Climate Smart Disaster Risk Management Approach An OverviewPresented at the Christian Aid – Regional Consultation on Resilience – South Asia 06-08 Feb 2013, Kathmandu, Nepal
Why a Climate Smart Disaster Risk Managementapproach?• The type, frequency and intensity of extreme events are expected to change as Earth’s climate changes (IPCC 2007)• This is delivering a catalogue of disaster shocks and livelihoods stresses to the poorest and most vulnerable countries and communities.• Development efforts at all scales must become resilient to climate change and disasters in ways that appreciate increasing uncertainty.
Characteristics of a Climate Smart Approach• To respond, disaster risk managers must: Triangulate local experiences of changing disaster risks with the evidence of the climatological and meteorological community Tackle people’s exposure to disasters. Help to create adaptive capacity among people, communities and organisations that helps them deal with surprises and new risks Tackle the underlying drivers of vulnerability and poverty unless disaster risk will continue to increase, recognising the role of climate change in exacerbating these. Ensure that disaster risk management interventions are environmentally sustainable and do not unnecessarily emit greenhouse gases
Overview of the Development of the Approach• Development of the approach through national and regional consultations in 11 at risk countries in South East Asia, South Asia and East Africa and 3 cases studies.• Expert Review in February – mix of practitioners, academics and decision makers – sought to simplify the approach in order to operationalise it.• Together we identified 3 key pillars:I. Tackle Changing Disaster Risk and UncertaintiesII. Enhance Adaptive CapacityIII. Address Poverty, Vulnerability and their Structural Causes
Pillar I: Tackle Changing Disaster Risk andUncertainties• Supports priority areas of HFA highlighting importance of collaboration between multiple actors• Focuses on improved information on risk – detailed risk assessment, based on multiple source of knowledge• Increased access to information by all stakeholders- education, EWS, Information dissemination• Integrating climate change as key consideration.
Pillar I: Tackle 1a: Strengthen collaboration and integration between diverse stakeholders working onChanging disasters, climate and developmentDisaster Risk 1b: Periodically assess the effects of climateand change on current and future disaster risksUncertainties and uncertainties 1c: Integrate knowledge of changing risks and uncertainties into planning, policy and programme design to reduce the vulnerability and exposure of people’s lives and livelihoods 1d: Increase access of all stakeholders to information and support services concerning changing disaster risks, uncertainties and broader climate impacts
Pillar II: Enhance Adaptive Capacity• Adaptive capacity within this approach can be understood as our ability to manage and create sustainable change.• Promoting adaptive capacity for social systems means that institutions and networks learn and use knowledge and experience, integrate uncertainty, accept non- equilibrium, create flexibility in problem solving and balance power among interest groups.• From our literature (Bahadur et al, 2010) review we have identified 10 Characteristics of resilience which promote adaptive capacity.
Pillar II: Enhance 2a: Strengthen the ability of people, Adaptive Capacity organisations and networks to experiment and innovate Cont 2b: Promote regular learning and reflection High Levels of Diversity to improve the implementation of policies and Flexible and Effective Institutions practices Cross Scalar Perspective Integrating Uncertainty 2c: Ensure policies and practices to tackle Ensuring Community Involvement changing disaster risk are flexible, Promoting Equity integrated across sectors and scale and Accepting Non- Equilibrium have regular feedback loops Promoting Learning Preparedness, Planning & 2d: Use tools and methods to plan for Readiness uncertainty and unexpected events Social Values and Structures
Pillar III: Address Poverty, Vulnerability andtheir Structural Causes• Focused on MDGs which highlight agreed goals for poverty reduction, builds on Pressure and Release model by Wisner ( Root causes underscore the importance of access to power , structure and resources). A lack of skill and institutions (organizations) coupled with macro process increases vulnerable.• Sought to include key drivers of poverty: social, political, economic & climatic processes.• Low greenhouse gases & Sustainability. McGray et al. 2007
3a: Promote more socially just and equitable economic systemsPillar III: AddressPoverty, 3b: Forge partnerships to ensure theVulnerability rights and entitlements of people to access basic services, productiveand their assets and common propertyStructural resourcesCauses 3c: Empower communities and local authorities to influence the decisions of national governments, NGOs, international and private sector organisations and to promote accountability and transparency 3d: Promote environmentally sensitive and climate smart development
Thank You from the SCR team!Strengthening Climate Resilience (SCR) website: www.csdrm.org