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Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience 
Sept 2nd, 2014
‘Climate change affects us all, but it does 
not affect us all equally. 
The poorest and most vulnerable – those 
who have...
Community Based Adaptation Framework 
Climate Change knowledge 
COMMUNITY-BASED 
ADAPTATION 
WWW.CARECLIMATECHANGE.ORG 
Lo...
Differential vulnerability: The role of social incl. 
gender dimensions 
• Vulnerability to climate change: exposure, sens...
Underlying causes of vulnerability 
• Asset base: ability to be proactive and innovate / take risks requires 
minimum asse...
What can be done? 
• Understand who is vulnerable to climate 
change and how they feel its impacts 
• Recognise vulnerable...
Some Points of Reflection 
1. How do we really include the most vulnerable? 
2. Is there more to addressing vulnerability ...
ALP, CARE & climate change: For more info 
alp@careclimatechange.org 
www.careclimatechange.org/adaptation-initiatives/alp...
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Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience

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Presentation held by Emma Bowa, Care International, at the learning event the Community Based Adaptation and Resilience in East and Southern Africa’s Drylands, held in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia by Care International Adaptation Learning Program for Africa (ALP), The CGIAR research program on Climate change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and African Insect Science for Food and Health (ICIPE)

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Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience

  1. 1. Vulnerability, Adaptation and Resilience Sept 2nd, 2014
  2. 2. ‘Climate change affects us all, but it does not affect us all equally. The poorest and most vulnerable – those who have done the least to contribute to global warming – are bearing the brunt of the impact.’ UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon WWW.CARECLIMATECHANGE.ORG
  3. 3. Community Based Adaptation Framework Climate Change knowledge COMMUNITY-BASED ADAPTATION WWW.CARECLIMATECHANGE.ORG Local adaptive & organisational capacity Addressing underlying causes of vulnerability Disaster risk reduction Climate-resilient livelihoods Influencing enabling policy environment Risk and uncertainty
  4. 4. Differential vulnerability: The role of social incl. gender dimensions • Vulnerability to climate change: exposure, sensitivity and capacity also depend on roles, responsibilities, voice, access, control ...  result of social relations • Different groups within a community have different but complementary knowledge, capacities, experience
  5. 5. Underlying causes of vulnerability • Asset base: ability to be proactive and innovate / take risks requires minimum asset base  strong differences e.g. land tenure, livestock, credit • Exclusion/ lack of voice: ethnic minorities, younger generations, or poor, uneducated women lacking voice in decision-making on e.g. DRM, land use, development planning • Access to information and training: language, generation and gender gaps in access to crucial information (weather, early warning, markets..) • Labour division by gender group  differential exposure and sensitivity to climatic hazards depending on crops grown,livelihoods activities, time use • Climatic shifts and social change: transitions in/ out of livelihoods, changes in labour division, erosion of community safety nets 5
  6. 6. What can be done? • Understand who is vulnerable to climate change and how they feel its impacts • Recognise vulnerable people as owners of knowledge and agents of change • Strengthen their capacity and empower them to adapt in different and complementary ways • Support adaptation to the impacts of climate change at all levels WWW.CARECLIMATECHANGE.ORG
  7. 7. Some Points of Reflection 1. How do we really include the most vulnerable? 2. Is there more to addressing vulnerability than adding some members of the various groups? 3. Is it enough to isolate them and do something ‘special’ with them, or are there opportunities for more meaningful interaction and engagement more with others? 4. When is it most useful/ appropriate to focus on the ‘differences’ and how or look at how better or worse off; more less the groups have? 5. Is it enough to focus on just the supply, but not the demand or the impacts? 6. Is it useful to also look at the intra relations/ processes? 7. How community based are the our community based approaches? 8. Are vulnerability assessments and gender assessments/ issues in conflict with pastoralism? Can they co-exist?
  8. 8. ALP, CARE & climate change: For more info alp@careclimatechange.org www.careclimatechange.org/adaptation-initiatives/alp WWW.CARECLIMATECHANGE.ORG

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