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The Climate Smart Disaster Risk
Management Approach
Strengthening Climate Resilience
The questions in the approach are suggestions only and
there may well be others



 1.    Tackle changing disaster
       risks and uncertainties                  2.    Enhance adaptive capacity
                                                                                                3.    Address poverty & vulnerability
                                                                                                      and their structural causes

 1a                                             2a                                              3a
 Strengthen collaboration and integration       Strengthen the ability of people,               Promote more socially just and equitable
 between diverse stakeholders working on        organisations and networks to                   economic systems
 disasters, climate and development             experiment and innovate
                                                                                                How are interventions challenging
 To what extent are climate change              How are the institutions, organisations         injustice and exclusion and providing
 adaptation, disaster risk management and       and communities involved in tackling            equitable access to sustainable livelihood
 development integrated across sectors and      changing disaster risks and uncertainties       opportunities? Have climate change
 scales? How are organisations working on       creating and strengthening opportunities        impacts been considered and integrated
 disasters, climate change and development      to innovate and experiment?                     into these interventions?
 collaborating?


 1b                                             2b                                              3b
 Periodically assess the effects of climate     Promote regular learning and reflection         Forge partnerships to ensure the rights
 change on current and future disaster          to improve the implementation of policies       and entitlements of people to access
 risks and uncertainties                        and practices                                   basic services, productive assets and
                                                                                                common property resources
 How is knowledge from meteorology,             Have disaster risk management policies
 climatology, social science, and               and practices been changed as a result of       What networks and alliance are in place to
 communities about hazards,                     reflection and learning-by-doing? Is there a    advocate for the rights and entitlements
 vulnerabilities and uncertainties being        process in place for information and learning   of people to access basic services,
 collected, integrated and used at              to flow from communities to organisations       productive assets and common property
 different scales?                              and vice versa?                                 resources?


 1c                                             2c                                              3c
 Integrate knowledge of changing risks          Ensure policies and practices to tackle         Empower communities and local
 and uncertainties into planning, policy        changing disaster risk are flexible,            authorities to influence the decisions
 and programme design to reduce the             integrated across sectors and scale and         of national governments, NGOs,
 vulnerability and exposure of people’s lives   have regular feedback loops                     international and private sector
 and livelihoods                                                                                organisations and to promote
                                                What are the links between people
                                                                                                accountability and transparency
 How is knowledge about changing                and organisations working to reduce
 disaster risks being incorporated into and     changing disaster risks and uncertainties       To what extent are decision-making
 acted upon within interventions? How           at community, sub-national, national            structures de-centralised, participatory and
 are measures to tackle uncertainty being       and international levels? How flexible,         inclusive? How do communities, including
 considered in these processes? How are         accountable and transparent are these           women, children and other marginalised
 these processes strengthening partnerships     people and organisations?                       groups, influence decisions? How do they
 between communities, governments and                                                           hold government and other organisations
 other stakeholders?                                                                            to account?


 1d                                             2d                                              3d
 Increase access of all stakeholders            Use tools and methods to plan for               Promote environmentally sensitive
 to information and support services            uncertainty and unexpected events               and climate smart development
 concerning changing disaster
                                                What processes are in place to support          How are environmental impact
 risks, uncertainties and broader
                                                governments, communities and other              assessments including climate change?
 climate impacts
                                                stakeholders to effectively manage              How are development interventions,
 How are varied educational approaches,         the uncertainties related to climate            including ecosystem-based approaches,
 early warning systems, media and               change? How are findings from scenario          protecting and restoring the environment
 community-led public awareness                 planning exercises and climate-sensitive        and addressing poverty and vulnerability?
 programmes supporting increased access         vulnerability assessments being                 To what extent are the mitigation of
 to information and related support             integrated into existing strategies?            greenhouse gases and low emissions
 services?                                                                                      strategies being integrated within
                                                                                                development plans?

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20-07-10 version of CSDRM approach

  • 1. The Climate Smart Disaster Risk Management Approach Strengthening Climate Resilience The questions in the approach are suggestions only and there may well be others 1. Tackle changing disaster risks and uncertainties 2. Enhance adaptive capacity 3. Address poverty & vulnerability and their structural causes 1a 2a 3a Strengthen collaboration and integration Strengthen the ability of people, Promote more socially just and equitable between diverse stakeholders working on organisations and networks to economic systems disasters, climate and development experiment and innovate How are interventions challenging To what extent are climate change How are the institutions, organisations injustice and exclusion and providing adaptation, disaster risk management and and communities involved in tackling equitable access to sustainable livelihood development integrated across sectors and changing disaster risks and uncertainties opportunities? Have climate change scales? How are organisations working on creating and strengthening opportunities impacts been considered and integrated disasters, climate change and development to innovate and experiment? into these interventions? collaborating? 1b 2b 3b Periodically assess the effects of climate Promote regular learning and reflection Forge partnerships to ensure the rights change on current and future disaster to improve the implementation of policies and entitlements of people to access risks and uncertainties and practices basic services, productive assets and common property resources How is knowledge from meteorology, Have disaster risk management policies climatology, social science, and and practices been changed as a result of What networks and alliance are in place to communities about hazards, reflection and learning-by-doing? Is there a advocate for the rights and entitlements vulnerabilities and uncertainties being process in place for information and learning of people to access basic services, collected, integrated and used at to flow from communities to organisations productive assets and common property different scales? and vice versa? resources? 1c 2c 3c Integrate knowledge of changing risks Ensure policies and practices to tackle Empower communities and local and uncertainties into planning, policy changing disaster risk are flexible, authorities to influence the decisions and programme design to reduce the integrated across sectors and scale and of national governments, NGOs, vulnerability and exposure of people’s lives have regular feedback loops international and private sector and livelihoods organisations and to promote What are the links between people accountability and transparency How is knowledge about changing and organisations working to reduce disaster risks being incorporated into and changing disaster risks and uncertainties To what extent are decision-making acted upon within interventions? How at community, sub-national, national structures de-centralised, participatory and are measures to tackle uncertainty being and international levels? How flexible, inclusive? How do communities, including considered in these processes? How are accountable and transparent are these women, children and other marginalised these processes strengthening partnerships people and organisations? groups, influence decisions? How do they between communities, governments and hold government and other organisations other stakeholders? to account? 1d 2d 3d Increase access of all stakeholders Use tools and methods to plan for Promote environmentally sensitive to information and support services uncertainty and unexpected events and climate smart development concerning changing disaster What processes are in place to support How are environmental impact risks, uncertainties and broader governments, communities and other assessments including climate change? climate impacts stakeholders to effectively manage How are development interventions, How are varied educational approaches, the uncertainties related to climate including ecosystem-based approaches, early warning systems, media and change? How are findings from scenario protecting and restoring the environment community-led public awareness planning exercises and climate-sensitive and addressing poverty and vulnerability? programmes supporting increased access vulnerability assessments being To what extent are the mitigation of to information and related support integrated into existing strategies? greenhouse gases and low emissions services? strategies being integrated within development plans?