MAGIC or multiparent advanced generation inter-crosses is an experimental method that increases the precision with which genetic markers are linked to quantitative trait loci (QTL). This method was first introduced by (Mott et al., 2000) in animals as an extension of the advanced intercrossing (AIC) approach suggested by (Darvasi and Soller , 1995)for fine mapping multiple QTLs for multiple traits. Advanced Intercrossed Lines (AILs) are generated by randomly and sequentially intercrossing a population initially originating from a cross between two inbred lines.
MAGIC involves multiple parents, called founder lines, rather than bi-parental control. AILs increase the recombination events in small chromosomal regions for the purpose of fine mapping. These lines are then cycled through multiple generations of outcrossing. Each generation of random mating reduces the extent of linkage disequilibrium (LD), allowing the QTL to be mapped more accurately.