HISTORY 26 Lecture Twenty-Two: The Third Intermediate Period ( c . 1069 - 664 BC)
The Later New Kingdom Dynasties 19 and 20 (1295 - 1069 BC) <ul><li>19th Dynasty: (1295 - 1186) </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses I...
Rameses XI Menmaatra Setepenptah (1099 - 1069 BC) <ul><li>Thebes plagued by Libyan gangs, famine, and tomb robberies </li>...
The Siege of Medinet Habu
Rameses XI Menmaatra Setepenptah (1099 - 1069 BC) <ul><li>Panehsy, Viceroy of Nubia </li></ul><ul><li>Amenhotep, High Prie...
Egypt and the Outside World <ul><li>Libyans (Libu and Meshwesh), a Nubian, an Asiatic, and an Egyptian </li></ul>
The Third Intermediate Period Dynasties 21 - 25 (1069 - 664 BC) <ul><li>21st Dynasty: (1069 - 945) </li></ul><ul><li>Smend...
The Libyan Period Dynasties 21 - 24 (1069 - 715 BC) <ul><li>The Libyans: Non-literate, semi-nomadic pastoralists </li></ul...
Kushite Rule of Egypt Dynasty 25 (747 - 664 BC) <ul><li>Capital: Memphis </li></ul><ul><li>[Kashta] </li></ul><ul><li>Piy ...
The Pyramid Tombs at Nuri
Taharqo Khunefertemra (690 - 664 BC) <ul><li>Ptah: Patron deity of Memphis and creator of the universe </li></ul><ul><li>A...
Taharqo Khunefertemra (690 - 664 BC)
Mentuemhat, Governor of Thebes (25th/26th Dynasties)
Kush and Assyria (701 - 664 BC) <ul><li>701: Hezekiah of Judah and Sennecherib of Assyria </li></ul><ul><li>671: Invasion ...
Kush and Assyria (701 - 664 BC) <ul><li>701: Hezekiah of Judah and Sennecherib of Assyria </li></ul><ul><li>671: Invasion ...
Psamtek I Wahibra (664 - 610 BC) <ul><li>26th Dynasty: (664 - 525) </li></ul><ul><li>[Nekau I of Sais] </li></ul><ul><li>P...
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Lecture 22 third intermediate period (b)

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Lecture 22 third intermediate period (b)

  1. 1. HISTORY 26 Lecture Twenty-Two: The Third Intermediate Period ( c . 1069 - 664 BC)
  2. 2. The Later New Kingdom Dynasties 19 and 20 (1295 - 1069 BC) <ul><li>19th Dynasty: (1295 - 1186) </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses I </li></ul><ul><li>Sety I </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses II </li></ul><ul><li>Merenptah </li></ul><ul><li>Amenmessu </li></ul><ul><li>Sety II </li></ul><ul><li>Saptah </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Tausret </li></ul><ul><li>20th Dynasty: (1186 - 1069) </li></ul><ul><li>Sethnacht </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses III </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses IV </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses V </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses VI </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses VII </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses VIII </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses IX </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses X </li></ul><ul><li>Rameses XI </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rameses XI Menmaatra Setepenptah (1099 - 1069 BC) <ul><li>Thebes plagued by Libyan gangs, famine, and tomb robberies </li></ul><ul><li>Panehsy, Viceroy of Nubia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overseer of the Granaries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amenhotep, High Priest of Amun </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Siege of Medinet Habu
  5. 5. Rameses XI Menmaatra Setepenptah (1099 - 1069 BC) <ul><li>Panehsy, Viceroy of Nubia </li></ul><ul><li>Amenhotep, High Priest of Amun </li></ul><ul><li>General Piankh </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Viceroy of Nubia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vizier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Priest of Amun </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Herihor and Smendes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thebes (Upper Egypt) and Tanis (Lower Egypt) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Egypt and the Outside World <ul><li>Libyans (Libu and Meshwesh), a Nubian, an Asiatic, and an Egyptian </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Third Intermediate Period Dynasties 21 - 25 (1069 - 664 BC) <ul><li>21st Dynasty: (1069 - 945) </li></ul><ul><li>Smendes </li></ul><ul><li>Amenemnisu </li></ul><ul><li>Psusennes I </li></ul><ul><li>Amenemope </li></ul><ul><li>Osorkon the Elder </li></ul><ul><li>Siamun </li></ul><ul><li>Psusennes II </li></ul><ul><li>22nd Dynasty: (945 - 715) </li></ul><ul><li>Sheshonq I </li></ul><ul><li>Osorkon I </li></ul><ul><li>Sheshonq II </li></ul><ul><li>Takelot I </li></ul><ul><li>Osorkon II </li></ul><ul><li>Takelot II </li></ul><ul><li>Sheshonq III </li></ul><ul><li>Pimay </li></ul><ul><li>Sheshonq V </li></ul><ul><li>Osorkon IV </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Libyan Period Dynasties 21 - 24 (1069 - 715 BC) <ul><li>The Libyans: Non-literate, semi-nomadic pastoralists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Egyptians: Literate and sedentary; formal institutions and monumental construction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The granting of authority to kinsmen and provincial rulers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promoted decentralization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The north-south divide was, at least in part, an ethnic divide </li></ul>
  9. 9. Kushite Rule of Egypt Dynasty 25 (747 - 664 BC) <ul><li>Capital: Memphis </li></ul><ul><li>[Kashta] </li></ul><ul><li>Piy Menkheperra </li></ul><ul><li>Shabaqo Neferkara </li></ul><ul><li>Shabitqo Djedkaura </li></ul><ul><li>Taharqo Khunefertemra </li></ul><ul><li>Tanutamani Bakara </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Pyramid Tombs at Nuri
  11. 11. Taharqo Khunefertemra (690 - 664 BC) <ul><li>Ptah: Patron deity of Memphis and creator of the universe </li></ul><ul><li>Amun: Patron deity of Thebes and creator of the universe </li></ul>
  12. 12. Taharqo Khunefertemra (690 - 664 BC)
  13. 13. Mentuemhat, Governor of Thebes (25th/26th Dynasties)
  14. 14. Kush and Assyria (701 - 664 BC) <ul><li>701: Hezekiah of Judah and Sennecherib of Assyria </li></ul><ul><li>671: Invasion of Egypt by Esarhaddon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taharqo flees and the rulers of the Nile Delta become Assyrian vassals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>667: Assurbanipal defeats Taharqo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanutamani returns in 664, but is also defeated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sack of Thebes </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Kush and Assyria (701 - 664 BC) <ul><li>701: Hezekiah of Judah and Sennecherib of Assyria </li></ul><ul><li>671: Invasion of Egypt by Esarhaddon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taharqo flees and the rulers of the Nile Delta become Assyrian vassals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>667: Assurbanipal defeats Taharqo </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanutamani returns in 664, but is also defeated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The sack of Thebes </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Psamtek I Wahibra (664 - 610 BC) <ul><li>26th Dynasty: (664 - 525) </li></ul><ul><li>[Nekau I of Sais] </li></ul><ul><li>Psamtek I Wahibra </li></ul><ul><li>Nekau II Wehemibra </li></ul><ul><li>Psamtek II Neferibra </li></ul><ul><li>Apries Haaibra </li></ul><ul><li>Ahmose II [Amasis] Khnemibra </li></ul><ul><li>Psamtek III Ankhkaenra </li></ul>

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