0
Green Open Access
A first step to free up scientific knowledge
Daniel Graziotin, <graziotin@inf.unibz.it>
Free University ...
Scientific knowledge is not free
How it works, how it is hindered, green Open Access

The status of green Open Access
Case...
Publication and Knowledge

Expectation

10
Publication and Knowledge

Reality

11
Price for accessing an article
‣ Individuals
•

On average, $30 + VAT

12
Price for accessing an article?
‣ Individuals
•

On average, $30 + VAT

•

Can become ridiculous

= 30,00 € for 4 pages
= ...
Price for accessing an article?
‣ Institutions, Libraries
•

We do not know

•

Non-disclosure agreements

•

However, est...
Scientific knowledge gets
hindered by those who
should spread it.
15
Where does revenue go?

16
Where does revenue go?
All to the publisher
Few of them invest in research association
Authors
Institution
Publisher

100
...
Never-ending costs of research.
Once: realize research.
Forever: access research results.
Can we stop this, limiting the c...
Publication and Knowledge

Reality

19
Publication and Knowledge

Self-archiving - green Open Access

20
Self-archiving – green Open Access
‣ When researchers make publicly available copies of
preprints and postprints
•

On the...
(green) Open Access fosters innovation

Next two slides are taken from “Three arguments for open access”, Mike Taylor,
Dep...
“I soon learned that many of the
papers I was interested in reading
were hidden behind expensive
pay walls. I convinced my...
Scientific knowledge is not free
How it works, how it is hindered, green Open Access

The status of green Open Access
Case...
Status of green Open Access
The case of the Faculty of Computer Science,
Free University of Bozen-Bolzano.

33
The study
‣ Web questionnaire
Invited: 66

•
-

PhD Students

-

Researchers

-

Professors

•

Participated: 49

•

75% F...
Awareness of self-archiving
Do you know what the term "self-archiving"
means?

38
Awareness of self-archiving
Yes
No

37.5
62.5

% of
answers

39
Awareness of self-archiving artifacts
Can you clearly differentiate the terms "preprint",
"postprint", and "publisher PDF"...
Awareness of self-archiving artifacts
Yes
No

35.4
64.6

% of
answers

41
After previous question
Definitions of preprint, postprint, and publisher
PDF were given

42
Awareness of self-archiving allowance
Did you know that the major publishers in
Computer Science1 allow you to self-archiv...
Awareness of self-archiving allowance
Yes
No

45.5

54.5
% of
answers

44
Self-archiving frequency
With respect to your previous publications, how
often have you self-archived the preprint, the
po...
Self-archiving Frequency
‣ % of answers
Preprint

Postprint

100

Publisher PDF

100

100

72.7
63.6

61.3
50

50

50

20....
Self-archiving inhibitors
What prevents you to self-archive your scientific
articles?

49
Self-archiving inhibitors
‣ Lack of process support (51%)
Time consuming (23%)

•
-

Too busy

Laziness (18%)

•
-

Not wa...
Self-archiving inhibitors
‣ Misunderstanding / Misinformation (44%)
Afraid of breaking the rules (18%)

•
-

Violating pub...
Self-archiving inhibitors
‣ Misunderstanding / Misinformation (44%) (cont.)
•

Did not know before (8%)

•

Afraid of plag...
Scientific knowledge is not free
How it works, how it is hindered, green Open Access

The status of green Open Access
Case...
Our contribution

‣ Inference from case study and personal experience
•

Misunderstanding / Misinformation

•

Lack of pro...
Our contribution
‣ A Web tool, http://rchive.it
‣ Responsive (smartphone and tablet friendly)
‣ Open Source (BSD 3-Clause ...
Our contribution
1. Scientists input the name of a scientific venue
•

Journal name

•

Publisher name

•

ISSN number

2....
rchiveit

57
rchiveit
Three Views - Permissions

58
rchiveit
Fourth View - Conditions

59
rchiveit
+1 View – Further Information

60
Should we stop here?
‣ Absolutely not!

‣ Tools to automate self-archiving

‣ Collaboration with the Library
‣ Collaborati...
Should we stop here?
‣ Absolutely not!

‣ Open Data
‣ Publishing research outputs
‣ Making software citable
‣ Publishing n...
Should we stop here?
‣ Absolutely not!

‣ We need help.
‣ http://task3.cc , graziotin@inf.unibz.it

63
One survey response
We [..] are all well aware that [..] scientific publications are often
not considered [..] as the phys...
Thank you for your attention

65
Daniel Graziotin - Green open access
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Transcript of "Daniel Graziotin - Green open access"

