Open Educational Resources 3


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Open Educational Resources 3

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources<br />Lunchtime Seminar<br />11 May 2011<br />PJM<br />Source:<br />
  2. 2. The next 25 minutes<br />Definitions<br />Kinds of OER<br />Major contributors<br />Examples<br />Copyright<br />Future<br />The debate<br />
  3. 3. OER Definitions<br />“Open Educational Resources are teaching, learning or research materials that are in the public domain or released with an intellectual property license that allows for free use, adaptation, and distribution” (UNESCO, 2002)<br />“…accumulated digital assets that can be adjusted” (OECD, 2007)<br />“… making educational resources widely available by digitising collections of materials and enabling people to reuse and adapt existing content to support teaching and learning” (JISC, 2008)<br />“At the heart of the movement toward Open Educational Resources is the simple and powerful idea that the world's knowledge is a public good and that technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse it.” (Smith & Casserly, 2006, p. 8)<br />
  4. 4. Learning content<br />Full courses, courseware, content modules, learning objects, collections, journals<br />Tools<br />Software to support development, use, re-use and delivery of content, CMSs, LMSs, online communities<br />Implementation resources<br />IP licences, design principles of best practice, localisation of content <br />(William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, 2006)<br />What forms do OERs come in?<br />
  5. 5. OER Organisations<br />OER Commons<br />MIT OpenCourseWare<br />Connexions<br />Open Learning Initiative<br />OpenLearn, LearningSpace, LabSpace<br />MERLOT<br />Jorum<br />Commonwealth of Learning<br />WikiEducator<br />China Open Resources for Education (CORE)<br />ITunesU<br />…<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. ITunesU<br />
  8. 8. CORE<br />
  9. 9. OU LearningSpace<br />
  10. 10. Jorum<br />
  11. 11. MIT OpenCourseWare<br />
  12. 12. MIT OpenCourseWare<br />
  13. 13. Copyright<br />
  14. 14. Copyright<br />Not well understood<br />Web 2.0 <br />Support<br />Obstacle?<br />Help is available …<br />
  15. 15. Copyright<br />Strategic Content Alliance<br />JISC<br />British Library<br />BBC<br />MLA Council<br />Wellcome Trust<br />
  16. 16.<br />Alternative to ‘copyleft’ or ‘all rights reserved’<br />Some rights reserved<br />Global legal recognition<br />Six licences with four conditions<br />Attribution CC BY<br />Attribution-NoDerivs CC BY-ND<br />Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA<br />Attribution-ShareAlike CC BY-SA<br />Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY<br />Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs CC BY<br />
  17. 17. Creative Commons Licensing<br />Attribution (CC BY) <br />Distribute, remix, tweak and build upon work (+ commercially). Must give credit.<br />Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA) <br />Distribute, remix, tweak and build upon work (+ commercially). Must give credit and licence new creations under same terms. <br />Attribution-NoDerivs (CC BY-ND) <br />Redistribute (commercial and non-commercially) but unchanged, whole and with credit to original author.<br />Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY)<br />Remix, tweak, build upon work non-commercially. New works must credit original author and be non-commercial. Derivatives not on same terms. <br />Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA) <br />Remix, tweak and build upon work non-commercially. Credit original author and licence derivatives on same terms i.e., non commercial.<br />Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY) <br />Cannot be changed or used commercially.<br />
  18. 18. OER University Vision 2007<br />Adapted from Taylor 2007<br />Source:<br />
  19. 19. OER University Vision 2011<br />
  20. 20. Kinds of education<br />Rhizomatic (Cormier 2008)<br />Euphorbia rhizophora (source: Vincentz 2007)<br />
  21. 21. The Debate<br />Open and Distance Learning: a threat?<br />Textbooks, universities, government ...<br />Learners opting for OER …<br />Quality, Standards, Processes, Skills, Assessment<br />Sustainability <br />Adoption, funding, ownership, format …<br />Growth of OER communities<br />Adaptation is difficult<br />Measuring impact<br />Education: public good, human right or consumer product?<br />
  22. 22. Discussion<br />