Lecture 09 first intermediate period (b)

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Lecture 09 first intermediate period (b)

  1. 1. HISTORY 26 Lecture Nine: The End of the Old Kingdom and the First Intermediate Period
  2. 2. The Pyramids at Giza ( c . 2589 - 2503 BC)
  3. 3. Menkaura (Mycerinus, Horus Kakhet, 2532 - 2503 BC)
  4. 4. The Old Kingdom Dynasties 5 and 6 (2494 - 2181 BC) <ul><li>5th Dynasty (2494 - 2345) </li></ul><ul><li>Userkaf </li></ul><ul><li>Sahura </li></ul><ul><li>Neferirkara </li></ul><ul><li>Shepseskara </li></ul><ul><li>Raneferef </li></ul><ul><li>Nyuserra </li></ul><ul><li>Menkauhor </li></ul><ul><li>Djedkara </li></ul><ul><li>Unas </li></ul><ul><li>6th Dynasty (2345 - 2181) </li></ul><ul><li>Teti </li></ul><ul><li>Userkara (a usurper) </li></ul><ul><li>Pepy I (Meryra) </li></ul><ul><li>Merenra </li></ul><ul><li>Pepy II (Neferkara) </li></ul><ul><li>Nitiqret </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ancient Egypt
  6. 6. Abusir and North Saqqara
  7. 7. Nyuserra (Iny, Horus Setibtawy, 2445 - 2421 BC)
  8. 8. Unas (Horus Wadj-tawy, 2375 - 2345 BC)
  9. 9. Unas (Horus Wadj-tawy, 2375 - 2345 BC) <ul><li>Pyramid Texts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spells for the afterlife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Osiris Unas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Osiris, God of the Dead </li></ul><ul><li>Set </li></ul><ul><li>Isis and Nephthys </li></ul>
  10. 10. Old Kingdom Administration <ul><li>Developed out of the organization of the royal house </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tjaty , ‘vizier’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ King’s son’ and ‘Royal sandal-bearer’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hints of complexity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ State granary official’, ‘State treasurer’, and ‘Overseer of the great courts’ </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Nomes and Nomarchs (Greek, nomos ; Egyptian, sepat )
  12. 12. The Old Kingdom Dynasties 6 - 8 (2345 - 2160 BC) <ul><li>6th Dynasty (2345 - 2181) </li></ul><ul><li>Teti </li></ul><ul><li>Userkara (a usurper) </li></ul><ul><li>Pepy I (Meryra) </li></ul><ul><li>Merenra </li></ul><ul><li>Pepy II (Neferkara) </li></ul><ul><li>Nitiqret </li></ul><ul><li>7th and 8th Dynasties (2181 - 2160) </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous kings called Neferkara, presumably in imitation of Pepy II </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Decline of the Old Kingdom <ul><li>The plot against Pepy I </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage politics in the royal court </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ankhnes-meryra (‘King Meryra [Pepy I] lives for her’) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Khui of Abydos </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The boy-kings, Merenra and Pepy II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth in the power and influence of local administrators </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The First Intermediate Period Dynasties 9 and 10 (2160 - 2055 BC) <ul><li>9th and 10th Dynasties: Herakleopolitan (2160 - 2025) </li></ul><ul><li>Khety (Meryibra) </li></ul><ul><li>Khety (Nebkaura) </li></ul><ul><li>Khety (Wahkara) </li></ul><ul><li>Merykara </li></ul><ul><li>11th Dynasty: Thebes only (2125 - 2055) </li></ul><ul><li>[Mentuhotep I] </li></ul><ul><li>Intef I (Sehertawy) </li></ul><ul><li>Intef II (Wahankh) </li></ul><ul><li>Intef III (Nakhtnebtepnefer) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Ancient Egypt

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