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Disaster management through community participation

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Disaster management through community participation

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What is Community Participation
Community participation, generally, refers to the involvement of people in any project to solve their own problems or to develop their socio-economic conditions. They participate in setting goals, and preparing, implementing and evaluating plans and programs.

Basically, it is a dynamic group process in which all members of a group contribute, share or are influenced by the interchange of ideas and activities toward problem-solving or decision-making .

What is Community Participation
Community participation, generally, refers to the involvement of people in any project to solve their own problems or to develop their socio-economic conditions. They participate in setting goals, and preparing, implementing and evaluating plans and programs.

Basically, it is a dynamic group process in which all members of a group contribute, share or are influenced by the interchange of ideas and activities toward problem-solving or decision-making .

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Disaster management through community participation

  1. 1. Community participation, generally, refers to the involvement of people in any project to solve their own problems or to develop their socio- economic conditions. They participate in setting goals, and preparing, implementing and evaluating plans and programs. Basically, it is a dynamic group process in which all members of a group contribute, share or are influenced by the interchange of ideas and activities toward problem-solving or decision- making .
  2. 2.  Enhancing professional skills and knowledge of key personnel and strengthening capacities for risk assessment  Addressing the issues of vulnerable groups i.e. the issues of women, children, disabled  Community-based programming for preparedness, mitigation and risk reduction  Developing partnership approach to disaster management involving all stakeholders – the government, local communities, NGOs, media, private sector, academia, and donor communities.
  3. 3.  Community participation motivates people to work together – people feel a sense of ◦ community and recognize the benefits of their involvement.  Social, religious or traditional obligations for mutual help  Genuine community participation – people see a genuine opportunity to better their own lives and for the community as a whole  Remuneration in cash or kind
  4. 4.  Needs assessment  Planning  Mobilizing  Training  Implementing  Monitoring and evaluation.
  5. 5.  Focus group discussion  Awareness and conscious buildup  Collect information and distribution  Mapping the vulnerable zone  Risk assessment  Early warning by using indigenous knowledge
  6. 6.  First aid and medi care  Emergency response during disaster  Rehabilitee the affected people
  7. 7.  Relief  Recovery  Reconstruction  Restoration
  8. 8.  A community based disaster reduction effort is most successful when they involve the direct participation of the people most likely to be exposed to hazards – in the planning, decision-making, and operational activities at all levels of responsibility. Local leaders, drawn from political, social and economic sectors of society need to assume a primary responsibility for the protection of their own community.
  9. 9.  Such an approach needs to develop activities that can strengthen communities’ capacities to identify and cope with hazards, and more broadly to improve residents’ livelihoods
  10. 10.  Ensuring the local people are kept informed  Dissemination of widely the success stories among the local people about reducing risks at households.  Build capacity of local institution, volunteers, and the community to adopt disaster resistant housing and agriculture.  Training the students youth local club members and volunteers on community based water purification techniques.  Identifying open space to establish field hospitals and medical operations for mass causalities management.
  11. 11. •Engaging trained institutions, volunteers and people in the field for speedy dissemination of warnings. •Emergency Escape routes •Location of emergency medical services •Emergency contacts list •Parking points for ambulances and fire service routes •Preparing the rescue team for rescue operation
  12. 12.  Community members are the main actors and propellers; they also directly share in the benefits of disaster risk reduction and development.  By participating the community people in many preparedness activities, they can increase their capacity level which will help them to minimize the disaster risk.  By using indigenous knowledge , they can forecast a disaster and get prepared for that.  As community people know it’s environment better , they can make better plan to mitigate the probability of disaster.  When community is involved in disaster management planning process, community accept it as their own responsibility.  As community is a first responder before the external help reach to the victims, they have to ready for that by participating properly
  13. 13.  the complexity of individual motivations  participation requires effort and time  restricted women participation and cultural boundaries.  local power relation within the community  local knowledge influenced by local power relations.  creating development fatigue among stakeholders.

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