  1. 1. Green Open Access A first step to free up scientific knowledge Daniel Graziotin, <graziotin@inf.unibz.it> Free University of Bozen-Bolzano 2013-11-15 1
  2. 2. Scientific knowledge is not free How it works, how it is hindered, green Open Access The status of green Open Access Case Study: Faculty of Computer Science, FUB Our Contributions Towards a free, Open Science 1 2 3 2
  3. 3. Publication and Knowledge Expectation 10
  4. 4. Publication and Knowledge Reality 11
  5. 5. Price for accessing an article ‣ Individuals • On average, $30 + VAT 12
  6. 6. Price for accessing an article? ‣ Individuals • On average, $30 + VAT • Can become ridiculous = 30,00 € for 4 pages = 7,50 € / page 13
  7. 7. Price for accessing an article? ‣ Institutions, Libraries • We do not know • Non-disclosure agreements • However, estimated revenue to the industry: $5333 per article1 [1] http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2012/12/19/taylor-cost-publish-gold-open-access/ 14
  8. 8. Scientific knowledge gets hindered by those who should spread it. 15
  9. 9. Where does revenue go? 16
  10. 10. Where does revenue go? All to the publisher Few of them invest in research association Authors Institution Publisher 100 0 17
  11. 11. Never-ending costs of research. Once: realize research. Forever: access research results. Can we stop this, limiting the costs? 18
  12. 12. Publication and Knowledge Reality 19
  13. 13. Publication and Knowledge Self-archiving - green Open Access 20
  14. 14. Self-archiving – green Open Access ‣ When researchers make publicly available copies of preprints and postprints • On their personal website (worst case) • On a university repository • On a (multi)disciplinary repository ‣ Legal • Granted in Copyright Transfer Agreements of most publishers 21
  15. 15. (green) Open Access fosters innovation Next two slides are taken from “Three arguments for open access”, Mike Taylor, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol 29
  16. 16. “I soon learned that many of the papers I was interested in reading were hidden behind expensive pay walls. I convinced my mom to use her credit card for a few [...] and I learned to try different ways of circumventing the pay walls.” — Jack Andraka.
  17. 17. Scientific knowledge is not free How it works, how it is hindered, green Open Access The status of green Open Access Case Study: Faculty of Computer Science, FUB Our Contributions Towards a free, Open Science 1 2 3 32
  18. 18. Status of green Open Access The case of the Faculty of Computer Science, Free University of Bozen-Bolzano. 33
  19. 19. The study ‣ Web questionnaire Invited: 66 • - PhD Students - Researchers - Professors • Participated: 49 • 75% Faculty 34
  20. 20. Awareness of self-archiving Do you know what the term "self-archiving" means? 38
  21. 21. Awareness of self-archiving Yes No 37.5 62.5 % of answers 39
  22. 22. Awareness of self-archiving artifacts Can you clearly differentiate the terms "preprint", "postprint", and "publisher PDF"? 40
  23. 23. Awareness of self-archiving artifacts Yes No 35.4 64.6 % of answers 41
  24. 24. After previous question Definitions of preprint, postprint, and publisher PDF were given 42
  25. 25. Awareness of self-archiving allowance Did you know that the major publishers in Computer Science1 allow you to self-archive at least the preprints of a research article? [1] ACM, IEEE, INFORMS, Elsevier, ME Sharpe, Palgrave Macmillan, Springer Verlag, John Wiley and Sons 43
  26. 26. Awareness of self-archiving allowance Yes No 45.5 54.5 % of answers 44
  27. 27. Self-archiving frequency With respect to your previous publications, how often have you self-archived the preprint, the postprint, and the publisher PDF? 45
  28. 28. Self-archiving Frequency ‣ % of answers Preprint Postprint 100 Publisher PDF 100 100 72.7 63.6 61.3 50 50 50 20.5 18.2 18.2 15.9 9.1 0 0 18.2 0 46
  29. 29. Self-archiving inhibitors What prevents you to self-archive your scientific articles? 49
  30. 30. Self-archiving inhibitors ‣ Lack of process support (51%) Time consuming (23%) • - Too busy Laziness (18%) • - Not wanting to just start Lack of tools (10%) • - Help needed in managing the process - Help needed in understanding the rules - Lack of automation 50
  31. 31. Self-archiving inhibitors ‣ Misunderstanding / Misinformation (44%) Afraid of breaking the rules (18%) • - Violating publisher rules - Violating someone’s copyright Why should I? (10%) • - Lack in understanding that access to articles is not universal - Lack in understanding that postprint is the final article - Carelessness 51
  32. 32. Self-archiving inhibitors ‣ Misunderstanding / Misinformation (44%) (cont.) • Did not know before (8%) • Afraid of plagiarism (8%) ‣ Other (5%) • Not proud of previous work • Want to hide my research 52
  33. 33. Scientific knowledge is not free How it works, how it is hindered, green Open Access The status of green Open Access Case Study: Faculty of Computer Science, FUB Our Contributions Towards a free, Open Science 1 2 3 53
  34. 34. Our contribution ‣ Inference from case study and personal experience • Misunderstanding / Misinformation • Lack of process support Reaction ‣ Advocating ‣ rchiveit 54
  35. 35. Our contribution ‣ A Web tool, http://rchive.it ‣ Responsive (smartphone and tablet friendly) ‣ Open Source (BSD 3-Clause License) ‣ Mission • Create awareness • Spread practice Of green Open Access ‣ Provide immediate, minimal info on author rights 55
  36. 36. Our contribution 1. Scientists input the name of a scientific venue • Journal name • Publisher name • ISSN number 2. The system fetches the info from SHERPA/RoMEO 3. The system displays the essential, relevant info • 4 + 1 View of green Open Access 4. Scientists learn, and react 56
  37. 37. rchiveit 57
  38. 38. rchiveit Three Views - Permissions 58
  39. 39. rchiveit Fourth View - Conditions 59
  40. 40. rchiveit +1 View – Further Information 60
  41. 41. Should we stop here? ‣ Absolutely not! ‣ Tools to automate self-archiving ‣ Collaboration with the Library ‣ Collaboration with politics ‣ Incentives for Open Access • Green, Gold, and Hybrid 61
  42. 42. Should we stop here? ‣ Absolutely not! ‣ Open Data ‣ Publishing research outputs ‣ Making software citable ‣ Publishing negative results 62
  43. 43. Should we stop here? ‣ Absolutely not! ‣ We need help. ‣ http://task3.cc , graziotin@inf.unibz.it 63
  44. 44. One survey response We [..] are all well aware that [..] scientific publications are often not considered [..] as the physical carriers of new scientific knowledge [..] but as goods that are placed on the market in order to be bought and sold. The more of these goods you are able to sell, the more you can count on funds for your lab/institution and research activity, as well as on new personal career possibility [..] 64
  45. 45. Thank you for your attention 65
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