Css class 1 intro and overview 120309

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Lesson 1 for graduate course on Context Sensitive Solutions (CSS). Created for UTCM Report #08-14-03 "Making Mobility Improvements a Community Asset: Transportation Improvements Using Context-Sensitive Solutions"

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Css class 1 intro and overview 120309

  1. 1. Context Sensitive Solutions in Transportation Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Context Sensitive Solutions in Transportation Planning,Environmental Analysis and Design CVEN 689 1
  2. 2. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCourse Instructors Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Brian Bochner, P.E. – Texas Transportation Institute – Senior Research Engineer – Over 35 years experience in transportation planning and engineering • Beverly Storey, R.L.A. – Texas Transportation Institute – Associate Research Scientist – Manager of Environmental Management Program – Over 16 years experience in roadside design and transportation research 2
  3. 3. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationLearning Outcomes Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Describe the purpose and benefits of Context Sensitive Solutions (CSS) • Provide an understanding of CSS principles • Provide knowledge of when and how to use CSS • Identify and describe how CSS relates to the transportation planning process • See how CSS works in actual practice • Identify how local, state, and federal agencies can work together to effectively deliver CSS • Provide encouragement to practice CSS 3
  4. 4. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCourse Format Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Lecture and discussion • Text-book readings • Review of relevant literature • Class exercises to illustrate specific principles • Class participation 4
  5. 5. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCourse Content Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • CSS Defined • Project Development Process • Environmental Analysis • Characteristics of Successful Projects • Physical Context • Social Context • Mock CSS Workshop • Multimodal Applications • Place-making with CSS • Developing Supportive Design • CSS in Construction, Operations and Maintenance • CSS Project Approval Process • Using CSS in Professional Practice 5
  6. 6. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationWhat is CSS? Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design"CSS is a collaborative, interdisciplinaryapproach that involves all stakeholdersto develop a transportation facilitythat fits its physical setting andreserves scenic, aesthetic, historic andenvironmental resources, whilemaintaining safety and mobility. " http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/context/ 6
  7. 7. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCore Principles Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Transportation Stakeholders – CSS streamlines program delivery • Community Stakeholders – CSS improves the community’s quality of life • Common to all Stakeholders – CSS forms partnerships out of competing interests 7
  8. 8. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationContext Integration Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Deals with "context" both as a constraint and an opportunity • Requires sensitivity to the total context • Federal executive orders, statutes, and regulations mandate protection of many contextual resource elements impacted by transportation projects 8
  9. 9. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationContext Integration Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design I-70 Glenwood Canyon, Colorado 9
  10. 10. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationContext Integration Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Minnesota 10
  11. 11. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationContext Integration Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design 11
  12. 12. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationContext Integration Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design The Lincoln Homestead State Park Bridge – Springfield, Kentucky 12
  13. 13. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationContext Integration Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Main Street Square - Downtown Houston 13
  14. 14. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationContext Integration Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Legacy Town Center Main Street, Plano 14
  15. 15. Context Sensitive Solutions in Transportation Planning, Environmental Analysis and DesignWhat is your favorite driving experience? Why? 15
  16. 16. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCSS Milestones Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • 1969 -The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) • 1991- Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) – transportation projects built in historic or scenic value areas be designed to appropriate standards or to adopt mitigations to minimize impacts on those resources – strengthened requirements for public participation • 1998 - Thinking Beyond the Pavement: National Workshop on Integrating Highway Development with Communities and the Environment While Maintaining Safety and Performance 16
  17. 17. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationThe Beginning Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Thinking Beyond the Pavement • 1998 workshop introduces the term Context Sensitive Design • Results in the selection of six pilot states and agencies – Connecticut DOT – Kentucky DOT – Maryland DOT – Minnesota DOT – Utah DOT – FHWA Eastern Federal Lands 17
  18. 18. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCSS Milestones Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • 2003 – Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Performance Plan objective to incorporate context sensitive solutions into planning and project development in all 50 states by 2007 • 2004 - FHWA and partners launch CSS website http://www.contextsensitivesolutions.org/ • 2005 - Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) promotes consideration of CSS core principles in planning and project development processes 18
  19. 19. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationFederal Policy Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design FHWA Administrator Mary Peters in a January 24, 2002 memo challenged her agency . . . “A transportation facility is an integral part of the community’s fabric and it can help define the character of a community or it can destroy it.” “We should seek to institutionalize the principles of CSD with the same commitment that drove the implementation of the Interstate Highway System.” 19
  20. 20. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationNEPA Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) – requires federal agencies to integrate environmental values into their decision-making processes by considering the environmental impacts of their proposed actions and reasonable alternatives to those actions 20
  21. 21. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationThe Challenges Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design Safety Physical Cost Character Environmental Multimodal Project Quality Considerations Design Historical and Scenic Characteristics Accessibility Capacity Natural & Human Environment 21
  22. 22. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationBefore CSS Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design American Road Building Eras• The 19th Century – Grassroots – Multimodal• The 20th Century – Scientific – Standardization• The 21st Century – Synthesis of 19th and 20th Centuries – Context Sensitive Solutions 22
  23. 23. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationStatus quo ante Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design 23
  24. 24. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationCSS Synonyms Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Thinking Beyond the Pavement • Context Sensitive Design • Community Sensitive Design • Customer Sensitive Solutions • Common Sense Solutions • Place-making • Engineering Judgment • Right-Sizing Projects 24
  25. 25. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationResources Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design• AASHTO, Guide for Achieving Flexibility in Highway Design, July 2004• AASHTO, A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, 2004• FHWA, Flexibility in Highway Design, 1997 http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/flex/• ITE, Context Sensitive Solutions in Designing Major Urban Thoroughfares in Walkable Communities, March 2006 http://www.ite.org/bookstore/RP036.pdf• NCHRP 480, A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions, 2002. http://onlinepubs.trb.org/Onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_rpt_480.pdf• MassHighways, Project Development and Design Guide, 2006 http://www.mhd.state.ma.us/default.asp?pgid=content/designGuide&sid=about• DVRPC, Smart Transportation Guidebook, 2008 http://www.dvrpc.org/asp/pubs/reports/08030A.pdf• TxDOT Landscape and Aesthetic Design Manual, 2007 http://onlinemanuals.txdot.gov/txdotmanuals/lad/index.htm 25
  26. 26. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationAssignment Planning, Environmental Analysis and DesignNext Class Session – What is your favorite street and why? – Document with pictures, map, etc. – List design elements – Will share next class 26
  27. 27. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationMy Favorite Street Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Characteristics – Architecture – History – Scale – Urban vs. rural – Active vs. serene – Streetscape/landscape – People – View – Street/road configuration 27
  28. 28. Context Sensitive Solutions in TransportationReading Assignment Planning, Environmental Analysis and Design • Chapter 1 - Context Sensitive Solutions in Designing Major Urban Thoroughfares in Walkable Communities, March 2006 http://www.ite.org/bookstore/RP036.pdf • Section A NCHRP 480, A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions, 2002 http://onlinepubs.trb.org/Onlinepubs/nchrp/nchrp_r pt_480.pdf 28

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