HISTORY 26 Lecture Twenty-Three: The Saite Dynasty (664 - 525 BC)
Kushite Rule of Egypt Dynasty 25 (747 - 664 BC) <ul><li>Capital: Memphis </li></ul><ul><li>[Kashta] </li></ul><ul><li>Piy ...
The Pyramid Tombs at Nuri
Taharqo Khunefertemra (690 - 664 BC) <ul><li>Ptah: Patron deity of Memphis and creator of the universe </li></ul><ul><li>A...
Taharqo Khunefertemra (690 - 664 BC)
Mentuemhat, Governor of Thebes (25th/26th Dynasties)
Kush and Assyria (701 - 664 BC) <ul><li>701: Hezekiah of Judah and Sennecherib of Assyria </li></ul><ul><li>671: Invasion ...
Kush and Assyria (701 - 664 BC) <ul><li>701: Hezekiah of Judah and Sennecherib of Assyria </li></ul><ul><li>671: Invasion ...
Psamtek I Wahibra (664 - 610 BC) <ul><li>26th Dynasty: (664 - 525) </li></ul><ul><li>[Nekau I of Sais] </li></ul><ul><li>P...
The Kingdom of Lydia Psamtek I and Gyges
The Phoenicians and the Greeks
Psamtek I Wahibra (664 - 610 BC) <ul><li>The Priesthood of Amun-Ra at Thebes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nitiqret, heiress to th...
The Saite Economy <ul><li>Agricultural prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>Trading stations in Egypt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Naukra...
Sais and the Temple of Neith
Foreign Affairs <ul><li>The Fall of Assyria (610 BC) and the Rise of the Neo-Babylonian Empire under the Chaldaeans </li><...
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Lecture 23 saite dynasty (b)

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Lecture 23 saite dynasty (b)

  1. 1. HISTORY 26 Lecture Twenty-Three: The Saite Dynasty (664 - 525 BC)
  2. 2. Kushite Rule of Egypt Dynasty 25 (747 - 664 BC) <ul><li>Capital: Memphis </li></ul><ul><li>[Kashta] </li></ul><ul><li>Piy Menkheperra </li></ul><ul><li>Shabaqo Neferkara </li></ul><ul><li>Shabitqo Djedkaura </li></ul><ul><li>Taharqo Khunefertemra </li></ul><ul><li>Tanutamani Bakara </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Pyramid Tombs at Nuri
  4. 4. Taharqo Khunefertemra (690 - 664 BC) <ul><li>Ptah: Patron deity of Memphis and creator of the universe </li></ul><ul><li>Amun: Patron deity of Thebes and creator of the universe </li></ul>
  5. 5. Taharqo Khunefertemra (690 - 664 BC)
  6. 6. Mentuemhat, Governor of Thebes (25th/26th Dynasties)
  7. 7. Kush and Assyria (701 - 664 BC) <ul><li>701: Hezekiah of Judah and Sennecherib of Assyria </li></ul><ul><li>671: Invasion of Egypt by Esarhaddon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taharqo flees and the rulers of the Nile Delta become Assyrian vassals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>667: Assurbanipal defeats Taharqo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanutamani returns in 664, but is also defeated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sack of Thebes </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Kush and Assyria (701 - 664 BC) <ul><li>701: Hezekiah of Judah and Sennecherib of Assyria </li></ul><ul><li>671: Invasion of Egypt by Esarhaddon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taharqo flees and the rulers of the Nile Delta become Assyrian vassals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>667: Assurbanipal defeats Taharqo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanutamani returns in 664, but is also defeated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sack of Thebes </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Psamtek I Wahibra (664 - 610 BC) <ul><li>26th Dynasty: (664 - 525) </li></ul><ul><li>[Nekau I of Sais] </li></ul><ul><li>Psamtek I Wahibra </li></ul><ul><li>Nekau II Wehemibra </li></ul><ul><li>Psamtek II Neferibra </li></ul><ul><li>Apries Haaibra </li></ul><ul><li>Ahmose II [Amasis] Khnemibra </li></ul><ul><li>Psamtek III Ankhkaenra </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Kingdom of Lydia Psamtek I and Gyges
  11. 11. The Phoenicians and the Greeks
  12. 12. Psamtek I Wahibra (664 - 610 BC) <ul><li>The Priesthood of Amun-Ra at Thebes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nitiqret, heiress to the ‘god’s wife of Amun’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Foreign mercenaries (Greeks and Carians) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection from external attack: Assyria, Babylonia, and Persia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A counterbalance to the machimoi , native Egyptian warriors of Libyan descent </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Saite Economy <ul><li>Agricultural prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>Trading stations in Egypt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Naukratis, founded by Greeks from Miletus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Nile-Red Sea canal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nekau II (610 - 595 BC) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Sais and the Temple of Neith
  15. 15. Foreign Affairs <ul><li>The Fall of Assyria (610 BC) and the Rise of the Neo-Babylonian Empire under the Chaldaeans </li></ul><ul><li>The Persian Empire of Cyrus the Great </li></ul><ul><li>The Grand Alliance: Egypt, Babylonia, Lydia, and the Greek city-states of Sparta and Cyrene </li></ul><ul><ul><li>546: The Fall of Lydia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>538: The Fall of Babylonia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>525: The Fall of Egypt; Psamtek III is defeated and captured at the Battle of Pelusium </li></ul></ul>

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