and urban Utah.• Schools are connected, most with a gigabit- enabled speeds.• Residential broadband is widely available, even in rural areas.
National Comparisons Source: TechNet www.technet.org
Where is broadband available?BROADBAND SERVICES IN UTAH
Availability is only part of the story…HOW CAN YOU PLAY A ROLE INBROADBAND DEPLOYMENT ANDADOPTION?
Communities need both robust and affordable broadband accessBusiness Needs Citizen Needs• High-capacity broadband • Communities need access is critical to the state’s affordable home broadband ability to attract and retain access businesses of all sizes. • Communities also need – Utah is known as a strategic location for national places free public access a connectivity and has attracted computer and the internet high tech companies such as – Libraries or community Adobe, Oracle, IM Flash centers often fill this need Overstock and Ebay• Businesses are increasingly • 1/5 American adults aren’t demanding reliable, redundant online because they don’t broadband see the need
Is there a city official who can answer these questions in your town?• Who are companies that provide broadband service in my city?• Do all of our citizens have the ability to get some form of broadband access at home?• Where can our citizens go to get free public access?• Are businesses getting the broadband services they need? Find your local champion!
In the National Broadband Plan, the FCC states: “Americans can check their bank accounts, communicate with customer servicerepresentatives and do their shopping anytime, anywhere by using applications enabled bybroadband. Americans now expect this level of service from their government and are often disappointed with what they find.”
Are Utah’s local governments online?• According to the Utah Association of Counties, all counties currently have a website – http://www.uacnet.org/about-counties/links-to- cos-and-others/• According to the Utah League of Cities and Towns (ULCT) not all cities have a website – http://www.ulct.org/ulct/about/linkstocities.html
Utah Cities and Towns Without a Website Out of 245 Utahcities or towns, only 166 had a website No Website 32% Have a Website 68%
Are Utah Businesses Online?• Results based on a 2011 survey conducted by the Business Expansion and Retention (BEAR) initiative – BEAR is based in GOED, and covers rural counties • All counties except Davis, Salt Lake, Utah and Weber• The Survey gathered data from about 5,000 small to medium-sized businesses, including whether or not their business had a website• 20 Counties surveyed (focused on rural): – Beaver, Box Elder, Cache, Carbon, Daggett, Duchesne, Emery, Garfield, Grand, Iron, Juab, Kane, Millard, Piute, San Juan, Sevier, Toole, Uintah, Wasatch, Wayne – 9 Counties not surveyed: • Davis, Morgan, Rich, Salt Lake, San Pete, Summit, Utah, Washington, Weber
Small-Medium Utah Businesses Without a Website Out of 4,690 Utahbusinesses surveyed, only 1333 had a website Have a No Website Website 28% 72%
Utah Businesses Without Websites by County Have a Website No Website0 38 44 18 1 126 16 32 196 64 49 105 24 17 3357 776 179 212 366 941 1535 174 119 49 2 204 15 22 128 39 30 59 12 6 1333 191 35 36 65 134 8 66% 61% 16%
Utah Broadband Advisory Council Mission To examine the condition of broadband adoption and deployment in the State of Utah and to provide the Governor and Legislature with recommendations and policy guidance related to the findings of the Advisory Council.
Economic PublicEducation Libraries Development Safety Rural TribalHealth Care Transportation Broadband Broadband Access Access
Regional Broadband Planning Councils• Work through seven AOGs to form Councils• Address issues at the local/regional level – Use toolkits to assist with execution – Identify, evaluate and plan at local level – Report back to State Broadband Advisory Council• Provide technical assistance and support as needed• Host Utah Broadband Summit in Fall 2013
Resources from the Utah Broadband Project• Data, data, data. – Interactive Utah Broadband Map – Data available for download – Customized maps upon request—Especially important to empower local leaders…• Broadband Advisory Council meetings and members – Open monthly meetings – Can facilitate broadband planning discussions• Monthly newsletters, weekly blogposts• Project website: broadband.utah.gov
Upcoming Events• January 10-11, 2013: Governor’s Energy Development Summit, @Salt Palace Convention Center• January 28, 2013: Maps on the Hill, 11:00 am to 1:30 pm, @Utah State Capitol Building• March 8, 2013: Rural Legislative Day, 9:00 am to 3:00 pm, @ Utah State Capitol Building• March 11-13, 2013: Utah Rural Telecom Association Annual Meeting, located at the Hilton Garden Inn, St. George, Utah.