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Lecture 11 old babylonian period (b)


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Lecture 11 old babylonian period (b)

  1. 1. The Midterm <ul><li>One essay (out of two); 50 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Bring a blue book, writing utensil, and your text books. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is a test of your critical thinking skills, not your ability to memorize minutiae. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Themes: The role of the environment in state formation, the development of social hierarchy, and the process of centralization. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hint: Try to organize your information into periods (rather than by dates), and look at the differences between these periods, as well as between geographical locations. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. HISTORY 26 Lecture Eleven: The Old Babylonian Period ( c . 1800 - 1600 BC)
  3. 3. Third Dynasty of Ur, or Ur III (2112 - 2004 BC)
  4. 4. Babylonia (2004 - 1792 BC) Ibbi-Sin Ishbi-Erra of Isin Expulsion of Elam
  5. 5. Babylonia (2004 - 1792 BC) Isin and Larsa Babylon Eshnunna Elam
  6. 6. Babylonia (2004 - 1792 BC) <ul><li>Centralizing Tendencies </li></ul><ul><li>Nippur (Enlil) remained the religious capital; possession conferred the title ‘King of Sumer and Akkad’ </li></ul><ul><li>The high priestess of Ur, wife to Nanna </li></ul><ul><li>A shared belief in a single kingship for all of southern Mesopotamia </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Rise of Babylon (1792 - 1761 BC) <ul><li>Hammurabi’s main rivals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rim-Sin of Larsa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shamshi-Adad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eshnunna </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elam </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ The king who made the four quarters of the earth obedient” </li></ul><ul><li>Marduk is integrated into the Sumerian pantheon at Nippur, as the son of Ea (Eridu) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hammurabi’s Babylon
  9. 9. Hammurabi and His Law Code <ul><li>King as shepherd and farmer </li></ul><ul><li>A source of legal authority and an upholder of justice </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Scribal Tradition <ul><li>A number of clay tablets have survived from this period that are school exercises of young men studying to be scribes </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematics, surveying, music, and literature (myths, hymns, and proverbs) </li></ul><ul><li>Sumerian and Akkadian </li></ul><ul><li>The royal court was an important patron of scribes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many compositions glorify the king and his distant ancestors, portraying them in superhuman and semi-divine terms </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Old Hittite Kingdom ( c . 1650 - 1500 BC) <ul><li>Samsuiluna and the rebellion of southern Babylonia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern Babylonia continued to flourish for the next 155 years </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hattusili establishes the Old Hittite Kingdom, with its capital at Hattusa </li></ul><ul><li>Mursili sacks both Aleppo (Yamkhad) and Babylon, but is assassinated </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Old Hittite Kingdom ( c . 1650 - 1500 BC)