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Open Educational Resources
- Introduction
Dr. Sandra Schön (Salzburg Research, AT)
Agenda
•  Copyright and education
•  OER definition and warm-up
•  Examples for OER
•  Open licenses of OER and examples of
usage
•  How to license your ER
•  Potential impact
•  Important for an EC project
Three questions
Three questions
answers by
OER Definition (UNESCO)
„Open Educational Resources (OERs) are
any type of educational materials that are
in the public domain or introduced with an
open license.“
UNESCO – see http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-
knowledge/open-educational-resources/what-are-open-educational-resources-oers/
OER types
Open/Free licenses
e.g. by Creative Commons
Free	usage,	modifica0on,	a2ribu0on	(BY)		
of	copyright	owner	and	license.		
Free	usage,	modifica0on,	a2ribu0on		
of	copyright	owner	and	license	(BY),	re-publishing		
under	the	same	license		(„share	alike“,	SA)	
	
Free	usage	without	any	further	contraints	–	
see	„Public	Domain“	
Mehr	dazu:	h2p://de.crea0ve.commons.org
OER is a solution for
restrictments of copyright
regulations
OER is also a solution for other
challenges as well
OER is also a solution for
other challenges as well, for example
•  Up-date of materials through others
•  Usage through others (impact)
•  Clear framework for co-operation and
later usage of materials
•  Possibilty to cooperate and make
something together
Popular OER initiatives
Wikipedia Wikipedia
http://de.wikipedia.org/
Wikiversity wikiversity
http://de.wikiversity.org
Wikibooks
http://de.wikibooks.org/
WikiBooks
OER licenses
Creative Commons
•  Is not the only the provider of licenses
•  CC is the most popular for texts, videos
and pictures
•  There is a set of diverse Creative Commons
licenses, not all are open/free license
Three levels of license
Illustra0on:	Drei-Schichten-Modells:	CC	BY	4.0	Interna0onal	
Crea0ve	Commons	-	h2ps://crea0vecommons.org/licenses/?lang=de		
For	lawyers	
For	machines	/	robots	
Short	version	for	
	„normal	people“)
As „Public Domain“ in the USA
Example: kindOERgarten.de and
how you can use the materials
http://kindOERgarten.de
Free usage, modification, attribution
of copyright owner and license (BY)
Example: Video of
COER17 used by others
Source: CC BY 4.0 Martin Ebner and Sandra Schön for iMooX.at
Free usage, modification, attribution
of copyright owner and license (BY), re-
publishing under the same license („share
alike“, SA)
Example: Modified Wikipedia Screenshot
composition with sketch available under CC BY SA 3.0 Sandra Schön - using a
Screenshot of Wikipedia in the background, original screenshot available under
http://wikipedia.de, licensed under CC BY SA 3.0, see
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode
There are also other options within
Creative Commons
No Derivation (ND) Non Commercial (NC)
There are also other options within
Creative Commons
No Derivation (ND)´ Non Commercial (NC)
Both are
not compliant
to OER !
Licensing educational
resources
All	screenshots:	CC	BY	4.0	Interna0onal	
Crea0ve	Commons	– 	
h2ps://crea0vecommons.org/choose/	
Choosing a license
Potential impact
OER ermöglicht große Verbreitung
und Nutzung
CC	0	Quelle:		
h*ps://pixabay.com/de/comic-cartoon-frau-zeigt-tshirt-192959/
OER ermöglicht große Verbreitung
und Nutzung
Quelle:	h2p://ascenicroute.com/about/		
Quelle:	
h*p://www.centerforinnersciences.org/members-speak/how-to-be-
simple	/		
Quelle:	via:	h*p://www.fao.org/3/a-i4768e.pdf	/
What is important for
an (EC) project?
Important
•  All authors/originators/creators have to
agree to an open license and of the way of
attribution
•  All used materials should be made by your
team or is public domain / OER with fitting
licenses
•  Best way to start with is the proposal /
project description and/or the consortium
agreement
Contact
Dr. Sandra Schön
Salzburg Research mbH
sandra.schoen@salzburgresearch.at
Add-On
Re-Mixing resources
Combinations of materials
License of result/
compilation
License of source

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Open Educational Resources (OER) - Introduction