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Open Educational Resources 3
 

Open Educational Resources 3

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    Open Educational Resources 3 Open Educational Resources 3 Presentation Transcript

    • Open Educational Resources
      Lunchtime Seminar
      11 May 2011
      PJM
      Source: www.unesco.org
    • The next 25 minutes
      Definitions
      Kinds of OER
      Major contributors
      Examples
      Copyright
      Future
      The debate
    • OER Definitions
      “Open Educational Resources are teaching, learning or research materials that are in the public domain or released with an intellectual property license that allows for free use, adaptation, and distribution” (UNESCO, 2002)
      “…accumulated digital assets that can be adjusted” (OECD, 2007)
      “… making educational resources widely available by digitising collections of materials and enabling people to reuse and adapt existing content to support teaching and learning” (JISC, 2008)
      “At the heart of the movement toward Open Educational Resources is the simple and powerful idea that the world's knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse it.” (Smith & Casserly, 2006, p. 8)
    • Learning content
      Full courses, courseware, content modules, learning objects, collections, journals
      Tools
      Software to support development, use, re-use and delivery of content, CMSs, LMSs, online communities
      Implementation resources
      IP licences, design principles of best practice, localisation of content
      (William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, 2006)
      What forms do OERs come in?
    • OER Organisations
      OER Commons
      MIT OpenCourseWare
      Connexions
      Open Learning Initiative
      OpenLearn, LearningSpace, LabSpace
      MERLOT
      Jorum
      Commonwealth of Learning
      WikiEducator
      China Open Resources for Education (CORE)
      ITunesU

    • ITunesU
    • CORE
    • OU LearningSpace
    • Jorum
    • MIT OpenCourseWare
    • MIT OpenCourseWare
    • Copyright
    • Copyright
      Not well understood
      Web 2.0
      Support
      Obstacle?
      Help is available …
    • Copyright
      Strategic Content Alliance
      JISC
      British Library
      BBC
      MLA Council
      Wellcome Trust
    • Creativecommons.org
      Alternative to ‘copyleft’ or ‘all rights reserved’
      Some rights reserved
      Global legal recognition
      Six licences with four conditions
      Attribution CC BY
      Attribution-NoDerivs CC BY-ND
      Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA
      Attribution-ShareAlike CC BY-SA
      Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY
      Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs CC BY
    • Creative Commons Licensing
      Attribution (CC BY)
      Distribute, remix, tweak and build upon work (+ commercially). Must give credit.
      Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
      Distribute, remix, tweak and build upon work (+ commercially). Must give credit and licence new creations under same terms.
      Attribution-NoDerivs (CC BY-ND)
      Redistribute (commercial and non-commercially) but unchanged, whole and with credit to original author.
      Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY)
      Remix, tweak, build upon work non-commercially. New works must credit original author and be non-commercial. Derivatives not on same terms.
      Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA)
      Remix, tweak and build upon work non-commercially. Credit original author and licence derivatives on same terms i.e., non commercial.
      Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY)
      Cannot be changed or used commercially.
    • OER University Vision 2007
      Adapted from Taylor 2007
      Source: wikieducator.org
    • OER University Vision 2011
    • Kinds of education
      Rhizomatic (Cormier 2008)
      Euphorbia rhizophora (source: Vincentz 2007)
    • The Debate
      Open and Distance Learning: a threat?
      Textbooks, universities, government ...
      Learners opting for OER …
      Quality, Standards, Processes, Skills, Assessment
      Sustainability
      Adoption, funding, ownership, format …
      Growth of OER communities
      Adaptation is difficult
      Measuring impact
      Education: public good, human right or consumer product?
    • Discussion