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  • 1. Open Educational Resources
    Lunchtime Seminar
    11 May 2011
    PJM
    Source: www.unesco.org
  • 2. The next 25 minutes
    Definitions
    Kinds of OER
    Major contributors
    Examples
    Copyright
    Future
    The debate
  • 3. OER Definitions
    “Open Educational Resources are teaching, learning or research materials that are in the public domain or released with an intellectual property license that allows for free use, adaptation, and distribution” (UNESCO, 2002)
    “…accumulated digital assets that can be adjusted” (OECD, 2007)
    “… making educational resources widely available by digitising collections of materials and enabling people to reuse and adapt existing content to support teaching and learning” (JISC, 2008)
    “At the heart of the movement toward Open Educational Resources is the simple and powerful idea that the world's knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse it.” (Smith & Casserly, 2006, p. 8)
  • 4. Learning content
    Full courses, courseware, content modules, learning objects, collections, journals
    Tools
    Software to support development, use, re-use and delivery of content, CMSs, LMSs, online communities
    Implementation resources
    IP licences, design principles of best practice, localisation of content
    (William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, 2006)
    What forms do OERs come in?
  • 5. OER Organisations
    OER Commons
    MIT OpenCourseWare
    Connexions
    Open Learning Initiative
    OpenLearn, LearningSpace, LabSpace
    MERLOT
    Jorum
    Commonwealth of Learning
    WikiEducator
    China Open Resources for Education (CORE)
    ITunesU

  • 6.
  • 7. ITunesU
  • 8. CORE
  • 9. OU LearningSpace
  • 10. Jorum
  • 11. MIT OpenCourseWare
  • 12. MIT OpenCourseWare
  • 13. Copyright
  • 14. Copyright
    Not well understood
    Web 2.0
    Support
    Obstacle?
    Help is available …
  • 15. Copyright
    Strategic Content Alliance
    JISC
    British Library
    BBC
    MLA Council
    Wellcome Trust
  • 16. Creativecommons.org
    Alternative to ‘copyleft’ or ‘all rights reserved’
    Some rights reserved
    Global legal recognition
    Six licences with four conditions
    Attribution CC BY
    Attribution-NoDerivs CC BY-ND
    Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA
    Attribution-ShareAlike CC BY-SA
    Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY
    Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs CC BY
  • 17. Creative Commons Licensing
    Attribution (CC BY)
    Distribute, remix, tweak and build upon work (+ commercially). Must give credit.
    Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
    Distribute, remix, tweak and build upon work (+ commercially). Must give credit and licence new creations under same terms.
    Attribution-NoDerivs (CC BY-ND)
    Redistribute (commercial and non-commercially) but unchanged, whole and with credit to original author.
    Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY)
    Remix, tweak, build upon work non-commercially. New works must credit original author and be non-commercial. Derivatives not on same terms.
    Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Remix, tweak and build upon work non-commercially. Credit original author and licence derivatives on same terms i.e., non commercial.
    Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY)
    Cannot be changed or used commercially.
  • 18. OER University Vision 2007
    Adapted from Taylor 2007
    Source: wikieducator.org
  • 19. OER University Vision 2011
  • 20. Kinds of education
    Rhizomatic (Cormier 2008)
    Euphorbia rhizophora (source: Vincentz 2007)
  • 21. The Debate
    Open and Distance Learning: a threat?
    Textbooks, universities, government ...
    Learners opting for OER …
    Quality, Standards, Processes, Skills, Assessment
    Sustainability
    Adoption, funding, ownership, format …
    Growth of OER communities
    Adaptation is difficult
    Measuring impact
    Education: public good, human right or consumer product?
  • 22. Discussion