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HISTORY 26 Lecture Three: Predynastic Egypt
Geography and Environment “… and the land is a gift of the river.” -Herodotus,  Histories  2.5
The Nile Valley
Upper and Lower Egypt ta mehu ta shemau
The Sources of the Nile
The Egyptian Year <ul><li>Akhet (Inundation) </li></ul><ul><li>Peret (Cultivation) </li></ul><ul><li>Shemu (Harvest) </li>...
The Oases of the Western Desert
Beyond the Nile <ul><li>Oases of the Western Desert </li></ul><ul><li>Sinai Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Ports on the Red S...
Neolithic Wet Phase c . 10000 - 5000 BC
Badarian Culture ( c . 5000 - 4000) <ul><li>Black-topped  pottery   Female Figurine ( c . 4000) </li></ul>
Naqada I (Amratian) c . 4000 - 3500 <ul><li>Palettes   Macehead </li></ul>
Naqada I (Amratian) c . 4000 - 3500 <ul><li>The “Moscow Bowl” </li></ul>
Naqada II (Gerzean) c . 3500 - 3200 <ul><li>Naqada II Objects   Naqada II Pottery </li></ul>
Lower Egypt <ul><li>Farmers, Herders, and Hunter-Gatherers </li></ul><ul><li>Few signs of social stratification </li></ul>...
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Lecture 03 predynastic egypt (b)

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Lecture 03 predynastic egypt (b)

  1. 1. HISTORY 26 Lecture Three: Predynastic Egypt
  2. 2. Geography and Environment “… and the land is a gift of the river.” -Herodotus, Histories 2.5
  3. 3. The Nile Valley
  4. 4. Upper and Lower Egypt ta mehu ta shemau
  5. 5. The Sources of the Nile
  6. 6. The Egyptian Year <ul><li>Akhet (Inundation) </li></ul><ul><li>Peret (Cultivation) </li></ul><ul><li>Shemu (Harvest) </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Oases of the Western Desert
  8. 8. Beyond the Nile <ul><li>Oases of the Western Desert </li></ul><ul><li>Sinai Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Ports on the Red Sea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Punt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lower Nubia (Wawat) </li></ul><ul><li>Upper Nubia (Kush) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Neolithic Wet Phase c . 10000 - 5000 BC
  10. 10. Badarian Culture ( c . 5000 - 4000) <ul><li>Black-topped pottery Female Figurine ( c . 4000) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Naqada I (Amratian) c . 4000 - 3500 <ul><li>Palettes Macehead </li></ul>
  12. 12. Naqada I (Amratian) c . 4000 - 3500 <ul><li>The “Moscow Bowl” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Naqada II (Gerzean) c . 3500 - 3200 <ul><li>Naqada II Objects Naqada II Pottery </li></ul>
  14. 14. Lower Egypt <ul><li>Farmers, Herders, and Hunter-Gatherers </li></ul><ul><li>Few signs of social stratification </li></ul><ul><li>The Maadian Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact with the Sinai and Palestine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A slow process of cultural assimilation to Naqada II (Gerzean) </li></ul>

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