Peloponnesian War
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Peloponnesian War

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A PowerPoint developed for a secondary level Ancient Civilizations class. Items in red are what I considered to be terminal concepts.

A PowerPoint developed for a secondary level Ancient Civilizations class. Items in red are what I considered to be terminal concepts.

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    Peloponnesian War Peloponnesian War Presentation Transcript

    • End of Greek Cooperation : Formation of the Delian League • Throughout 479 & 478 BC, the Greeks continued the war against Persia • Withdraw of Sparta from the Alliance in 478BC • Creation of the Delian League in 478 BC • Military campaigns continue until 450 BC • Despite the end of the Persian threat, the Athenians sought stricter control over the league • The Delian League becomes an Athenian Empire The Peloponnesian War
      • Athens: The Age of Pericles
      • The leading statesman of the Athenian empire, and thus gave his name to the period
      • Rebuilding of Athens & the Acropolis
      • • Zenith of Athenian literature as represented by Sophocles and Euripides
      • Greece: Internal Challenges
      • With her defeat of the Persians, Athens became more and more dominating over the Delian League
      • Athens used Delian League money to rebuild Athens after Persian Wars
      • The resentment erupts into one of the longest and most dramatic events in Greek history, the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC)
      • Internal Challenges :
      • Outbreak of War
      • By 430 BC, the aggressiveness of Athens had alarmed the allies of Sparta
      • Athenian interference in a conflict between Corinth (Sparta’s naval ally) & Corcyra (Corinth’s most bitter enemy)
      • Athenian demands on Potidaea
      • Meeting of the Peloponnesian League and declaration of war
      • Peloponnesian War :
      • Opposing Sides
      • Sparta
      • – Head of the Peloponnesian League,
      • possessed no empire but had many allies
      • – Greatest army in Greece
      • Athens
      • – Relied upon its empire to provide grain for its people and tribute to pay for its navy
      • – Greatest navy in Greece
      • The Archidamian War (431-421 BC)
      • First ten years of the war named for Archidamus, one of the Spartan
      • kings at the beginning of the war
      • Spartan invasion of Attica
      • Athenian raids upon the coastal cities of the
      • Peloponnese
      • Plague attacks Athens
      • Death of Pericles
      • Peace of Nicias in 421 BC
    •  
      • The Breakdown of Peace & the Final Defeat of Athens
      • The Syracuse Expedition (415 BC)
      • – Alcibiades and his plans
      • – Failure of Expedition - Major defeat for Athens
      • Sparta asks Persia for help! Needed navy
      • Destruction of the Athenian fleet in the Dardanelles (405 BC)
      • Athens surrenders (404 BC)
      • The Defeat of Athens:
      • Results & Consequences
      • Surrender of her empire and the tearing down
      • of the “long walls”
      • Imposition of the Thirty Tyrants, but democracy is restored in 403 BC
      • Athens never regained her power although
      • democracy did survive
      • The lack of any great political leaders after
      • the death off Pericles had doomed Athens
      • Conclusion
        • Greeks had proven that they could unite
        • Allegiance remained to city-state
        • Concept of Greece was still elusive
        • Although Sparta won, they did not know what to do with their victory
        • Sparta relied too heavily on her allies for everything
        • Power vacuum left by the defeat of Athens and the lack of imperial will on the part of the Spartans
        • Vacuum would be filled by Philip of Macedon
        • Greeks powerless to do anything about it