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Peloponnesian War

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A PowerPoint developed for a secondary level Ancient Civilizations class. Items in red are what I considered to be terminal concepts.

A PowerPoint developed for a secondary level Ancient Civilizations class. Items in red are what I considered to be terminal concepts.

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  • 1. End of Greek Cooperation : Formation of the Delian League • Throughout 479 & 478 BC, the Greeks continued the war against Persia • Withdraw of Sparta from the Alliance in 478BC • Creation of the Delian League in 478 BC • Military campaigns continue until 450 BC • Despite the end of the Persian threat, the Athenians sought stricter control over the league • The Delian League becomes an Athenian Empire The Peloponnesian War
  • 2.
    • Athens: The Age of Pericles
    • The leading statesman of the Athenian empire, and thus gave his name to the period
    • Rebuilding of Athens & the Acropolis
    • • Zenith of Athenian literature as represented by Sophocles and Euripides
  • 3.
    • Greece: Internal Challenges
    • With her defeat of the Persians, Athens became more and more dominating over the Delian League
    • Athens used Delian League money to rebuild Athens after Persian Wars
    • The resentment erupts into one of the longest and most dramatic events in Greek history, the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC)
  • 4.
    • Internal Challenges :
    • Outbreak of War
    • By 430 BC, the aggressiveness of Athens had alarmed the allies of Sparta
    • Athenian interference in a conflict between Corinth (Sparta’s naval ally) & Corcyra (Corinth’s most bitter enemy)
    • Athenian demands on Potidaea
    • Meeting of the Peloponnesian League and declaration of war
  • 5.
    • Peloponnesian War :
    • Opposing Sides
    • Sparta
    • – Head of the Peloponnesian League,
    • possessed no empire but had many allies
    • – Greatest army in Greece
    • Athens
    • – Relied upon its empire to provide grain for its people and tribute to pay for its navy
    • – Greatest navy in Greece
  • 6.
    • The Archidamian War (431-421 BC)
    • First ten years of the war named for Archidamus, one of the Spartan
    • kings at the beginning of the war
    • Spartan invasion of Attica
    • Athenian raids upon the coastal cities of the
    • Peloponnese
    • Plague attacks Athens
    • Death of Pericles
    • Peace of Nicias in 421 BC
  • 7.  
  • 8.
    • The Breakdown of Peace & the Final Defeat of Athens
    • The Syracuse Expedition (415 BC)
    • – Alcibiades and his plans
    • – Failure of Expedition - Major defeat for Athens
    • Sparta asks Persia for help! Needed navy
    • Destruction of the Athenian fleet in the Dardanelles (405 BC)
    • Athens surrenders (404 BC)
  • 9.
    • The Defeat of Athens:
    • Results & Consequences
    • Surrender of her empire and the tearing down
    • of the “long walls”
    • Imposition of the Thirty Tyrants, but democracy is restored in 403 BC
    • Athens never regained her power although
    • democracy did survive
    • The lack of any great political leaders after
    • the death off Pericles had doomed Athens
  • 10.
    • Conclusion
      • Greeks had proven that they could unite
      • Allegiance remained to city-state
      • Concept of Greece was still elusive
      • Although Sparta won, they did not know what to do with their victory
      • Sparta relied too heavily on her allies for everything
      • Power vacuum left by the defeat of Athens and the lack of imperial will on the part of the Spartans
      • Vacuum would be filled by Philip of Macedon
      • Greeks powerless to do anything about it