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Css class 10   socio-economic context 120309
 

Css class 10 socio-economic context 120309

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Lesson 10 for Grad Course on CSS (from UTCM Report #08-14-03 "Making Mobility Improvements a Community Asset: Transportation Improvements Using Context-Sensitive Solutions")

Lesson 10 for Grad Course on CSS (from UTCM Report #08-14-03 "Making Mobility Improvements a Community Asset: Transportation Improvements Using Context-Sensitive Solutions")

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    Css class 10   socio-economic context 120309 Css class 10 socio-economic context 120309 Presentation Transcript

    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationClass 10 Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design CSS within the Socio-Economic Context 1
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationLearning Outcomes Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design •Community Impact Assessment (CIA) •Application to team project 2
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationRe-Defining Context Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Laws & Regulations Project Funding? Context Politics? for Transportation Human Environment Natural Environment 3
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationHuman Context Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • The Socio-Economic Community – Cultural resources – Economic structure – Social structure – Public health – Public spaces – Recreational amenities – Noise 4
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationTransportation Issues Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Human Environment • Community • Land use planning – Diversity – Existing development – Neighborhoods – Fast paced new development • Economic conditions – Zoning – Income • Cultural resources – Employment – Archaeological sites – Mobility – Historical structures or sites – Navigable waterways • Air quality – Industries • Noise • Public facilities & services • Railroads 5
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationTransportation Issues Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Human Environment • Technical Issues – Traffic management effectiveness – Compatibility with regional planning – Emergency evacuation routes – Cost-effective solution • Public Involvement – Meets public needs/perception – Supported by local elected officials http://www.dansmithartist.com/Weekly-Cartoons/Hurricane-Preparedness-8-3-06.jpg 6
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCIA – What is it? Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Community Impact Assessment • Process to evaluate the effects of a transportation action on a community and its quality of life – integral part of project planning and development – Shapes outcome of a project – used continuously to mold the project – documentation of current and anticipated social environment of area with and without action • Should include mobility, safety, employment effects, relocation, isolation, and other issues 7
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationWhy Use CIA? Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Alerts affected communities and residents, as well as transportation decisionmakers, to the likely consequences of a project, and ensures that human values and concerns receive proper attention during project development 8
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationWhy Use CIA? Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Quality of Life • Responsive Decision-making • Coordination • Nondiscrimination 9
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationImpact Assessment Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design •Economic development opportunities •Regional development goals and plans •Traffic congestion and safety •Transit considerations •Bicycle, pedestrian and greenway considerations •Accessibility and parking considerations 10
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationImpact Assessment Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design •Business, institutional and residential relocations and impacts •Community stability and neighborhood cohesion •Tax base changes, changes in employment •Visual impacts •Farmland impacts •Scenic rivers and water supply watersheds •Title VI and Environmental Justice •Secondary/cumulative impacts 11
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationEnvironmental Justice Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design “No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” – Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 12
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationEnvironmental Justice Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Presidential Executive Order 12898 directed every Federal agency to make environmental justice part of its mission by identifying and addressing the effects of all programs, policies and activities on “minority populations and low-income populations.” The requirements of this Executive Order extend to all recipients and subrecipients of Federal financial assistance. 13
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationEnvironmental Justice Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Three fundamental principles of Environmental Justice (EJ) 1. To avoid, minimize or mitigate disproportionately high and adverse human health and environmental effects, including social and economic effects, on minority populations and low-income populations. 2. To ensure the full and fair participation by all potentially affected communities in the transportation decisionmaking process. 3. To prevent the denial of, reduction in or significant delay in the receipt of benefits by minority and low-income populations. 14
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationEnvironmental Justice Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Applies to All Transportation Decisions • Policy Decisions • Systems Planning • Metropolitan and Statewide Planning • Project Development and Environmental Review under NEPA • Preliminary Design • Final Design Engineering • Right of Way • Construction • Operations and Maintenance 15
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationEnvironmental Justice Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Regional Mobility Authorities (RMA) and Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPO) Roles • RMAs are political subdivisions that can accelerate needed transportation projects through the direction of a local board making local choices about local mobility needs to enhance the quality of life and economic growth of residents within a region • MPOs are primary forum where TxDOT, transit providers, local agencies and the public develop local transportation plans and programs that address a metropolitan area’s needs. MPOs can help local public officials understand how Title VI and environmental justice requirements improve planning and decision making. 16
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationEnvironmental Justice Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Title VI Compliance and EJ • Enhance their analytical capabilities to ensure that the longrange transportation plans and the transportation improvement program (TIP) documents comply with Title VI. • Identify residential, employment and transportation patterns of low-income and minority populations so that their needs can be identified and addressed and the benefits and burdens of transportation investments can be fairly distributed. • Evaluate and, where necessary, improve their public involvement processes to eliminate participation barriers and engage minority and low income populations in transportation decision making. 17
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationEnvironmental Justice Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Title VI Compliance and EJ – Transit Providers • Ensure that new investments and changes in transit facilities, services, maintenance and vehicle replacement deliver equitable levels of service and benefits to minority and low- income populations. • Avoid, minimize or mitigate disproportionately high and adverse effects on minority and low-income populations. • Enhance public involvement activities to identify and address the needs of minority and low-income populations in making transportation decisions. 18
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationEnvironmental Justice Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Title VI Compliance and EJ – The Public • Participate in public involvement activities (meetings, hearings, advisory groups and task forces) to help responsible state and local agencies understand community needs, perceptions and goals. • Get involved with state and local agencies to link SAFETEA-LU programs with other federal, state and local resources to fund projects that support community goals. www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/ej2.htm www.txdot.gov 19
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAssessment Process Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Define the Project Study Area • In coordination with engineers, develop various project alternatives which satisfy the project purpose and need, and identify areas of potential impact 20
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAssessment Process Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Develop a Community Profile • Determine the characteristics of the affected area, such as neighborhood boundaries, locations of residences and businesses, demographic information, economic data, social history of communities, and land use 21
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCommunity Profile Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Geographic and political location • Race, ethnicity and age • Income, poverty status and unemployment • Business activity/employment centers • Public facilities, schools and institutions • Police, fire, EMS and public services • Existing/future land uses and present/future zoning • Local/regional land use and/or development plans • Consistency with local/regional plans 22
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAssessment Process Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Analyze Impacts • Examine the impacts to the community of the proposed action versus no action • Identify and investigate the consequences of the transportation action 23
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAssessment Process Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Identify Solutions • Identify and recommend potential solutions to address adverse impacts • Techniques include avoidance, minimization, mitigation, and enhancement 24
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAssessment Process Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Use Public Involvement • Basis to develop project alternatives • Source of information to develop the community profile • Tool to identify and evaluate impacts • Method to identify acceptable ways to address impacts 25
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAssessment Process Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Document Findings • In addition to oral presentations, present the findings of the community impact assessment in written form for use by decisionmakers, to record findings, to disseminate to interested parties, and to support subsequent decisions 26
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAssessment Process Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Iterative Process • Communities are dynamic and constantly changing. As options change, the analyst must make appropriate re-evaluations and adjustments in findings, particularly if there are substantial time lapses in project development. 27
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationReading Assignment Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Part 3 - FHWA, Flexibility in Highway Design, 1997 http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/flex/ 28
    • Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationReferences Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • http://www.ciatrans.net/index.shtml 29